S05348 Summary:

BILL NOS05348B
 
SAME ASSAME AS A07463-B
 
SPONSORKENNEDY
 
COSPNSRBAILEY, BIAGGI, CARLUCCI, FELDER, GIANARIS, GOUNARDES, HOYLMAN, KAPLAN, KRUEGER, LIU, MAY, METZGER, MONTGOMERY, MYRIE, PARKER, RAMOS, RIVERA, SAVINO, SEPULVEDA, SERRANO
 
MLTSPNSR
 
Amd §§226, 227, 510, 514 & 1802, V & T L
 
Limits the grounds for the suspension of a driver's license; provides for additional notification when a person is required to make an appearance; requires income based payment plans to be available for fines, fees and mandatory surcharges incurred as a result of a violation of the vehicle and traffic law and makes conforming changes.
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S05348 Actions:

BILL NOS05348B
 
04/26/2019REFERRED TO TRANSPORTATION
05/30/2019REPORTED AND COMMITTED TO FINANCE
06/13/2019AMEND (T) AND RECOMMIT TO FINANCE
06/13/2019PRINT NUMBER 5348A
06/19/2019COMMITTEE DISCHARGED AND COMMITTED TO RULES
06/19/2019ORDERED TO THIRD READING CAL.1692
06/19/2019PASSED SENATE
06/19/2019DELIVERED TO ASSEMBLY
06/19/2019referred to codes
01/08/2020died in assembly
01/08/2020returned to senate
01/08/2020REFERRED TO TRANSPORTATION
02/14/2020AMEND AND RECOMMIT TO TRANSPORTATION
02/14/2020PRINT NUMBER 5348B
07/20/2020REPORTED AND COMMITTED TO FINANCE
07/21/2020REPORTED AND COMMITTED TO RULES
07/21/2020ORDERED TO THIRD READING CAL.782
07/22/2020SUBSTITUTED BY A7463B
 A07463 AMEND=B Hunter
 05/06/2019referred to transportation
 06/13/2019amend (t) and recommit to transportation
 06/13/2019print number 7463a
 06/19/2019reference changed to codes
 06/19/2019reported referred to rules
 01/08/2020referred to codes
 01/31/2020amend and recommit to codes
 01/31/2020print number 7463b
 07/17/2020reported referred to ways and means
 07/17/2020reported referred to rules
 07/20/2020reported
 07/20/2020rules report cal.170
 07/20/2020ordered to third reading rules cal.170
 07/21/2020passed assembly
 07/21/2020delivered to senate
 07/21/2020REFERRED TO RULES
 07/22/2020SUBSTITUTED FOR S5348B
 07/22/20203RD READING CAL.782
 07/22/2020PASSED SENATE
 07/22/2020RETURNED TO ASSEMBLY
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S05348 Committee Votes:

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S05348 Floor Votes:

There are no votes for this bill in this legislative session.
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S05348 Text:



 
                STATE OF NEW YORK
        ________________________________________________________________________
 
                                         5348--B
 
                               2019-2020 Regular Sessions
 
                    IN SENATE
 
                                     April 26, 2019
                                       ___________
 
        Introduced  by Sens. KENNEDY, BIAGGI, CARLUCCI, FELDER, GIANARIS, KRUEG-
          ER, MAY, MONTGOMERY, PARKER, RAMOS, RIVERA, SEPULVEDA  --  read  twice
          and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee
          on  Transportation  --  reported  favorably  from  said  committee and
          committed to the Committee on Finance --  committee  discharged,  bill
          amended,  ordered reprinted as amended and recommitted to said commit-
          tee -- recommitted to the Committee on  Transportation  in  accordance
          with  Senate  Rule  6,  sec.  8 -- committee discharged, bill amended,
          ordered reprinted as amended and recommitted to said committee
 
        AN ACT to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in relation to the  suspen-
          sion of a license to drive a motor vehicle or motorcycle
 
          The  People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem-
        bly, do enact as follows:
 
