A05275 Summary:

Add Art 27 Title 31 SS27-3101 - 27-3109, En Con L
Provides for the recovery, reuse and recycling of hardcover books; prohibits the disposal as solid waste and incineration of hardcover books.
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A05275 Actions:

02/17/2015referred to environmental conservation
01/06/2016referred to environmental conservation
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A05275 Memo:

submitted in accordance with Assembly Rule III, Sec 1(f)
SPONSOR: Englebright
  TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the environmental conservation law, in relation to recovery, reuse and recycling of hardcover books   PURPOSE OF THE BILL:   SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:   JUSTIFICATION: There are substantial quantities of hardcover books being deposited into landfills, despite the availability of markets for their processing and recycling. Recycling and reprocessing of soft cover books has been occurring for years as mixed paper in residential and commercial recycl- ing programs. However, hardcover books have faced obstacles to recycling principally due to their bindings and covers. Nevertheless, it appears that recycling of hardcover books is both economically and environ- mentally viable. Because hardcover books are often collected with other paper, it is difficult to obtain accurate recycling information. Hardcover books are often collected at no cost by recyclers, and the source agencies do not keep records on these quantities. In general, residential curbside collection programs generally process hardcover books as mixed paper; therefore it is difficult to quantify collection costs. Libraries and schools maintain separate storage, hilt savings from reduced garbage collection and disposal offset these costs. A survey conducted by the Assembly Legislative Commission on Solid Waste Management of the State's larger cities and their counties, subsequently identifying municipalities and private companies that are recycling hardcover books. Some examples of the survey results are: Oneida-Herkimer Solid Waste Authority has operated a voluntary free drop-off of hardcover books at its recycling center in Utica since 2006 and two highly successful one-day collection events at City of Rome Library. The Authority requires residents, libraries, schools, busi- nesses and other generators to drop of hardcover books directly at the Recycling Center in Utica, where the books are segregated and marketed separately. The Authority delivers the books to a scrap paper processor at no cost where the books are baled and exported for final recycling. Approximately 50 tons of hardcover books are recycled annually, includ- ing about 10 tons from the library collection events. The Authority identified the lack of consistent reliable markets as the largest imped- iment, as well as identifying appropriate staff in agencies, schools, libraries, etc. to ensure the unwanted books are properly collected and segregated. The Authority estimates annual handling costs are modest and off-set by avoided disposal costs. Broome County accepts hardcover books with other paper products from residential curbside recycling. Schools, libraries, and businesses recy- cle larger quantities of hardcover books directly with area paper recy- clers. City of Rochester accepts hardcover books with other paper products from residential curbside recycling; the books are transported to and proc- essed at the Monroe County Materials Recovery Facility. Rochester expe- rienced no significant increase in costs for collecting hardcover books. Erie County partners with Cascades Recovery US to collect hardcover books from the County Library, the County law office and other depart- ments, as well as Buffalo and other area school districts. Onondaga County collected hardcover books from 2004 - 2010 at a special drop-off center; this collection stopped in 2010 due to rent and person- nel costs. Their contractor for taking all books was Hanna Paper in Buffalo. They also identified a company (Folletts) that takes back text- books, as well as agencies, including libraries that will take hardcover books. Onondaga County allowed community organizations and schools to "harvest" books before shipping,to Hanna. Onondaga County estimates that it has collected approximately 660 tons of hardcover books between 2004 and 2010. The County noted that adequate shipping containers were a challenge solved by using unwanted watermelon crates. The County did not recover any costs because of storage space and labor costs. NYS Office of General Services (OGS) receives approximately 4 tons of hard and soft cover books a month through their recycling program at the Empire State Plaza. Since August 2011, OGS has contracted with Cascades Recycling US to recycle paper as well as hard and soft cover books. According to OGS, all facilities operated statewide recycle paper, including hard cover books. Cascades Recovery US has a major presence in upstate New York, with paper mills in Canada that buy and use scrap paper. The company is increasing hardcover book recovery as a means of obtaining more recycled paper. Cascades contracts with OGS to take office paper, including hard- cover books, from the Empire State Plaza (ESP), the State Office Campus, the A.E. Smith Building, the Capital and the Ten Eyck building. Cascades has also bid on a paper contract with the State Education Department. Cascades note that technological advances in shredding and processing at the paper mills are overcoming the problems associated with hardcover bindings and covers for processing and recycling.   PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: 2013: A 1767 Maisel; S3834 Farley   FISCAL IMPLICATIONS FOR STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS: None.   EFFECTIVE DATE: This act would take effect immediately.
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A05275 Text:

                STATE OF NEW YORK
                               2015-2016 Regular Sessions
                   IN ASSEMBLY
                                    February 17, 2015
        Introduced  by  M.  of  A.  ENGLEBRIGHT -- read once and referred to the
          Committee on Environmental Conservation
        AN ACT to amend the  environmental  conservation  law,  in  relation  to
          recovery, reuse and recycling of hardcover books
          The  People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem-
        bly, do enact as follows:
     1    Section 1. Article 27 of the environmental conservation law is amended
     2  by adding a new title 31 to read as follows:
     3                                  TITLE 31
     5  Section 27-3101. Definition.
     6          27-3103. Disposal of hardcover books; prohibited.
     7          27-3105. Department responsibilities.
     8          27-3107. Responsibilities of municipalities.
     9          27-3109. Hardcover book recyclers.
    10  § 27-3101. Definition.
    11    As used in this title, "hardcover book" means a book bound  in  cloth,
    12  cardboard or leather. Such term shall not include paperback books.
    13  § 27-3103. Disposal of hardcover books; prohibited.
    14    It  shall be unlawful to dispose of a hardcover book as solid waste or
    15  to incinerate a hardcover book.
    16  § 27-3105. Department responsibilities.
    17    The department shall:
    18    1. inventory  existing  voluntary  municipal  solid  waste  management
    19  programs  that  include recovery, reuse and recycling of hardcover books
    20  and make the information derived from such inventory  available  to  all
    21  municipalities.  When municipalities establish their permanent programs,
    22  this information shall also be shared with other municipalities;
    23    2.  prominently post information about municipal hardcover book recov-
    24  ery, reuse, and recycling programs on its website; and
         EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                              [ ] is old law to be omitted.

        A. 5275                             2
     1    3. ensure that all municipalities are notified of the  hardcover  book
     2  disposal prohibition and the requirements of this title.
     3  § 27-3107. Responsibilities of municipalities.
     4    Municipalities are encouraged to establish programs to collect, redis-
     5  tribute,  reuse  and recycle unwanted books. Municipalities may contract
     6  with third party organizations or businesses for the collection,  redis-
     7  tribution  and  recycling  of unwanted hardcover books.   Municipalities
     8  shall send all information describing the establishment and  implementa-
     9  tion  of  their  voluntary  programs  to recover, redistribute, reuse or
    10  recycle hardcover books to the department.
    11    Within two years of the effective date of this  title,  every  munici-
    12  pality  shall  establish  a  program  to recover, redistribute, reuse or
    13  recycle hardcover books. Municipalities  may  establish  joint  programs
    14  with other municipalities, or contract with third party organizations or
    15  businesses  to  recover, redistribute, reuse or recycle hardcover books.
    16  Municipalities shall send all information describing  the  establishment
    17  and  implementation of their programs to recover, redistribute, reuse or
    18  recycle hardcover books to the department.
    19    Municipalities shall keep records of their  hardcover  book  recovery,
    20  reuse,  redistribution  and  recycling  programs,  including tonnages of
    21  books collected, books redistributed for reuse, books recycled  and  the
    22  recycling companies utilized.
    23  § 27-3109. Hardcover book recyclers.
    24    Every  person or entity engaged in the recovery and recycling of hard-
    25  cover books shall annually provide documentation to  the  department  of
    26  the  tonnage  of  hardcover  books  received from each municipality with
    27  which it contracts, and the persons or entities to  which  the  recycled
    28  hardcover books are sent.
    29    § 2. This act shall take effect immediately.
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