|SAME AS||SAME AS S03503|
|Amd §502, V & T L|
|Requires drivers between 16 and 25 years of age to take and pass the national safety council course, or a similar nationally recognized course in order to obtain a license or upon conviction of a moving violation.|
|01/20/2017||referred to transportation|
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NEW YORK STATE ASSEMBLY
MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF LEGISLATION
submitted in accordance with Assembly Rule III, Sec 1(f)
BILL NUMBER: A2678 SPONSOR: Skartados
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in relation to requiring drivers between sixteen and twenty-five years of age to take and pass the national safety council course, or a similar nationally approved course approved by the department of motor vehicles in order to obtain a license or upon conviction of a moving violation   PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL: This law will require as a prerequisite to receiving a license, a driver under the age of 25 take either the National Safety Council "Alive at 25" course, or a similar course recognized by the Motor Vehicle Bureau that teaches safe behavior and driver attitude. In addition, any driver under 25 who has not, previously taken the course will be required to do so if they receive a moving violation.   SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS: Amend NY Vehicle and Traffic Law by the insertion of the following: An applicant for a Class A license who is at least 16, but not more than 25 years of age; shall be required to take and pass the national safety council course, or a similar nationally-approved course approved by the Motor Vehicle Department, relating to young driver's attitudes-and behaviors behind the wheel. The course must be not less than four hours or more than five hours, consisting of classroom instruction relating to the effects of driver inexperience peer pressure and distractions such as cell phones and texting; why young drivers have such high crash and violation rates and how driving behaviors, and attitudes contribute; hazard recognition; adopting safe driving behaviors and practices, and responsibilities of passengers. Any licensed driver at least 16 years of age but not more than 25 years of age, who is convicted of a moving violation shall be required to take or retake and pass the same course.   JUSTIFICATION: The justification of this law is based on the overwhelming evidence of death, injury and damage caused by the destructive driving habits of young drivers; and the proven benefits those driving programs which modify attitude and behavior will have to reduce accidents and save lives. New York State Department of Motor Vehicles Summary of Speed-Related Motor Vehicle Crashes in 2012 indicates that 22.6% of all crashes due to excess speed are committed by male drivers between the ages of 18-24. Both male and female drivers in that age category represent the greatest number of drivers who speed and crash. The tragic result of speeding committed by drivers 18-25 years of age caused 92 crashes with fatali- ties, 2545 crashes with personal injuries and 3310 crashes with claims of property damage. In New York State drivers in high school must take a driver education program or pre-licensing courses that teaches state law and the mechan- ics of car and road handling. Research by the National Safety 'Council (NSC) "shows that young drivers do have knowledge of driving methods and traffic laws; however, because of their inexperience and casual atti- tudes towards driving, they often use poor judgment and/or make poor driving choices when they are behind the wheel." The NSC course "Alive at 25" is a complement to standard driver educa- tion programs. "Alive at 25" focuses on driver behavior, judgment, deci- sion making and consequences, and provides tools for making positive choices. The program's focus is to persuade attendees to take responsi- bility for their behavior in driving situations and to adopt safe driv- ing practices. It is taught in 26 states (including New York) often as a state mandate-after a serious traffic violation has occurred. Behavioral and attitude driving courses are effective. Since 1995, more than 850,000 young drivers have learned life saving defensive driving skills from Alive at 25 training. Since South Carolina's Alive at 25 program kicked off in 2007, the state's death toll among drivers 15-24 has dropped by 37%. In 2003, the Colorado State Patrol evaluations showed Alive at 25 graduates have a fatality rate of over 70% below the national average. In addition, the under age 20 fatal rate in Colorado dropped by 50% in 2005. The evidence that we need to teach positive driving habits and attitudes before accidents take place and before remedial action is rewired is as follows: According to the NSC "Every year, drivers under the age of 25 are involved in more than six million collisions resulting in 14,000 fatalities. Traffic crashes are the leading cause of death for young drivers (National Safety Council, Injury Facts). In New York State, drivers under the age of 25 were involved in more than 90,000 collisions resulting in more than 315 fatal crashes including all persons."   PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: A.9063 - 03/12/14 referred to transportation. A.426 - 01/06/16 referred to transportation.   FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: The Department of Motor Vehicles will establish a fee to include all costs required Co process information related to this law. The process- ing fee will be included in the driver's course application fee.   EFFECTIVE DATE: The first of January next succeeding the date upon which it shall have become a law.
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STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 2678 2017-2018 Regular Sessions IN ASSEMBLY January 20, 2017 ___________ Introduced by M. of A. SKARTADOS -- read once and referred to the Committee on Transportation AN ACT to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in relation to requiring drivers between sixteen and twenty-five years of age to take and pass the national safety council course, or a similar nationally approved course approved by the department of motor vehicles in order to obtain a license or upon conviction of a moving violation The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem- bly, do enact as follows: 1 Section 1. Subdivision 2 of section 502 of the vehicle and traffic law 2 is amended by adding a new paragraph (c-1) to read as follows: 3 (c-1) As a prerequisite to receiving a license, an applicant for a 4 class D license who is at least sixteen but not more than twenty-five 5 years of age shall be required to take and pass the national safety 6 council course, or a similar nationally recognized course approved by 7 the department, relating to young driver's attitudes and behaviors 8 behind the wheel. The course must be not less than four hours or more 9 than five hours, consisting of classroom instruction relating to the 10 effects of driver inexperience, peer pressure and distractions such as 11 cell phones and texting; why young drivers have such high crash 12 violation rates and how driving behaviors and attitudes contribute; 13 hazard recognition; adopting safe driving behaviors and practices, and 14 responsibilities of passengers. Any licensed driver at least eighteen 15 but not more than twenty-five years of age who is convicted of a moving 16 violation shall be required to take and pass the national safety council 17 course, or a similar nationally recognized course approved by the 18 department, relating to young driver's attitudes and behaviors behind 19 the wheel. 20 § 2. The commissioner of the department of motor vehicles will estab- 21 lish an application fee for the driver safety course described in 22 section one of this act, as he or she deems appropriate. The fee shall EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD01649-01-7A. 2678 2 1 be paid by applicants for a class D license who are under the age of 2 twenty-five. All revenues generated by such fees shall be expended to 3 cover the costs of implementing the driver's safety course program and 4 the processing of any information necessary to implementing the program. 5 § 3. This act shall take effect on the first of January next succeed- 6 ing the date upon which it shall have become a law.