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A02455 Summary:

Add 399-hh, Gen Bus L
Prohibits the sale of dry ice to individuals under eighteen years of age; a violation shall be punishable by a fine of not more than five hundred dollars.
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A02455 Memo:

submitted in accordance with Assembly Rule III, Sec 1(f)
SPONSOR: Hyndman
  TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the general business law, in relation to prohibiting the sale of dry ice to individuals under eighteen years of age   PURPOSE: This legislation would help prevent under aged undetectable alcohol intoxication absent consumption with the use of dry ice.   SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS: Section 1: a. Adding s 399-hh to the general business law to prohibit any person or business entity to sell dry ice to any person under the age of 18. b. To provide for punishments for the violation(s) for the above. Section 2: Sets forth the effective date.   JUSTIFICATION: Today, there is a trending phenomenon with dry ice. It is smoking alco- hol or "vaping". This is alcohol being heated then poured onto dry ice allowing for the alcohol vapors to be inhaled and getting into the blood stream almost instantly. The yielding effect is alcohol goes straight to the brain. There are several health threats such as damage to the nasal passages and lungs; enabling a person to achieve fatal alcohol poisoning more rapidly and without warning; and death. Since the alcohol reaches the brain faster, intoxication isn't felt as quickly, and does not allow for the liver to detoxify the alcohol as it does when consumed with drink- ing. Vaping misleads a person to feel sober when they are not and their body neurologically becomes impaired the same as when alcohol is drank. Alcohol abuse is a public health crisis; especially among under aged drinkers. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, alcohol is the most commonly used drug among youth (2007). Under aged drinking cost New York State over $3.1 billion in 2013(Pacific Research Institute); an increase from $2.3 billion in 2005. Those who drink under the legal age is more likely to become heavy drinkers. According to the National Institute on Alcohol and Alcohol Abuse (NIAAA), 5000 people annually under the age of 21 die due to alcohol; with 1900 of these in motor vehicle crashes. With this new phenomenon of consuming alcohol being viewed as fun and trendy while coupled with the misconception of not getting being able to get drunk when smoked, the issues from the dangers of raping are sure to increase. This is sure to compound all other dangers and issues of under aged drinking. Ages 12-20 are reported to have consumed 1% of all alcohol consumed in the United States for 2015 (NIAAA). This may be viewed as a drastic measure for a commonly used item used for simplistic purposes, however, this is similar to implementing legis- lature signed requiring a person to be at least 18 years of age with proper identification to purchase household items such as certain glues and spray paints; as well as common over-the-counter medications. Smok- ing alcohol with the use of dry ice is something that must be proactive- ly addressed for the safety of the public, especially those under the legal age of drinking.   FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: None   EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect immediately.
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