|SAME AS||No same as|
|Add Art 9 SS130 - 132, State L|
|Enacts the New York state English language empowerment act which deems English the official language of the government of the state of New York.|
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STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 1902 2013-2014 Regular Sessions IN SENATE (Prefiled) January 9, 2013 ___________ Introduced by Sen. NOZZOLIO -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Investigations and Govern- ment Operations AN ACT to amend the state law, in relation to making English the offi- cial language of New York state The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem- bly, do enact as follows: 1 Section 1. The state law is amended by adding a new article 9 to read 2 as follows: 3 ARTICLE 9 4 OFFICIAL STATE LANGUAGE 5 Section 130. Legislative findings and intent. 6 131. Short title. 7 132. Official state language. 8 § 130. Legislative findings and intent. The legislature hereby finds 9 that, the state is comprised of individuals from many ethnic, cultural, 10 and linguistic backgrounds, and continues to benefit from this rich 11 diversity. Throughout the history of New York and the United States, the 12 common thread binding individuals of differing backgrounds has been the 13 English language. Command of the English language is necessary to 14 participate in and take full advantage of the opportunities afforded by 15 American life. Absent a rudimentary command of the English language, 16 citizens of this state are not able to make their voices heard in the 17 legislative process, effectively exercise their right to vote, or fully 18 understand the rights afforded them by the United States and New York 19 Constitutions. Such citizens also have a more difficult time finding 20 gainful employment, affordable housing, health insurance, and otherwise 21 availing themselves of the full benefits of American life for themselves 22 and their families. EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD01290-01-3S. 1902 2 1 § 131. Short title. This act shall be known and may be cited as the 2 "New York state English language empowerment act". 3 § 132. Official state language. English shall be the official language 4 of the government of the state of New York. 1. The state of New York 5 shall conduct all official business of this state in English. All offi- 6 cial documents, regulations, orders, and publications shall be printed 7 in English and all official programs, meetings, transactions, and 8 actions conducted by or on behalf of this state and all its political 9 subdivisions shall be in English. 10 2. a. Other languages may be used by government officials, and in 11 official documents, whenever necessary to: 12 (i) protect the health, safety, or liberty of any citizen; 13 (ii) teach or study other languages; 14 (iii) protect the rights of criminal defendants or the victims of 15 crime; 16 (iv) promote trade, tourism, or commerce; 17 (v) facilitate activities pertaining to the compilation of any census; 18 (vi) comply with the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education 19 Act; 20 (vii) use proper names, terms of art, or phrases from language other 21 than English; or 22 (viii) comply with the Constitution and laws of the United States of 23 America, or the state constitution. 24 b. Except in exigent circumstances, when an official government docu- 25 ment is translated into any language other than English under this 26 section, an English translation will also be provided in the same docu- 27 ment, appearing in such a manner as to afford the reader the opportunity 28 to observe the English translation of all phrases used. 29 3. Nothing in this section shall be construed to: 30 a. diminish the usage of, prevent the study or development of, or 31 discourage the use of, any Native American language in any context or 32 for any purpose; 33 b. prohibit any elected official from speaking to any person in a 34 language other than English while campaigning or providing constituent 35 services, although such officials are encouraged to use English as much 36 as possible to promote fluency in English; 37 c. disparage any language or discourage any person from learning or 38 using any language; 39 d. prohibit informal and nonbinding translations or communications 40 among or between representatives of government and other persons if this 41 activity does not affect or impair supervision, management, conduct or 42 execution of official actions and if the representatives of government 43 make clear that these translations or communications are unofficial and 44 are not binding on the state or any political subdivision of the state; 45 or 46 e. prohibit individuals from utilizing translation methods of their 47 own provision to communicate with an official government agent or enti- 48 ty. 49 4. As used in this section, "official" means any government action or 50 document that binds the government, is required by law, or is authorized 51 by law. 52 § 2. This act shall take effect immediately.