|SAME AS||SAME AS S04611-B|
|COSPNSR||Gunther, Paulin, Lifton, Lupardo, Englebright, Hooper, Jaffee, Scarborough, Rosenthal, Cahill, Pretlow, Ortiz, Benedetto, Russell, Brindisi, Rivera|
|MLTSPNSR||Abinanti, Brennan, Crouch, Cusick, Galef, Hevesi, Lavine, Lentol, Millman, Peoples-Stokes, Perry|
|Amd S6902, Ed L|
|Establishes the nurse practitioners modernization act which allows the practice of registered professional nursing by a certified nurse practitioner to include diagnosis and performance without collaboration of a licensed physician.|
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NEW YORK STATE ASSEMBLY
MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF LEGISLATION
submitted in accordance with Assembly Rule III, Sec 1(f)
BILL NUMBER: A4846B SPONSOR: Gottfried (MS)
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the education law, in relation to establishing the nurse practitioners modernization act; and providing for the repeal of such provisions upon the expiration thereof   PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL: To limit the requirement of a collaboration agreement between a nurse practitioner and a physician as a condition for practice.   SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS: The bill amends the nurse practitioner provisions in Education Law to modify the requirements for a written collaboration agreement and prac- tice protocols between a nurse practitioner (NP) and physician. It would only apply to NPs who have practiced for less than 3,600 hours. In limited cases, a collaborating physician may be substituted by a collab- orating NP who is past his or her written-collaboration term and is qualified to collaborate in the specialty involved. NPs who have successfully practiced beyond that period will be required to maintain "collaborative relationships" with physicians or Article 28 hospitals with written guidelines covering consultation, care coordi- nation, and emergency referral plans. The written guidelines, on a form provided by the Education Department, must be maintained by the NP and made available to his or her patients, and the department, upon request. Failure to do so will constitute misconduct. The department will survey physicians and NPs on their experience with the new requirements and report its findings and recommendations to the legislature by September 1, 2018. The act will sunset after 6 years, subject to renewal by the Legisla- ture.   JUSTIFICATION: Nurse practitioners practice in a variety of primary and specialty care settings. They are licensed and certified by the State Education Depart- ment to diagnose illness and physical conditions and perform therapeutic and corrective measures, order tests, prescribe medications, medical devices and immunizing agents and, when appropriate, refer patients to other health care providers, without direct supervision. In addition to their advance certification by the Nursing Board, many NPs are certified by national accrediting agencies in one or more practice specialty. Currently, New York requires a written collaboration agreement between an NP and an MD. Ps practice with complete independence in 13 states (AL, AZ, DC, IA, ID, ME, MT, NH, NM, OR, UT, WA, WY). Given the educa- tion, training and advanced certification of NPs, written collaborative agreements no longer serves a clinical purpose. Instead, the require- ment serves as a barrier to practice and a disincentive to advanced certification, and it restricts access to health care for individuals and families in underserved areas of the state.   PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: 2008: A.10829 - referred to Higher Education committee 2009-10: A.765-B - referred to Higher Education committee 2011-2012: A.5308-A passed Assembly   FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: Reduces administrative costs for the State Education Department.   EFFECTIVE DATE: The first day of January following the date of enactment.
