|SAME AS||SAME AS S00180|
|Add S440.75, CP L|
|Establishes the earned amnesty act of 2015 authorizing, upon petition therefor, the expungement of certain convictions after 10 years.|
|03/20/2015||referred to codes|
|01/06/2016||referred to codes|
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NEW YORK STATE ASSEMBLY
MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF LEGISLATION
submitted in accordance with Assembly Rule III, Sec 1(f)
BILL NUMBER: A6374 SPONSOR: Ortiz
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the criminal procedure law, in relation to establishing the earned amnesty act of 2015; and providing for the repeal of such provisions upon expiration thereof   PURPOSE: Authorizes the expungement of certain convictions after 10 years.   SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS: Section 1 Short Title. This act shall be known and may be cited as "the earned amnesty act of 2015". Section 2. Amends the criminal procedure law by adding a new section 440.75. Provides that any person who has been previously convicted of a crime, after the expiration of ten years from the date of his or her conviction and who has successfully completed the terms of his or her sentence, may present a verified petition to the appropriate court seek- ing an order that such conviction and all records and information pertaining thereto be expunged. Provides that a copy of the petition for expungement and all supporting documents shall be served upon: (1) the District Attorney serving the County of conviction; (2) the Superinten- dent of the State Police and the Police Department in the jurisdiction of conviction; (3) the Judge or Justice who imposed sentence or if not serving the Administrative Or Supervising Judge in the jurisdiction where the conviction was entered; and, (4) the victim of the crime sought to be expunged. States that within ninety days of the filing of the petition, the court may grant an order directing the Clerk of the Court and all relevant criminal justice and law enforcement agencies to expunge all records of said disposition including but not limited to all evidence of arrest, detention, conviction, sentence and proceedings related thereto. Specifies the offenses for which a petition of expunge- ment is prohibited. Requires the Chief Judge of the Court of Appeals to file an annual report on or before May first for the preceding calendar year, with the Governor, the Speaker and Minority Leader of the Assem- bly, and the Temporary President and Minority Leader of the Senate, regarding the number of expungement applications filed and their dispo- sitions. Section 3. Effective Date   JUSTIFICATION: Arrest and subsequent conviction can have devastating impacts on an individual, his or her family and community. Not unlike a school grade, which goes on our permanent record, a criminal conviction carries a devastating lifelong stigma that impacts emotionally, socially, and economically. It has been described as a debt that is never deemed fully paid. The time to revisit and end this notion has arrived. For too long we have permanently branded people, and imposed severe collateral conse- quences on them. Their greatest sin was a single, and in many cases youthful, judgmental error. We provide a basis to "clean up" our finan- cial errors (Bankruptcy Court), but where does a fully rehabilitated defendant go to attempt to clean the slate of a single prior non-violent conviction? This legislation is a focused template for providing limited expungement to demonstrably rehabilitated offenders who have affirmatively demon- strated that they are both effectively rehabilitated and have earned the right to "clean the slate." The potential benefits to "earned amnesty" are incalculable. The emotional costs borne by the ex-offender and the offender's family are little short of significant, and disabling. By allowing ex-offenders to atone, we provide access to a mechanism to liberate them to achieve greater economic and social success. Greater potential income yields and enhanced economic opportunity generates higher tax revenue.   LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: 2014: A 4209A Amend and Recommit to Codes 2013: A.4209 Referred to Codes 2012: A.9063 Referred to Codes   FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: To be determined   EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect on the first of January next succeeding the date upon which it shall have become law and shall expire on December 31, 2019 when upon such date the provisions of this act shall be deemed repealed.
