|01/21/2015||referred to labor|
|01/06/2016||referred to labor|
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STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 3055 2015-2016 Regular Sessions IN ASSEMBLY January 21, 2015 ___________ Introduced by M. of A. ROZIC, BARRETT, BUCHWALD, CLARK, GOTTFRIED, HEASTIE, HIKIND, HOOPER, MOSLEY, ROBINSON, ROSENTHAL, SCARBOROUGH, WRIGHT -- Multi-Sponsored by -- M. of A. ARROYO, BRENNAN, CAMARA, COOK, GLICK, PERRY, RIVERA, ROBERTS -- read once and referred to the Committee on Labor AN ACT to amend the labor law, in relation to flexible working arrange- ments The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem- bly, do enact as follows: 1 Section 1. The labor law is amended by adding a new section 171 to 2 read as follows: 3 § 171. Flexible working arrangement. 1. Definitions. a. For the 4 purposes of this section, "flexible working arrangement" shall mean 5 intermediate or long-term changes in the employee's regular working 6 arrangements, including but not limited to, changes in the number of 7 days or hours worked, changes in the time the employee arrives at or 8 departs from work, work from home, or job-sharing. "Flexible working 9 arrangement" shall not include vacation, routine scheduling of shifts, 10 or another form of employee leave. 11 b. For the purposes of this section, "inconsistent with business oper- 12 ations" shall mean a determination by the employer based on the follow- 13 ing considerations: (i) the burden on an employer of undue additional 14 costs; (ii) a legitimate or practical detrimental effect on aggregate 15 employee morale unrelated to discrimination or other unlawful employment 16 practices; (iii) a legitimate or practical detrimental effect on the 17 ability of an employer to meet consumer demand; (iv) a significant 18 inability to reorganize work among existing staff; (v) a legitimate or 19 practical inability to recruit additional staff; (vi) a significant 20 detrimental impact on business quality or business performance; (vii) an 21 insufficiency of work during the periods the employee proposes to work; EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD01726-02-5A. 3055 2 1 (viii) planned structural changes to the business; and (ix) any other 2 reasons as specified by the commissioner. 3 2. An employee may request a flexible working arrangement that meets 4 the needs of the employer and employee. The employer shall consider a 5 request using the procedures in this section when the employee asks the 6 employer on an as-needed basis. 7 3. The employer shall discuss the request for a flexible working 8 arrangement with the employee. The employer and employee may propose 9 alternative arrangements during the discussion. The employer shall 10 consider the employee's request for a flexible working arrangement and 11 whether the request could be granted in a manner that is not inconsist- 12 ent with its business operations or its legal or contractual obli- 13 gations. 14 4. The employer shall notify the employee of the decision regarding 15 the request in a timely manner. If the request was submitted in writing, 16 the employer shall state any complete or partial denial of the request 17 in writing, citing the reason as to denying the request. 18 5. This section shall not diminish any employment rights or agreements 19 pursuant to a collective bargaining agreement. An employer may institute 20 a flexible working arrangement policy that is more generous than is 21 provided by this section. 22 6. An employer shall not retaliate against an employee exercising his 23 or her rights under this section. 24 7. Nothing in this section shall affect any legal rights an employer 25 or employee may have under applicable law to create, terminate, or modi- 26 fy a flexible working arrangement. 27 8. Nothing in this section shall require an employer to accept the 28 flexible work arrangement of the employee. 29 9. a. The commissioner or a representative authorized by the commis- 30 sioner shall have the power to (i) investigate any complaint regarding a 31 violation of this section filed by any employee; person or organization 32 acting on the employee's behalf; or the recognized and certified collec- 33 tive bargaining agent acting on the employee's behalf; and (ii) examine 34 and inspect the records of any employer in conjunction with such an 35 investigation. 36 b. The commissioner may bring an action against an employer for fail- 37 ure to adhere to the provisions of this section, including injunctive 38 relief to enjoin future conduct. 39 c. Any employer who violates the provisions of this section shall 40 forfeit to the people of the state a sum of five hundred dollars for 41 each violation, to be recovered by the commissioner in any legal action 42 taken pursuant to this subdivision. 43 10. The commissioner shall promulgate rules and regulations within one 44 hundred twenty days of the effective date of this section for the imple- 45 mentation of this section. 46 § 2. This act shall take effect immediately.