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STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 4846--B 2013-2014 Regular Sessions IN ASSEMBLY February 11, 2013 ___________ Introduced by M. of A. GOTTFRIED, GUNTHER, PAULIN, LIFTON, LUPARDO, ENGLEBRIGHT, HOOPER, JAFFEE, SCARBOROUGH, ROSENTHAL, CAHILL, PRETLOW, ORTIZ, BENEDETTO, RUSSELL, BRINDISI, RIVERA -- Multi-Sponsored by -- M. of A. ABINANTI, BOYLAND, BRENNAN, CROUCH, CUSICK, GALEF, HEVESI, LAVINE, LENTOL, MILLMAN, PEOPLES-STOKES, PERRY -- read once and referred to the Committee on Higher Education -- committee discharged, bill amended, ordered reprinted as amended and recommitted to said committee -- recommitted to the Committee on Higher Education in accordance with Assembly Rule 3, sec. 2 -- committee discharged, bill amended, ordered reprinted as amended and recommitted to said commit- tee AN ACT to amend the education law, in relation to establishing the nurse practitioners modernization act; and providing for the repeal of such provisions upon the expiration thereof The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem- bly, do enact as follows: 1 Section 1. Short title. This act shall be known and may be cited as 2 the "nurse practitioners modernization act". 3 § 2. Subdivision 3 of section 6902 of the education law, as added by 4 chapter 257 of the laws of 1988, is amended to read as follows: 5 3. (a) (i) The practice of registered professional nursing by a nurse 6 practitioner, certified under section six thousand nine hundred ten of 7 this article, may include the diagnosis of illness and physical condi- 8 tions and the performance of therapeutic and corrective measures within 9 a specialty area of practice, in collaboration with a licensed physician 10 qualified to collaborate in the specialty involved, provided such 11 services are performed in accordance with a written practice agreement 12 and written practice protocols except as permitted by paragraph (b) of 13 this subdivision. The written practice agreement shall include explicit 14 provisions for the resolution of any disagreement between the collab- 15 orating physician and the nurse practitioner regarding a matter of diag- EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD06944-06-4A. 4846--B 2 1 nosis or treatment that is within the scope of practice of both. To the 2 extent the practice agreement does not so provide, then the collaborat- 3 ing physician's diagnosis or treatment shall prevail. 4 (ii) In the event that (A) an existing written practice agreement with 5 a collaborating physician terminates as a result of: the collaborating 6 physician moving, retiring, no longer needing the services of the nurse 7 practitioner, no longer being qualified to practice; or the written 8 practice agreement terminating due to no fault on the part of the nurse 9 practitioner; and (B) the nurse practitioner demonstrates that he or she 10 has made a good faith effort to enter into a new written practice agree- 11 ment with a collaborating physician and has been unable to do so, then 12 upon approval by the department, such nurse practitioner may continue to 13 practice pursuant to this paragraph within a specialty area of practice 14 for a period of up to six months, in collaboration with a nurse practi- 15 tioner who has been certified under section six thousand nine hundred 16 ten of this article, who has been practicing for more than three thou- 17 sand six hundred hours and who is qualified to collaborate in the 18 specialty involved, provided that services are performed in accordance 19 with a written practice agreement and written practice protocols; such 20 six month time period for collaboration between nurse practitioners may 21 be extended for a period of time not to exceed an additional six months 22 upon a showing of good cause subject to the approval of the department. 23 [ (b)] (iii) Prescriptions for drugs, devices and immunizing agents may 24 be issued by a nurse practitioner, under this [ subdivision] paragraph 25 and section six thousand nine hundred ten of this article, in accordance 26 with the practice agreement and practice protocols except as permitted 27 by paragraph (b) of this subdivision. The nurse practitioner shall 28 obtain a certificate from the department upon successfully completing a 29 program including an appropriate pharmacology component, or its equiv- 30 alent, as established by the commissioner's regulations, prior to 31 prescribing under this [ subdivision] paragraph. The certificate issued 32 under section six thousand nine hundred ten of this article shall state 33 whether the nurse practitioner has successfully completed such a program 34 or equivalent and is authorized to prescribe under this [ subdivision] 35 paragraph. 36 [ (c)] (iv) Each practice agreement shall provide for patient records 37 review by the collaborating physician or, where applicable, the collab- 38 orating nurse practitioner, in a timely fashion but in no event less 39 often than every three months. The names of the nurse practitioner and 40 the collaborating physician or, where applicable, the collaborating 41 nurse practitioner shall be clearly posted in the practice setting of 42 the nurse practitioner. 