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STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 6374 2015-2016 Regular Sessions IN ASSEMBLY March 20, 2015 ___________ Introduced by M. of A. ORTIZ -- read once and referred to the Committee on Codes AN ACT to amend the criminal procedure law, in relation to establishing the earned amnesty act of 2015; and providing for the repeal of such provisions upon expiration thereof The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem- bly, do enact as follows: 1 Section 1. Short title. This act shall be known and may be cited as 2 "the earned amnesty act of 2015". 3 § 2. The criminal procedure law is amended by adding a new section 4 440.75 to read as follows: 5 § 440.75 Petition for expungement of records for the innocent, dismissed 6 cases, and the falsely arrested. 7 1. Except as provided for in this section, any person who has been 8 previously convicted of any offense under the laws of this state and who 9 has not been convicted of any prior or subsequent offense in this state, 10 another state, or by the United States may, after the expiration of a 11 period of ten years from the date of his or her conviction, satisfactory 12 completion of his or her probation, parole, supervised release and paid 13 any fines imposed or restitution ordered, whichever is later, may pres- 14 ent a verified petition to the criminal term of the supreme court in the 15 county of conviction or the county court in the county of conviction 16 seeking an order that such conviction and all records and information 17 pertaining thereto be expunged. 18 2. (a) A copy of the petition for expungement together with a copy of 19 all supporting documents shall be served upon: 20 (i) the district attorney serving the county of conviction; 21 (ii) the superintendent of the state police and the police department 22 in the jurisdiction of conviction; EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD01591-01-5A. 6374 2 1 (iii) the judge or justice who imposed sentence or if not serving the 2 administrative or supervising judge in the jurisdiction where the 3 conviction was entered; and 4 (iv) the victim of the offense sought to be expunged. 5 (b) Within ninety days of the filing of the petition, if there is no 6 objection from the law enforcement agencies notified or from those 7 offices or agencies required to be served and the petitioner is not 8 disqualified from obtaining an order of expungement, the court may grant 9 an order directing the clerk of the court and all relevant criminal 10 justice and law enforcement agencies to expunge all records of said 11 disposition including, but not limited to all evidence of arrest, 12 detention, conviction, sentence and proceedings related thereto. 13 (c) In the event none of the persons or agencies required to be noti- 14 fied pursuant to paragraph (a) of this subdivision, has filed any writ- 15 ten objection to the relief sought, the court may nonetheless deny the 16 relief sought if it concludes by a preponderance of the evidence that 17 the petitioner is not entitled to relief if: 18 (i) any statutory prerequisite is not fulfilled or there is any other 19 basis for denying relief; 20 (ii) the conviction sought to be expunged at the time of the hearing 21 is the subject of civil litigation between petitioner and the state or 22 any political subdivision thereof; 23 (iii) petitioner has had any previous criminal conviction expunged in 24 this or any other state; or 25 (iv) the court finds that petitioner has either not been rehabilitated 26 or that the order of expungement is not in the interest of justice. 27 (d) The court may conditionally grant an order of expungement based 28 upon the performance of community service. For a conviction of a: 29 (i) class B felony, the petitioner shall complete five hundred hours 30 of community service; 31 (ii) class C felony, the petitioner shall complete three hundred hours 32 of community service; 33 (iii) class D felony, the petitioner shall complete two hundred hours 34 of community service; 35 (iv) class E felony, the petitioner shall complete one hundred hours 36 of community service; 37 (v) class A misdemeanor, the petitioner shall complete fifty hours of 38 community service; and 39 (vi) class B misdemeanor, the petitioner shall complete twenty-five 40 hours of community service. 41 (e) Upon receiving satisfactory proof that the imposed term of commu- 42 nity service has been performed and the district attorney has verified 43 the performance the court may grant a final order of expungement. 44 3. Records of conviction for the following offenses specified by the 45 penal law and the vehicle and traffic law shall not be subject to 46 expungement pursuant to this section: 47 (a) all class A felonies; 48 (b) all violent felony offenses; 49 (c) all violations of article one hundred thirty of the penal law for 50 which a defendant was required to register under article six-C of the 51 correction law; 52 (d) all crimes committed by a person holding any public office posi- 53 tion or employment elective or appointive under the government of this 54 state or any agency or political subdivision if the offense of 55 conviction involved the office or position of employment.A. 6374 3 1 4. Every petition for expungement filed pursuant to this section shall 2 be verified under the penalty of perjury and shall include: 3 (a) petitioner's date of birth; 4 (b) petitioner's date of arrest; 5 (c) the section of law under which the petitioner was convicted; 6 (d) the original indictment, superior court information or complaint; 7 (e) a certificate of disposition with the seal of the court from the 8 court of conviction; and 9 (f) the name of the judge or justice who imposed the sentence. 10 5. This section shall apply to convictions which occurred prior to and 11 which are entered subsequent to the effective date of this section. 12 6. The chief judge of the court of appeals shall annually file a 13 report with the governor, the speaker and minority leader of the assem- 14 bly and the temporary president and minority leader of the senate on or 15 before May first for the preceding calendar year reporting by judicial 16 district upon the number of expungement applications filed and their 17 dispositions. 18 § 3. This act shall take effect on the first of January next succeed- 19 ing the date upon which it shall have become a law and shall expire 20 December 31, 2019 when upon such date the provisions of this act shall 21 be deemed repealed.