BILL NO A05275
SAME AS No same as
Add Art 27 Title 31 SS27-3101 - 27-3109, En Con L
Provides for the recovery, reuse and recycling of hardcover books; prohibits
the disposal as solid waste and incineration of hardcover books.
TITLE OF BILL:
An act to amend the environmental conservation law, in relation to
recovery, reuse and recycling of hardcover books
PURPOSE OF THE BILL:
SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:
There are substantial quantities of hardcover books being deposited
into landfills, despite the availability of markets for their
processing and recycling. Recycling and reprocessing of soft cover
books has been occurring for years as mixed paper in residential and
commercial recycling programs. However, hardcover books have faced
obstacles to recycling principally due to their bindings and covers.
Nevertheless, it appears that recycling of hardcover books is both
economically and environmentally viable.
Because hardcover books are often collected with other paper, it is
difficult to obtain accurate recycling information. Hardcover books
are often collected at no cost by recyclers, and the source agencies
do not keep records on these quantities. In general, residential
curbside collection programs generally process hardcover books as
mixed paper; therefore it is difficult to quantify collection costs.
Libraries and schools maintain separate storage, hilt savings from
reduced garbage collection and disposal offset these costs.
A survey conducted by the Assembly Legislative Commission on Solid
Waste Management of the State's larger cities and their counties,
subsequently identifying municipalities and private companies that are
recycling hardcover books. Some examples of the survey results are:
Oneida-Herkimer Solid Waste Authority has operated a voluntary free
drop-off of hardcover books at its recycling center in Utica since
2006 and two highly successful one-day collection events at City of
Rome Library. The Authority requires residents, libraries, schools,
businesses and other generators to drop of hardcover books directly at
the Recycling Center in Utica, where the books are segregated and
marketed separately. The Authority delivers the books to a scrap paper
processor at no cost where the books are baled and exported for final
recycling. Approximately 50 tons of hardcover books are recycled
annually, including about 10 tons from the library collection events.
The Authority identified the lack of consistent reliable markets as
the largest impediment, as well as identifying appropriate staff in
agencies, schools, libraries, etc. to ensure the unwanted books are
properly collected and segregated. The Authority estimates annual
handling costs are modest and off-set by avoided disposal costs.
Broome County accepts hardcover books with other paper products from
residential curbside recycling. Schools, libraries, and businesses
recycle larger quantities of hardcover books directly with area paper
City of Rochester accepts hardcover books with other paper products
from residential curbside recycling; the books are transported to and
processed at the Monroe County Materials Recovery Facility. Rochester
experienced no significant increase in costs for collecting hardcover
Erie County partners with Cascades Recovery US to collect hardcover
books from the County Library, the County law office and other
departments, as well as Buffalo and other area school districts.
Onondaga County collected hardcover books from 2004 - 2010 at a
special drop-off center; this collection stopped in 2010 due to rent
and personnel costs. Their contractor for taking all books was Hanna
Paper in Buffalo. They also identified a company (Folletts) that takes
back textbooks, as well as agencies, including libraries that will
take hardcover books. Onondaga County allowed community organizations
and schools to "harvest" books before shipping,to Hanna. Onondaga
County estimates that it has collected approximately 660 tons of
hardcover books between 2004 and 2010. The County noted that adequate
shipping containers were a challenge solved by using unwanted
watermelon crates. The County did not recover any costs because of
storage space and labor costs.
NYS Office of General Services (OGS) receives approximately 4 tons of
hard and soft cover books a month through their recycling program at
the Empire State Plaza. Since August 2011, OGS has contracted with
Cascades Recycling US to recycle paper as well as hard and soft cover
books. According to OGS, all facilities operated statewide recycle
paper, including hard cover books.
Cascades Recovery US has a major presence in upstate New York, with
paper mills in Canada that buy and use scrap paper. The company is
increasing hardcover book recovery as a means of obtaining more
recycled paper. Cascades contracts with OGS to take office paper,
including hardcover books, from the Empire State Plaza (ESP), the
State Office Campus, the A.E. Smith Building, the Capital and the Ten
Eyck building. Cascades has also bid on a paper contract with the
State Education Department.
Cascades note that technological advances in shredding and processing
at the paper mills are overcoming the problems associated with
hardcover bindings and covers for processing and recycling.
PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:
2013: A 1767 Maisel; S3834 Farley
FISCAL IMPLICATIONS FOR STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS:
This act would take effect immediately.
S T A T E O F N E W Y O R K
2015-2016 Regular Sessions
I N A S S E M B L Y
February 17, 2015
Introduced by M. of A. ENGLEBRIGHT -- read once and referred to the
Committee on Environmental Conservation
AN ACT to amend the environmental conservation law, in relation to
recovery, reuse and recycling of hardcover books
THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:
1 Section 1. Article 27 of the environmental conservation law is amended
2 by adding a new title 31 to read as follows:
3 TITLE 31
4 HARDCOVER BOOK RECOVERY, REUSE AND RECYCLING
5 SECTION 27-3101. DEFINITION.
6 27-3103. DISPOSAL OF HARDCOVER BOOKS; PROHIBITED.