     1    Section 1. Subdivision 3 of section 226 of  the  vehicle  and  traffic
     2  law,  as  amended  by  chapter 607 of the laws of 1993, paragraph (a) as
     3  amended by section 6 of part J of chapter 62 of the  laws  of  2003  and
     4  paragraph  (b)  as  amended  by section 2 of part K of chapter 59 of the
     5  laws of 2010, is amended to read as follows:
     6    3. Failure to answer or appear; entry of order.   (a)  If  the  person
     7  charged  with the violation shall fail to answer the summons as provided
     8  herein involving a violation of section  three  hundred  eighty-five  of
     9  this  chapter,  the  commissioner  may  suspend such person's license or
    10  driving privilege or, if the charge  involves  a  violation  of  section
    11  three  hundred  eighty-five[,  section  four hundred one or section five
    12  hundred eleven-a] of this chapter by a registrant who was not the opera-
    13  tor of the vehicle, the registration of such vehicle or the privilege of
    14  operation  of  any  motor  vehicle  owned  by  such  registrant  may  be
    15  suspended, until such person shall answer as provided in subdivision two
    16  of this section. If a person shall fail to appear at a hearing involving
    17  a  violation  of section three hundred eighty-five of this chapter, when
    18  such is provided for pursuant to this section, such person's license, or
 
         EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                              [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                                   LBD11167-09-0

        S. 5348--B                          2
 
     1  registration or privilege of operating or of operation, as  appropriate,
     2  may  be  suspended  pending  appearance  at a subsequent hearing, or the
     3  disposition of the charges involved. Any suspension  permitted  by  this
     4  subdivision,  if  already  in effect, may be terminated or if not yet in
     5  effect, may be withdrawn or withheld, prior to the  disposition  of  the
     6  charges  involved  if  such person shall appear and post security in the
     7  amount of forty dollars to  guarantee  his  or  her  appearance  at  any
     8  required hearing. The security posted pursuant to this subdivision shall
     9  be  returned  upon  appearance  at the scheduled hearing or an adjourned
    10  hearing which results in a final disposition of the charge,  and  other-
    11  wise  shall  be  forfeited. If a suspension has been imposed pursuant to
    12  this subdivision and the case is subsequently  transferred  pursuant  to
    13  subdivision two of section two hundred twenty-five of this article, such
    14  suspension  shall  remain in effect until the person answers the charges
    15  in the court to which the case was transferred.  Any  suspension  issued
    16  pursuant  to  this paragraph shall be subject to the provisions of para-
    17  graph (j-1) of subdivision two of section five  hundred  three  of  this
    18  chapter.
    19    (b) Failure to answer or appear in accordance with the requirements of
    20  this  section  and any regulations promulgated hereunder shall be deemed
    21  an admission to the violation as charged, and an appropriate  order  may
    22  be  entered  in the department's records, and a fine consistent with the
    23  provisions of this chapter and regulations of the  commissioner  may  be
    24  imposed  by  the  commissioner or person designated by the commissioner.
    25  Prior to entry of an order and imposition of a  fine,  the  commissioner
    26  shall  notify  such person by mail at the address of such person on file
    27  with the department or at the current address  provided  by  the  United
    28  States postal service in accordance with section two hundred fourteen of
    29  this [chapter] title:  (i) of the violation charged; (ii) of the impend-
    30  ing  entry of such order and fine; (iii) that such order and fine may be
    31  filed as a judgment with the county clerk of the  county  in  which  the
    32  operator or registrant is located; and (iv) that entry of such order and
    33  imposition  of  such fine may be avoided by entering a plea or making an
    34  appearance within thirty days of the sending of such notice. In no  case
    35  shall  such an order and fine be entered and imposed more than two years
    36  after the date of the alleged violation. Upon application in such manner
    37  and form as the commissioner shall prescribe an order and fine shall  be
    38  vacated upon the ground of excusable default.
    39    § 2. Section 226 of the vehicle and traffic law is amended by adding a
    40  new subdivision 1-a to read as follows:
    41    1-a.  Return  date  notifications.  The  commissioner shall notify any
    42  person who receives a summons and complaint for  any  traffic  violation
    43  specified  in subdivision one of section two hundred twenty-five of this
    44  article of the time and place of the return date for  such  summons,  no
    45  later  than  one week prior to such return date. The commissioner shall:
    46  (a) send such notification by first class mail at the  address  of  such
    47  person on file with the department or at the current address provided by
    48  the  United States postal service in accordance with section two hundred
    49  fourteen of this title; and (b) provide an  additional  notification  by
    50  text  message,  electronic  mail, or telephone call whenever the commis-
    51  sioner has the telephone number  or  electronic  mail  address  of  such
    52  person.
    53    § 3. Section 1802 of the vehicle and traffic law is amended to read as
    54  follows:
    55    § 1802. Receipts  for  fines  or  bail; installment payment plans.  1.
    56  Receipts for fines or bail. Upon receipt of the payment of any  fine  or

