A06110 Summary:

Add Title 26 Chap 23 26-2301 - 26-2308, NYC Ad Cd
Establishes commercial rent stabilization in the city of New York.
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A06110 Actions:

02/28/2019referred to cities
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A06110 Committee Votes:

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A06110 Floor Votes:

There are no votes for this bill in this legislative session.
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A06110 Text:

                STATE OF NEW YORK
                               2019-2020 Regular Sessions
                   IN ASSEMBLY
                                    February 28, 2019
        Introduced by M. of A. MOSLEY -- read once and referred to the Committee
          on Cities
        AN  ACT  to  amend  the  administrative code of the city of New York, in
          relation to the regulation of commercial rents
          The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and  Assem-
        bly, do enact as follows:

     1    Section 1. Title 26 of the administrative code of the city of New York
     2  is amended by adding a new chapter 23 to read as follows:
     3                                 CHAPTER 23
     4                        COMMERCIAL RENT STABILIZATION
     5  Section 26-2301 Scope.
     6          26-2302 Definitions.
     7          26-2303 Rental guidelines.
     8          26-2304 Security deposits.
     9          26-2305 Retaliation.
    10          26-2306 Waiver.
    11          26-2307 Manner of service.
    12          26-2308 Inconsistency with other laws.
    13    § 26-2301 Scope. This chapter shall apply only to all commercial lease
    14  renewals for commercial premises. On any occasion wherein a landlord and
    15  tenant  are  required  to  negotiate  the  terms  of a lease renewal for
    16  commercial  uses  the  provisions  of  this  chapter  shall  apply.  The
    17  provisions  of  this  chapter  shall  apply  to any landlord and current
    18  tenant whose lease expired on or after July first,  two  thousand  nine-
    19  teen.
    20    § 26-2302 Definitions. As used in this chapter:
    21    a.  "Commercial  premises" shall mean a building or space occupied for
    22  non-residential purposes including, but not limited  to,  manufacturing,
    23  retail, professional services, offices, assembling, processing, cultural
         EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                              [ ] is old law to be omitted.

        A. 6110                             2
     1  and  not-for-profit  entities  that are present in the city of New York,
     2  who have a valid commercial lease.
     3    b.  "Landlord" shall mean any owner, lessor, sublessor or other person
     4  entitled to receive rent for the use  or  occupancy  of  any  commercial
     5  premises, or an agent thereof.
     6    c.  "Rent"  shall  mean  any  and all consideration, including but not
     7  limited to pass-alongs, received by the landlord in connection with  the
     8  use or occupancy of any commercial premises.
     9    d.  "Tenant"  shall  mean tenant, subtenant, lessee, sublessee, or any
    10  other persons lawfully entitled to use or occupancy  of  any  commercial
    11  premises.
    12    §  26-2303 Rental guidelines. a. The rent guidelines board established
    13  pursuant to section 26-510 of this title shall establish annually guide-
    14  lines for the maximum increase in rent for  a  renewal  of  a  lease  of
    15  commercial premises, and in determining such maximum rent increase shall
    16  consider,  among  other things (1) the economic condition of the commer-
    17  cial real estate industry in the affected area including such factors as
    18  the prevailing and projected (i) real estate taxes and sewer  and  water
    19  rates,  (ii)  gross  operating  maintenance  costs  (including insurance
    20  rates, governmental fees, cost of fuel and labor costs), (iii) costs and
    21  availability of financing (including effective rates of interest),  (iv)
    22  over-all  supply  of commercial premises and over-all vacancy rates, (2)
    23  relevant data from the current and projected cost of  operating  indices
    24  for  the  affected area, (3) such other data as may be made available to
    25  it. Not later than July first of each year, the  rent  guidelines  board
    26  shall  file  with the city clerk its findings for the preceding calendar
    27  year, and shall accompany such findings with a statement of the  maximum
    28  increase  in rent for a renewal of a lease, if any, for commercial prem-
    29  ises subject to this law, authorized for leases or other  rental  agree-
    30  ments  commencing  on  the  next  succeeding October first or within the
    31  twelve months thereafter. Such findings and statement shall be published
    32  in the City Record.
    33    b. All leases of a commercial premises may be renewed at the option of
    34  a tenant who did not lose the right to renew a lease under  the  grounds
    35  described in subdivision c of this section.
    36    c.  A tenant shall lose the right of renewal and a landlord may refuse
    37  to renew a lease only on the following grounds:
    38    (1) The tenant has persistently delayed rent payments  without  cause.
    39  For the purpose of this subdivision, "cause" is defined as the withhold-
    40  ing  of  rental  payments by the tenant due to the alleged violations of
    41  the rental agreement by the landlord.  In order for the landlord  to  be
    42  excused  from  renewal on this ground, the landlord must have served the
    43  tenant at least three prior notices during the term of the lease to  the
    44  tenant  for demand of payment within thirty days, and then show that the
    45  lessee has not paid within such thirty day period.  The  landlord  shall
    46  not serve such notice unless the rent payment was in arrears for a mini-
    47  mum of fifteen days;
    48    (2)  The tenant uses the commercial premises in a manner substantially
    49  different from that described in the lease;
    50    (3) The tenant conducts or permits any form of illegal activity on the
    51  premises;
    52    (4) The tenant has substantially breached any  substantive  obligation
    53  under the current lease and has failed to cure such breach within thirty
    54  days following written notice to cure by the landlord;
    55    (5) Upon the termination of the current tenancy, the landlord intends,
    56  in  good faith, to demolish or substantially reconstruct the premises or

