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A01468 Summary:

BILL NOA01468
 
SAME ASNo Same As
 
SPONSORCrouch
 
COSPNSRMcDonough, Raia, Morinello
 
MLTSPNSRErrigo
 
Add 250.44, amd 250.40, 250.60 & 250.65, Pen L
 
Establishes the crime of unlawful surveillance in the third degree; provides that no person shall videotape a child under the age of twelve in a day care, group family day care, or family day care without proper consent.
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A01468 Actions:

BILL NOA01468
 
01/12/2017referred to codes
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A01468 Memo:

NEW YORK STATE ASSEMBLY
MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF LEGISLATION
submitted in accordance with Assembly Rule III, Sec 1(f)
 
BILL NUMBER: A1468
 
SPONSOR: Crouch
  TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the penal law, in relation to unlawful surveillance in the third degree   PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL: To establish the crime of unlawful surveillance in the third degree.   SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS: Section 1. The penal law is amended by adding a new section 250.44 Unlawful surveillance in the third degree. Section 2. The opening paragraph of section 250.40 of the penal law, as added by chapter 69 of the laws of 2003, is amended to read as follows: adds definitions to sections 250.44, 250.45,250.50, 250.55, and 250.60 of this article. Section 3. Section 250.60 of the penal law, as added by chapter 69 of the laws of 2003 and subdivision 1 as amended by chapter 193 of the laws of 2014, and subdivision 2 as amended by chapter 157 of the laws of 2003 defines dissemination of an unlawful surveillance image in the first degree. Section 4. Subdivision 1 of section 250.65 of the penal law, as added by chapter 69 of the laws of 2003 is amended.   JUSTIFICATION: This legislation would prevent child predators from videotaping children for their own gratification while the child is attending day care. Day care facilities are meant to assist parents/legal guardians to care for their children not for child predators to seek an opportunity to prey on their children. If a predator is caught unlawfully surveillance children in a day care facility he/she will be prosecuted to the third degree.   PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: This is a new bill.   FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: None.   EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect on the first of November next succeeding the date on which it shall have become a law.
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A01468 Text:



 
                STATE OF NEW YORK
        ________________________________________________________________________
 
                                          1468
 
                               2017-2018 Regular Sessions
 
                   IN ASSEMBLY
 
                                    January 12, 2017
                                       ___________
 
        Introduced by M. of A. CROUCH, McDONOUGH, RAIA -- read once and referred
          to the Committee on Codes
 
        AN  ACT  to amend the penal law, in relation to unlawful surveillance in
          the third degree
 
          The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and  Assem-
        bly, do enact as follows:

     1    Section  1. The penal law is amended by adding a new section 250.44 to
     2  read as follows:
     3  § 250.44 Unlawful surveillance in the third degree.
     4    A person is guilty of unlawful surveillance in the third degree  when,
     5  for  his  or  her  own,  or  another  person's amusement, entertainment,
     6  profit, or sexual arousal or sexual  gratification,  he  or  she  inten-
     7  tionally uses or installs, or permits the utilization or installation of
     8  an  imaging device to record a child under the age of twelve, while such
     9  child is attending a day care, group family day care, or family day care
    10  without such child's parent's or legal guardian's knowledge and consent,
    11  or the knowledge and consent of any person charged  with  the  temporary
    12  care  or  custody of such child. Knowledge and consent shall be presumed
    13  to have been obtained where the person using or installing or permitting
    14  the utilization or installation of an imaging  device  is  a  parent  or
    15  legal  guardian  of  a  child  being recorded or acting at such person's
    16  request, provided such recording is not being  done  surreptitiously  or
    17  for the sexual arousal or sexual gratification of the person undertaking
    18  the recording or another person.
    19    Unlawful surveillance in the third degree is a class A misdemeanor.
    20    §  2.  The  opening  paragraph  of section 250.40 of the penal law, as
    21  added by chapter 69 of the laws of 2003, is amended to read as follows:
    22    The following definitions shall  apply  to  sections  250.44,  250.45,
    23  250.50, 250.55 and 250.60 of this article:
    24    §  3.  Section  250.60 of the penal law, as added by chapter 69 of the
    25  laws of 2003, subdivision 1 as amended by chapter 193  of  the  laws  of
 
         EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                              [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                                   LBD04328-01-7

        A. 1468                             2
 
     1  2014,  and  subdivision 2 as amended by chapter 157 of the laws of 2003,
     2  is amended to read as follows:
     3  § 250.60 Dissemination  of  an  unlawful surveillance image in the first
     4             degree.
     5    A person is guilty of dissemination of an unlawful surveillance  image
     6  in the first degree when:
     7    1. He or she, with knowledge of the unlawful conduct by which an image
     8  or  images  of  the  sexual or other intimate parts of another person or
     9  persons were obtained and such unlawful conduct would satisfy the essen-
    10  tial elements of the crime of unlawful surveillance in the  first  [or],
    11  second  or  third  degree,  as  defined, respectively, in section 250.50
    12  [or], 250.45 or 250.44 of this article, sells or publishes such image or
    13  images; or
    14    2. Having created a surveillance image in violation of section 250.44,
    15  250.45 or 250.50 of this article, or in violation  of  the  law  in  any
    16  other  jurisdiction  which  includes  all  of  the essential elements of
    17  either such crime, or having acted as an accomplice to  such  crime,  or
    18  acting  as  an  agent  to the person who committed such crime, he or she
    19  intentionally disseminates such unlawfully created image; or
    20    3. He or she  commits  the  crime  of  dissemination  of  an  unlawful
    21  surveillance  image  in  the  second  degree  and  has  been  previously
    22  convicted within the past ten years  of  dissemination  of  an  unlawful
    23  surveillance image in the first [or], second or third degree.
    24    Dissemination of an unlawful surveillance image in the first degree is
    25  a class E felony.
    26    §  4.  Subdivision  1  of section 250.65 of the penal law, as added by
    27  chapter 69 of the laws of 2003, is amended to read as follows:
    28    1. The provisions of  sections  250.44,  250.45,  250.50,  250.55  and
    29  250.60  of  this  article  do  not  apply  with  respect to any: (a) law
    30  enforcement personnel engaged in the conduct of their authorized duties;
    31  (b) security system wherein a written notice is conspicuously posted  on
    32  the premises stating that a video surveillance system has been installed
    33  for the purpose of security; or (c) video surveillance devices installed
    34  in such a manner that their presence is clearly and immediately obvious.
    35    § 5. This act shall take effect on the first of November next succeed-
    36  ing the date on which it shall have become a law.
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