        S. 5348--B                          3
 
     1  penalty  collected  under  a  sentence  or  judgment  of conviction of a
     2  violation of any of the provisions of this chapter  or  any  local  law,
     3  ordinance,  order,  rule  or  regulation  made  by  local authorities in
     4  relation  to  traffic  or the deposit of bail of a person charged with a
     5  violation of any such provision, local law, ordinance,  order,  rule  or
     6  regulation,  the  officer  or employee receiving such payment or deposit
     7  shall issue a receipt therefor when the payment or deposit  is  made  in
     8  cash. Whenever any such payment or deposit is made by check, money order
     9  or  in  other  property,  the  officer or employee shall issue a receipt
    10  therefor upon request; provided,  however,  no  such  receipt  shall  be
    11  issued  where  a  fine  or  penalty  is paid by mail unless the name and
    12  address of the payee is known to such officer or  employee  or  enclosed
    13  with the payment.
    14    2. Installment payment plans. (a) Whenever fines and/or surcharges are
    15  imposed upon a natural person upon a conviction of a violation of any of
    16  the  provisions of this chapter or any local law, ordinance, order, rule
    17  or regulation made by local authorities in relation to traffic, or when-
    18  ever an order is entered pursuant to subdivision three  of  section  two
    19  hundred twenty-seven of this chapter, the court or hearing officer shall
    20  offer  such  person the opportunity to enter into an installment payment
    21  plan at no charge for the payment of such fines  and/or  surcharges  and
    22  any  related fees.  Any such installment payment plan shall be comprised
    23  of all fines, fees and mandatory surcharges and shall consist of monthly
    24  payments that do not exceed two percent of  such  person's  monthly  net
    25  income  or ten dollars per month, whichever is greater. For the purposes
    26  of this subdivision, the term "net  income"  shall  mean  such  person's
    27  total  income  from all sources and assets, minus deductions required by
    28  law  including  but  not  limited  to  administrative  or  court-ordered
    29  garnishments  and  support  payments.  A  court  or  hearing officer may
    30  require the submission of a  financial  disclosure  report,  on  a  form
    31  prescribed  by  the commissioner, from all persons who opt to enter into
    32  installment payment plans. A court or hearing officer  also  may  accept
    33  payments  higher  than  the set amount, but may not undertake additional
    34  collection activity so long as the person meets his or  her  obligations
    35  under  the  installment  payment  plan.  A  court or hearing officer may
    36  require persons entering installment payment  plans  to  appear  period-
    37  ically before such court or hearing officer, but no more frequently than
    38  annually,  to  assess  their  financial circumstances, and may set a new
    39  payment amount if such person's financial circumstances have changed.  A
    40  person  who  enters  into  an installment payment plan and experiences a
    41  reduction in income may petition the court or  hearing  officer  at  any
    42  time to seek a reduction in the monthly payment.
    43    (b)  The  court  or  hearing  officer shall have the discretion in the
    44  interests of justice to reduce or waive the amount of any fine,  fee  or
    45  mandatory surcharge assessed for a violation of any of the provisions of
    46  this chapter or any local law, ordinance, order, rule or regulation made
    47  by local authorities in relation to traffic.
    48    (c) A person assessed a fine, fee and/or mandatory surcharge following
    49  a conviction for a violation of any of the provisions of this chapter or
    50  any  local  law,  ordinance,  order,  rule  or  regulation made by local
    51  authorities in relation to traffic, or the entering of an order pursuant
    52  to subdivision three of section two hundred twenty-seven of  this  chap-
    53  ter, shall be notified of their right to an installment payment plan (a)
    54  at  the  time  the summons is issued; (b) at the time of sentencing; and
    55  (c) in any communication concerning imposition or collection of a  fine,
    56  fee  or  mandatory  surcharge.  Information  about  the  availability of