        A. 6110                             3
     1  a substantial  part  thereof,  or  to  carry  out  substantial  work  or
     2  construction  on  the  commercial  premises  or substantial part thereof
     3  which he or she could not reasonably do without obtaining possession  of
     4  the  commercial premises. The landlord shall notify the tenant of his or
     5  her decision to reoccupy the commercial premises at least one year prior
     6  to the termination of the lease. In the event that  the  lessor  fraudu-
     7  lently  invokes  this  justification for a refusal to renew a commercial
     8  lease, the defrauded tenant may collect  treble  damages  for  any  loss
     9  suffered as a result of such action;
    10    (6) The current tenancy was created by the subletting of the property,
    11  whereby  the  prime tenant did not notify the landlord by certified mail
    12  of the subtenant's existence and did not obtain the written  consent  of
    13  the  landlord. This ground is void if the landlord and tenant had agreed
    14  in the lease to allow subleasing rights without the consent of the land-
    15  lord and all obligations of the prime  tenant  on  the  issue,  were  in
    16  compliance;
    17    (7)  It has been determined by the rent guidelines board or by a civil
    18  court of competent jurisdiction that the tenant is a gross and  persist-
    19  ent  violator  of  New  York  city  tax laws, of any license obligations
    20  related to the use of the premises or of any laws of  the  city  of  New
    21  York;
    22    (8)  Upon the termination of the current tenancy, the landlord intends
    23  to occupy the retail premises in order to carry out  its  own  business,
    24  which  cannot  be  the  same type of business that the current tenant is
    25  operating, unless the landlord compensates the  tenant  at  fair  market
    26  value as determined by an arbitrator as restitution for the loss of such
    27  tenant's  business.  The  landlord shall notify the tenant of his or her
    28  decision to reoccupy the premises at least one hundred eighty days prior
    29  to the termination of the lease. In the event that the landlord  fraudu-
    30  lently  invokes  this  justification for a refusal to renew a commercial
    31  lease, the defrauded tenant may collect  treble  damages  for  any  loss
    32  suffered as a result of such action.
    33    §  26-2304  Security  deposits.  Security deposits shall not exceed an
    34  amount equal to two months rent. All security deposits shall  be  placed
    35  in  escrow  in  an  interest-bearing account at a federally insured bank
    36  located in New York state. The tenant shall be notified  in  writing  of
    37  the  location of such escrow account. Interest paid on the account shall
    38  be paid in full to the tenant upon termination of the lease. The  amount
    39  of  interest  paid  to  the tenant shall equal the interest paid by such
    40  federally insured bank less one percent for the  landlord's  administra-
    41  tive costs.
    42    §  26-2305 Retaliation. No landlord shall in any way retaliate against
    43  any tenant for the tenant's assertion or exercise of  any  rights  under
    44  this  chapter.  Any  such retaliation may subject the landlord to a suit
    45  for actual and punitive damages, injunctive relief, and attorney's fees.
    46    § 26-2306 Waiver. No provision in  any  lease,  rental  agreement,  or
    47  agreement  made  in  connection therewith which waives or diminishes any
    48  right of tenant under this chapter is valid.
    49    § 26-2307 Manner of service. All papers  and  notices  which,  by  the
    50  terms  of  this  chapter are required to be served, shall be served by a
    51  process server, or shall be sent by first class mail and certified mail,
    52  return receipt requested or by any express mail service.
    53    § 26-2308 Inconsistency with other laws. In the event  of  any  incon-
    54  sistency  with  any  other  laws of the city of New York, this law shall
    55  take precedence.

        A. 6110                             4
     1    § 2. Severability. If any clause, sentence, paragraph, section or part
     2  of this act shall be adjudged by any court of competent jurisdiction  to
     3  be  invalid  and  after  exhaustion  of all further judicial review, the
     4  judgment shall not affect, impair or invalidate the  remainder  thereof,
     5  but  shall  be  confined in its operation to the clause, sentence, para-
     6  graph, section or part of this act directly involved in the  controversy
     7  in which the judgment shall have been rendered.
     8    § 3. This act shall take effect on the one hundred eightieth day after
     9  it shall have become a law.
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