A08478 Summary:

BILL NO    A08478B

SAME AS    SAME AS S06496-B

SPONSOR    O'Donnell

COSPNSR    Mosley, Jacobs, Davila, Simotas, Gottfried, Robinson, Millman,
           Dinowitz, Otis, Quart, Weprin, Kavanagh, Sepulveda, Pichardo, Wright,
           Scarborough, Clark, DenDekker, Benedetto, Miller, Heastie,
           Simanowitz, Glick, Ortiz

MLTSPNSR   Arroyo, Cook, Crespo, Jaffee, Lentol, Lopez P, Lupinacci, Perry,
           Rivera, Rozic, Steck, Thiele

Amd SS1643 & 1642, V & T L; amd S19-177, NYC Ad Cd

Authorizes the city of New York to establish speed limits throughout the city
at not less than twenty-five miles per hour and not less than twenty miles per
hour on or along certain designated highways.
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A08478 Actions:

BILL NO    A08478B

01/16/2014 referred to transportation
03/03/2014 amend (t) and recommit to transportation
03/03/2014 print number 8478a
05/14/2014 amend (t) and recommit to transportation
05/14/2014 print number 8478b
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A08478 Votes:

There are no votes for this bill in this legislative session.
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A08478 Memo:

BILL NUMBER:A8478B

TITLE  OF  BILL:    An  act to amend the vehicle and traffic law and the
administrative code of the city of New York, in relation to speed limits

PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL:  This bill would protect pedestrians by
reducing the speed limit in New York City.

SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS:  This bill amends the NYC Administrative
Code by changing the speed limit in New York City from 30 miles per hour
to 25 miles per hour (bill section 3). The bill also amends the  Vehicle
and  Traffic  Law  (VTL) to permit the reduction of the NYC speed limit.
Specifically, the bill amends VTL section 1643 to permit the  NYC  speed
limit  to be not less than 25 miles per hour, and on designated highways
under certain circumstances, not less than 20 miles per hour.  The  bill
also  amends  VTL section 1642(a)(26) by deleting reporting requirements
relating to traffic calming measures.

The B-print seeks to accomplish the same goal - pedestrian safety  -  as
the A-print, but it does so in a different manner, and the bill has been
substantially  rewritten.  It now amends section 1643 of the VTL as well
as section 1642; it amends VTL section 1642 in a different  manner  than
the A-print did; and it amends NYC Administrative Code section 19-177 in
a  different  manner  than the A-print did. The B-print also changes the
effective date.

JUSTIFICATION:  In New York City in 2013, nearly as many people died  in
traffic  accidents  as  were  murdered. The speed at which a motorist is
driving correlates strongly with the likelihood that an accident with  a
pedestrian will be fatal.

Early  numbers  from  this  year demonstrated the critical need for this
legislation. When this bill was first introduced  in  mid-January  2014,
there had been seven pedestrian fatalities in NYC from traffic accidents
involving  motor  vehicles  over the course of just 14 days.  On one day
alone, on Manhattan's Upper West Side, there were two such fatalities  -
one  child  and one senior citizen, both crossing streets in crosswalks.
This bill, by reducing the speed limit on city streets, will protect all
of New York City's pedestrians.

PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:  New bill.

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS:  Minimal.

EFFECTIVE DATE:  This act shall take effect immediately.
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A08478 Text:

                           S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
       ________________________________________________________________________

                                        8478--B

                                 I N  A S S E M B L Y

                                   January 16, 2014
                                      ___________

       Introduced by M. of A. O'DONNELL, MOSLEY, JACOBS, ROSA, DAVILA, SIMOTAS,
         GOTTFRIED, ROBINSON, MILLMAN, DINOWITZ, OTIS, QUART, WEPRIN, KAVANAGH,
         SEPULVEDA, PICHARDO, WRIGHT, SCARBOROUGH, CLARK, DenDEKKER, BENEDETTO,
         MILLER,  HEASTIE, SIMANOWITZ -- Multi-Sponsored by -- M. of A. ARROYO,
         COOK, JAFFEE, LENTOL, PERRY, RIVERA, ROZIC, STECK  --  read  once  and
         referred  to  the Committee on Transportation -- committee discharged,
         bill amended, ordered reprinted as amended  and  recommitted  to  said
         committee  --  again  reported  from  said  committee with amendments,
         ordered reprinted as amended and recommitted to said committee

       AN ACT to amend the vehicle and traffic law and the administrative  code
         of the city of New York, in relation to speed limits

         THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
       BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