7 27-3105. DEPARTMENT RESPONSIBILITIES.
8 27-3107. RESPONSIBILITIES OF MUNICIPALITIES.
9 27-3109. HARDCOVER BOOK RECYCLERS.
10 S 27-3101. DEFINITION.
11 AS USED IN THIS TITLE, "HARDCOVER BOOK" MEANS A BOOK BOUND IN CLOTH,
12 CARDBOARD OR LEATHER. SUCH TERM SHALL NOT INCLUDE PAPERBACK BOOKS.
13 S 27-3103. DISPOSAL OF HARDCOVER BOOKS; PROHIBITED.
14 IT SHALL BE UNLAWFUL TO DISPOSE OF A HARDCOVER BOOK AS SOLID WASTE OR
15 TO INCINERATE A HARDCOVER BOOK.
16 S 27-3105. DEPARTMENT RESPONSIBILITIES.
17 THE DEPARTMENT SHALL:
18 1. INVENTORY EXISTING VOLUNTARY MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
19 PROGRAMS THAT INCLUDE RECOVERY, REUSE AND RECYCLING OF HARDCOVER BOOKS
20 AND MAKE THE INFORMATION DERIVED FROM SUCH INVENTORY AVAILABLE TO ALL
21 MUNICIPALITIES. WHEN MUNICIPALITIES ESTABLISH THEIR PERMANENT PROGRAMS,
22 THIS INFORMATION SHALL ALSO BE SHARED WITH OTHER MUNICIPALITIES;
23 2. PROMINENTLY POST INFORMATION ABOUT MUNICIPAL HARDCOVER BOOK RECOV-
24 ERY, REUSE, AND RECYCLING PROGRAMS ON ITS WEBSITE; AND
EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
[ ] is old law to be omitted.
A. 5275 2
1 3. ENSURE THAT ALL MUNICIPALITIES ARE NOTIFIED OF THE HARDCOVER BOOK
2 DISPOSAL PROHIBITION AND THE REQUIREMENTS OF THIS TITLE.
3 S 27-3107. RESPONSIBILITIES OF MUNICIPALITIES.
4 MUNICIPALITIES ARE ENCOURAGED TO ESTABLISH PROGRAMS TO COLLECT, REDIS-
5 TRIBUTE, REUSE AND RECYCLE UNWANTED BOOKS. MUNICIPALITIES MAY CONTRACT
6 WITH THIRD PARTY ORGANIZATIONS OR BUSINESSES FOR THE COLLECTION, REDIS-
7 TRIBUTION AND RECYCLING OF UNWANTED HARDCOVER BOOKS. MUNICIPALITIES
8 SHALL SEND ALL INFORMATION DESCRIBING THE ESTABLISHMENT AND IMPLEMENTA-
9 TION OF THEIR VOLUNTARY PROGRAMS TO RECOVER, REDISTRIBUTE, REUSE OR
10 RECYCLE HARDCOVER BOOKS TO THE DEPARTMENT.
11 WITHIN TWO YEARS OF THE EFFECTIVE DATE OF THIS TITLE, EVERY MUNICI-
12 PALITY SHALL ESTABLISH A PROGRAM TO RECOVER, REDISTRIBUTE, REUSE OR
13 RECYCLE HARDCOVER BOOKS. MUNICIPALITIES MAY ESTABLISH JOINT PROGRAMS
14 WITH OTHER MUNICIPALITIES, OR CONTRACT WITH THIRD PARTY ORGANIZATIONS OR
15 BUSINESSES TO RECOVER, REDISTRIBUTE, REUSE OR RECYCLE HARDCOVER BOOKS.
16 MUNICIPALITIES SHALL SEND ALL INFORMATION DESCRIBING THE ESTABLISHMENT
17 AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THEIR PROGRAMS TO RECOVER, REDISTRIBUTE, REUSE OR
18 RECYCLE HARDCOVER BOOKS TO THE DEPARTMENT.
19 MUNICIPALITIES SHALL KEEP RECORDS OF THEIR HARDCOVER BOOK RECOVERY,
20 REUSE, REDISTRIBUTION AND RECYCLING PROGRAMS, INCLUDING TONNAGES OF
21 BOOKS COLLECTED, BOOKS REDISTRIBUTED FOR REUSE, BOOKS RECYCLED AND THE
22 RECYCLING COMPANIES UTILIZED.
23 S 27-3109. HARDCOVER BOOK RECYCLERS.
24 EVERY PERSON OR ENTITY ENGAGED IN THE RECOVERY AND RECYCLING OF HARD-
25 COVER BOOKS SHALL ANNUALLY PROVIDE DOCUMENTATION TO THE DEPARTMENT OF
26 THE TONNAGE OF HARDCOVER BOOKS RECEIVED FROM EACH MUNICIPALITY WITH
27 WHICH IT CONTRACTS, AND THE PERSONS OR ENTITIES TO WHICH THE RECYCLED
28 HARDCOVER BOOKS ARE SENT.
29 S 2. This act shall take effect immediately.