43 [ (d)] (v) The practice protocol shall reflect current accepted medical 44 and nursing practice, or for collaborating with another nurse practi- 45 tioner pursuant to subparagraph (ii) of this paragraph, the current 46 accepted nursing practice. The protocols shall be filed with the 47 department within ninety days of the commencement of the practice and 48 may be updated periodically. The commissioner shall make regulations 49 establishing the procedure for the review of protocols and the disposi- 50 tion of any issues arising from such review. 51 [ (e)] (vi) No physician or, where applicable, nurse practitioner, 52 shall enter into practice agreements with more than four nurse practi- 53 tioners who are not located on the same physical premises as the collab- 54 orating physician or collaborating nurse practitioner. 55 [ (f)] (b) Notwithstanding subparagraph (i) of paragraph (a) of this 56 subdivision, a nurse practitioner, certified under section sixty-nineA. 4846--B 3 1 hundred ten of this article and practicing for more than three thousand 2 six hundred hours may comply with this paragraph in lieu of complying 3 with the requirements of paragraph (a) of this subdivision relating to 4 collaboration with a physician, a written practice agreement and written 5 practice protocols. A nurse practitioner complying with this paragraph 6 shall have collaborative relationships with one or more licensed physi- 7 cians qualified to collaborate in the specialty involved or a hospital, 8 licensed under article twenty-eight of the public health law, that 9 provides services through licensed physicians qualified to collaborate 10 in the specialty involved and having privileges at such institution. As 11 evidence that the nurse practitioner maintains collaborative relation- 12 ships, the nurse practitioner shall complete and maintain a form, 13 created by the department, which the nurse practitioner shall attest to, 14 that identifies written practice protocols and the methods by which the 15 nurse practitioner will collaborate such as: the criteria to be used 16 regarding consultation, including methods and frequency of how consulta- 17 tion shall be provided; collaborative management and referral; and emer- 18 gency referral plans. Such forms shall be updated as needed and may be 19 subject to review by the department. The nurse practitioner shall make 20 information contained in this form available to his or her patients upon 21 request. Failure to comply with the requirements found in this paragraph 22 by a nurse practitioner who is not complying with such provisions of 23 paragraph (a) of this subdivision, shall be subject to professional 24 misconduct provisions as set forth in article one hundred thirty of this 25 title. 26 (c) Nothing in this subdivision shall be deemed to limit or diminish 27 the practice of the profession of nursing as a registered professional 28 nurse under this article or any other law, rule, regulation or certif- 29 ication, nor to deny any registered professional nurse the right to do 30 any act or engage in any practice authorized by this article or any 31 other law, rule, regulation or certification. 32 [ (g)] (d) The provisions of this subdivision shall not apply to any 33 activity authorized, pursuant to statute, rule or regulation, to be 34 performed by a registered professional nurse in a hospital as defined in 35 article twenty-eight of the public health law. 36 (e) The commissioner, in consultation with the commissioner of health, 37 shall issue a report on the implementation of the provisions of this 38 section, along with information that includes, but is not limited to: 39 the number of nurse practitioners practicing for fewer than three thou- 40 sand six hundred hours that practice pursuant to a written practice 41 agreement with a physician; the number of nurse practitioners that prac- 42 tice pursuant to a written practice agreement with a nurse practitioner 43 for six months and the number of these nurse practitioners that extend a 44 written practice agreement for an additional six months upon a showing 45 of good cause subject to the approval of the department; the number of 46 nurse practitioners that practice pursuant to collaborative relation- 47 ships with physicians; and other information the department deems rele- 48 vant, including but not limited to, any recommendations for the contin- 49 uation of or amendments to the provisions of this section relating to 50 written practice agreements or collaborative relationships. The commis- 51 sioner shall submit this report to the governor, the speaker of the 52 assembly, the temporary president of the senate, and the chairs of the 53 assembly and senate higher education committees by September first, two 54 thousand eighteen. 55 § 3. This act shall take effect on the first day of January after it 56 shall have become a law and shall expire June 30 of the sixth year afterA. 4846--B 4 1 it shall have become a law, when upon such date the provisions of this 2 act shall be deemed repealed; provided, however, that effective imme- 3 diately, the addition, amendment and/or repeal of any rule or regulation 4 necessary for the implementation of this act on its effective date is 5 authorized and directed to be made and completed on or before such 6 effective date.