        S. 5348--B                          4
 
     1  installment payment plans shall be prominently posted, in  a  clear  and
     2  conspicuous  manner:  at  each court and administrative tribunal and its
     3  website, if any, and on the commissioner's website.
     4    §  4.  Paragraph  a of subdivision 4 of section 227 of the vehicle and
     5  traffic law, as amended by section 7 of part J of chapter 62 of the laws
     6  of 2003, is amended to read as follows:
     7    a. An order entered upon the failure to answer or appear or after  the
     8  receipt  of  an  answer admitting the charge or where a determination is
     9  made that the charge has been established shall be civil in nature,  but
    10  shall  be  treated as a conviction for the purposes of this chapter. The
    11  commissioner or his designee may include in such order an imposition  of
    12  any penalty authorized by any provision of this chapter for a conviction
    13  of such violation, except that no penalty therefore shall include impri-
    14  sonment,  nor,  if  monetary,  exceed the amount of the fine which could
    15  have been imposed had the charge been heard by a  court.  [The]  If  the
    16  charge involves a violation of section three hundred eighty-five of this
    17  chapter, the driver's license or privileges may be suspended pending the
    18  payment  of  any  penalty  so  imposed,  or,  if  the  charge involves a
    19  violation of section three hundred eighty-five [or section four  hundred
    20  one]  of  this  chapter  by a registrant who was not the operator of the
    21  vehicle, the registration of such vehicle or privilege of  operation  of
    22  any  motor vehicle owned by such registrant may be suspended pending the
    23  payment of any penalty so imposed. Any  suspension  issued  pursuant  to
    24  this  paragraph shall be subject to the provisions of paragraph (j-1) of
    25  subdivision two of section five hundred three of this chapter.
    26    § 5. Subdivision 4-a of section 510 of the vehicle and traffic law, as
    27  added by section 10 of part J of chapter 62 of  the  laws  of  2003  and
    28  paragraph  (c) as amended by chapter 157 of the laws of 2017, is amended
    29  to read as follows:
    30    4-a. Suspension for failure to answer an appearance ticket or to pay a
    31  fine. (a) Upon receipt of a court  notification  of  the  failure  of  a
    32  person  to appear within sixty days of the return date or new subsequent
    33  adjourned date, pursuant to an appearance ticket  charging  said  person
    34  with  a  violation of any [of the provisions of this chapter (except one
    35  for parking, stopping, or standing), of any] violation of the tax law or
    36  of the transportation law regulating traffic [or of any lawful ordinance
    37  or regulation made by a local or public authority, relating  to  traffic
    38  (except  one for parking, stopping, or standing) or the failure to pay a
    39  fine imposed by a court] the  commissioner  or  his  or  her  agent  may
    40  suspend  the  driver's  license  or  privileges  of  such person pending
    41  receipt of notice from the  court  that  such  person  has  appeared  in
    42  response  to  such appearance ticket or has paid such fine. Such suspen-
    43  sion shall take effect no less than thirty days from the day upon  which
    44  notice  thereof is sent by the commissioner to the person whose driver's
    45  license or privileges are to be suspended. Any suspension issued  pursu-
    46  ant  to  this  paragraph shall be subject to the provisions of paragraph
    47  (j-l) of subdivision two of section five hundred three of this chapter.
    48    (b) The provisions of paragraph (a)  of  this  subdivision  shall  not
    49  apply  to  a  registrant  who  was  not operating a vehicle, but who was
    50  issued a summons or an appearance ticket  for  a  violation  of  section
    51  three  hundred  eighty-five,  section  four  hundred one or section five
    52  hundred eleven-a of this chapter. Upon the receipt of a court  notifica-
    53  tion  of  the  failure of such person to appear within sixty days of the
    54  return date or a new subsequent adjourned date, pursuant to  an  appear-
    55  ance  ticket charging said person with such violation, or the failure of
    56  such person to pay a fine imposed by a court, the commissioner or his or

