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NEW YORK STATE ASSEMBLY
MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF LEGISLATION
submitted in accordance with Assembly Rule III, Sec 1(f)
BILL NUMBER: A9343 SPONSOR: Crespo
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the environmental conservation law, in relation to requiring the commissioner of environmental conservation to place certain air quality monitoring systems in certain communities located within a city having a population of one million or more   PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF THE BILL: To require the commissioner of environmental conservation to place certain air quality monitoring systems in certain communities.   SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS: Section 1 adds a new section 19-0322 to reads as follows: 19-0322. air quality monitoring systems required within certain communi- ties within a city having a population of one million or more. The commissioner will operate an air quality monitor network within low income communities and measure data for fine particulate matter (PM) and levels of nitrogen oxide (NOx). The data will be documented on a weekly and monthly basis in each community. On a yearly basis, results will be reported to the department. Section 2. This act will take effect immediately and the first report will be due one year after it shall become law.   JUSTIFICATION: Air pollution in New York City is a significant envi- ronmental threat which contributes to an estimated 6% of annual deaths. Improving our city's air quality is a difficult task because there are many types of air pollutants that can come from millions of sources, inside and outside city boundaries. A new study reveals that inhaling New York air can block arteries to the brain - raising the risk of such constriction by nearly 25% in the dirtiest areas. Air pollution can narrow the arteries in the head and neck, cutting off oxygen to the brain and triggering strokes, according to the research by NYU Langone Medical Center, which studied 300,000 area residents. The constriction - a condition known as carotid artery stenosis that's responsible for half the strokes in the country - is especially troubl- ing for people with health problems. "Pollution could be that extra little push that could lead to a cardiovascular event," said study author Dr. Jonathan Newman, who published his findings in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology Wednesday. The goal is to monitor air quality so we can better find a way to improve the quality of life for the people of New York City.   PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: No prior legislative history.   FISCAL IMPLICATIONS FOR STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT:   EFFECTIVE DATE: Immediately.