        S. 5348--B                          5
 
     1  her agent may suspend  the  registration  of  the  vehicle  or  vehicles
     2  involved  in such violation or privilege of operation of any motor vehi-
     3  cle owned by the registrant pending receipt of  notice  from  the  court
     4  that  such  person has appeared in response to such appearance ticket or
     5  has paid such fine.   Such suspension shall take  effect  no  less  than
     6  thirty  days  from  the  day  upon  which  notice thereof is sent by the
     7  commissioner to the person whose registration  or  privilege  is  to  be
     8  suspended.  Any  suspension  issued  pursuant to this paragraph shall be
     9  subject to the provisions of  paragraph  (j-1)  of  subdivision  two  of
    10  section five hundred three of this chapter.
    11    (c) Upon receipt of notification from a traffic and parking violations
    12  agency  or  a  traffic  violations  agency of the failure of a person to
    13  appear within sixty days of the return date or new subsequent  adjourned
    14  date,  pursuant  to  an  appearance  ticket  charging said person with a
    15  violation of:
    16    (i) [any of the provisions of this chapter  except  one  for  parking,
    17  stopping or standing and except those violations described in paragraphs
    18  (a),  (b),  (d),  (e)  and (f) of subdivision two and in paragraphs (a),
    19  (b), (d), (e), (f) and (g) of subdivision two-a and in  paragraphs  (a),
    20  (b), (d), (e), (f) and (g) of subdivision two-b of section three hundred
    21  seventy-one of the general municipal law;
    22    (ii)]  section five hundred two or subdivision (a) of section eighteen
    23  hundred fifteen of the tax law; or
    24    [(iii)] (ii) section fourteen-f (except paragraph (b)  of  subdivision
    25  four of section fourteen-f), two hundred eleven or two hundred twelve of
    26  the transportation law[; or
    27    (iv)  any  lawful  ordinance  or  regulation made by a local or public
    28  authority relating to traffic  (except  one  for  parking,  stopping  or
    29  standing) or the failure to pay a fine imposed for such a violation by a
    30  traffic  and  parking violations agency or a traffic violations agency],
    31  the commissioner or his or her agent may suspend the driver's license or
    32  privileges of such person pending receipt of notice from the agency that
    33  such person has appeared in response to such appearance  ticket  or  has
    34  paid  such  fine.  Such suspension shall take effect no less than thirty
    35  days from the day upon which notice thereof is sent by the  commissioner
    36  to  the person whose driver's license or privileges are to be suspended.
    37  Any suspension issued pursuant to this paragraph shall be subject to the
    38  provisions of paragraph (j-1) of subdivision two of section five hundred
    39  three of this chapter.
    40    § 6. Subdivision 3 of section 514 of the vehicle and traffic  law,  as
    41  amended  by  section  11 of part J of chapter 62 of the laws of 2003 and
    42  paragraph (b) as amended by chapter 157 of the laws of 2017, is  amended
    43  to read as follows:
    44    3.  (a) Upon the failure of a person to appear or answer, within sixty
    45  days of the return date or any subsequent adjourned date, or the failure
    46  to pay a fine imposed by a court, pursuant to a summons charging him  or
    47  her  with  a  violation of any of the provisions of this chapter (except
    48  one for parking, stopping or standing), section five hundred two or five
    49  hundred twelve of the tax law, section fourteen-f, two hundred eleven or
    50  two hundred twelve of the transportation law or of any  law,  ordinance,
    51  rule  or  regulation  made  by  a  local  authority, relating to traffic
    52  (except for parking, stopping or standing), the trial court or the clerk
    53  thereof shall within ten days certify that fact to the commissioner,  in
    54  the manner and form prescribed by the commissioner, who shall record the
    55  same  in  his  or  her office. Thereafter and upon the appearance of any
    56  such person in response to such summons or the receipt of  the  fine  by

        S. 5348--B                          6
 
     1  the  court, the trial court or the clerk thereof shall forthwith certify
     2  that fact to the commissioner, in the manner and form prescribed by  the
     3  commissioner[;  provided,  however,  no such certification shall be made
     4  unless  the  court  has  collected  the  termination  of  suspension fee
     5  required to be paid pursuant to paragraph (j-1) of  subdivision  two  of
     6  section five hundred three of this chapter].
     7    (b)  Upon  the  failure  of a person to appear or answer, within sixty
     8  days of the return date or any subsequent adjourned date, or the failure
     9  to pay a fine imposed by a traffic and parking violations  agency  or  a
    10  traffic violations agency pursuant to a summons charging him or her with
    11  a violation of:
    12    (1)  any  of  the  provisions  of this chapter except one for parking,
    13  stopping or standing and except those violations described in paragraphs
    14  (a), (b), (d), (e) and (f) of subdivision two  and  in  paragraphs  (a),
    15  (b),  (d),  (e), (f) and (g) of subdivision two-a and in paragraphs (a),
    16  (b), (d), (e), (f) and (g) of subdivision two-b of section three hundred
    17  seventy-one of the general municipal law;
    18    (2) section five hundred two or subdivision (a)  of  section  eighteen
    19  hundred fifteen of the tax law;
    20    (3)  section  fourteen-f  (except paragraph (b) of subdivision four of
    21  section fourteen-f), two hundred eleven or two  hundred  twelve  of  the
    22  transportation law; or
    23    (4)  any  lawful  ordinance  or  regulation  made by a local or public
    24  authority relating to traffic  (except  one  for  parking,  stopping  or
    25  standing);
    26  the clerk thereof shall within ten days certify that fact to the commis-
    27  sioner, in the manner and form prescribed by the commissioner, who shall
    28  record the same in his or her office. Thereafter and upon the appearance
    29  of  any  such  person  in response to such summons or the receipt of the
    30  fine by the agency, the traffic and parking violations agency, the traf-
    31  fic violations agency or the clerk thereof shall forthwith certify  that
    32  fact  to  the  commissioner,  in  the  manner and form prescribed by the
    33  commissioner[; provided, however, no such certification  shall  be  made
    34  unless  the  traffic  and  parking  violations  agency  or  the  traffic
    35  violations agency  has  collected  the  termination  of  suspension  fee
    36  required  to  be  paid pursuant to paragraph (j-1) of subdivision two of
    37  section five hundred three of this chapter].
    38    § 7. Termination of suspension for failure to appear, answer or pay  a
    39  fine.  a. Within three months of the effective date of this section, the
    40  commissioner of  motor  vehicles  shall  terminate  all  suspensions  of
    41  licenses,  privileges to operate a motor vehicle and registrations based
    42  upon a failure to appear, answer, or pay a fine,  penalty  or  mandatory
    43  surcharge  pursuant  to  subdivision  3 of section 226, subdivision 4 of
    44  section 227, or subdivision 4-a of section 510 of the vehicle and  traf-
    45  fic  law,  in  effect  prior  to the effective date of this section. The
    46  commissioner of motor vehicles shall waive all fees and fines associated
    47  with the termination of such suspension, including but  not  limited  to
    48  those  described in subparagraph (i) of paragraph (j-1) of subdivision 2
    49  of section 503, subdivision 3 of section 514 and paragraph a of subdivi-
    50  sion 4 of section 227 of the vehicle and traffic law,  as  in  existence
    51  prior to the effective date of this section. Provided, however, that the
    52  provisions of this section shall not apply to suspensions imposed pursu-
    53  ant  to such sections involving violations of section 385 of the vehicle
    54  and traffic law, or any violation of the tax law or of  the  transporta-
    55  tion law regulating traffic.

        S. 5348--B                          7

     1    b.  Upon  termination  of  suspensions  pursuant  to this section, the
     2  commissioner of motor vehicles  shall  give  the  person  whose  license
     3  and/or  registration suspension is terminated pursuant to this section a
     4  written notification by first class mail to the address of  such  person
     5  on  file with the department of motor vehicles or at the current address
     6  provided by the United States postal service. Such notice  shall  inform
     7  such person of the termination of the suspension of their license and/or
     8  registration,  the  date  of such termination, that continued failure to
     9  answer the violation for which the suspension for failure to answer  was
    10  originally imposed may subject such person to the entry of a guilty plea
    11  on  their  behalf  and  the rendering of a default judgment of a fine as
    12  well as additional enforcement actions including  garnishment  of  wages
    13  and  personal property, restraining of bank accounts, and the placing of
    14  liens on real property, and that unpaid fines can be entered as a  civil
    15  judgment for enforcement. Such notice also shall provide instructions on
    16  how  such  person  can  avoid  the  imposition  of such additional plea,
    17  default, and enforcement actions.
    18    § 8. This act shall take effect on the ninetieth day  after  it  shall
    19  have  become a law provided, however, sections two and seven of this act
    20  shall take effect the first of April next succeeding the date upon which
    21  it shall have become a law.  Effective immediately, the addition, amend-
    22  ment and/or repeal of any rule or regulation necessary for the implemen-
    23  tation of this act on its effective date are authorized to be  made  and
    24  completed on or before such effective date.
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