    1    Section 1. Section 1643 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended  by
    2  chapter 412 of the laws of 2012, is amended to read as follows:
    3    S  1643. Speed limits on highways in cities and villages. The legisla-
    4  tive body of any city or village with respect to  highways  (which  term
    5  for  the  purposes  of  this section shall include private roads open to
    6  public motor vehicle traffic) in such city or village, other than  state
    7  highways  maintained by the state on which the department of transporta-
    8  tion shall have established higher or lower speed limits than the statu-
    9  tory fifty-five miles per  hour  speed  limit  as  provided  in  section
   10  sixteen  hundred  twenty  of  this  title, or on which the department of
   11  transportation shall have designated that such city or village shall not
   12  establish any maximum speed limit as provided in section sixteen hundred
   13  twenty-four of this title, subject to the limitations imposed by section
   14  sixteen hundred eighty-four of this title may by local  law,  ordinance,
   15  order,  rule or regulation establish maximum speed limits at which vehi-
   16  cles may proceed within such city or village, within designated areas of
   17  such city or village or on or along designated highways within such city
   18  or village higher or lower than the fifty-five miles  per  hour  maximum
   19  statutory  limit. No such speed limit applicable throughout such city or
   20  village or within designated areas of such  city  or  village  shall  be
   21  established  at less than thirty miles per hour; except that in the city

        EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                             [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                                  LBD13595-06-4
       A. 8478--B                          2

    1  of Long Beach, in the county of Nassau, speed limits may be  established
    2  at  not less than fifteen miles per hour on any portion of the following
    3  highways in  such  city:  Cleveland  avenue,  Harding  avenue,  Mitchell
    4  avenue,  Belmont avenue, Atlantic avenue, Coolidge avenue, Wilson avenue
    5  and Taft avenue; AND EXCEPT THAT IN THE CITY OF NEW YORK THE SPEED LIMIT
    6  APPLICABLE THROUGHOUT SUCH CITY MAY BE  ESTABLISHED  AT  NOT  LESS  THAN
    7  TWENTY-FIVE  MILES PER HOUR.  No such speed limit applicable on or along
    8  designated highways within such city or village shall be established  at
    9  less  than  twenty-five  miles per hour, except that school speed limits
   10  may be established at not less  than  fifteen  miles  per  hour,  for  a
   11  distance  not  to  exceed  one  thousand three hundred twenty feet, on a
   12  highway passing a school building, entrance or exit of a school abutting
   13  on the highway and except that within the cities of Buffalo and  Roches-
   14  ter  speed  limits may be established at not less than fifteen miles per
   15  hour for any portion of a highway within a city park,  AND  EXCEPT  THAT
   16  WITHIN  THE CITY OF NEW YORK SPEED LIMITS MAY BE ESTABLISHED AT NOT LESS
   17  THAN TWENTY MILES PER HOUR ON OR ALONG DESIGNATED HIGHWAYS  WITHIN  SUCH
   18  CITY  IF  SUCH  CITY  HAS  DETERMINED THAT THE IMPLEMENTATION OF TRAFFIC
   19  CALMING MEASURES AS SUCH TERM IS  DEFINED  IN  SECTION  SIXTEEN  HUNDRED
   20  FORTY-TWO OF THIS TITLE IS NOT FEASIBLE ON SUCH HIGHWAYS.
   21    S  2.  Paragraph  26 of subdivision (a) of section 1642 of the vehicle
   22  and traffic law, as added by chapter 499 of the laws of 1999, is amended
   23  to read as follows:
   24    26. [(a)] Establishment of  maximum  speed  limits  below  twenty-five
   25  miles  per  hour  at which motor vehicles may proceed on or along desig-
   26  nated highways within such city for the explicit purpose of implementing
   27  traffic calming measures as  such  term  is  defined  herein;  provided,
   28  however,  that  no SUCH speed limit shall be set below fifteen miles per
   29  hour nor shall such speed limit be established where the traffic calming
   30  measure to be implemented consists solely of  a  traffic  control  sign.
   31  Establishment  of  such  a  speed  limit  shall, where applicable, be in
   32  compliance with the provisions of sections sixteen  hundred  twenty-four
   33  and sixteen hundred eighty-four of this chapter. Nothing contained here-
   34  in  shall be deemed to alter or affect the establishment of school speed
   35  limits pursuant to the provisions of section sixteen hundred forty-three
   36  of this article. For the purposes of this  paragraph,  "traffic  calming
   37  measures"  shall  mean any physical engineering measure or measures that
   38  reduce the negative effects of motor vehicle use, alter driver  behavior
   39  and  improve conditions for non-motorized street users such as pedestri-
   40  ans and bicyclists.
   41    [(b) Any city establishing  maximum  speed  limits  below  twenty-five
   42  miles  per hour pursuant to clause (i) of this subparagraph shall submit
   43  a report to the governor, the temporary president of the senate and  the
   44  speaker  of  the  assembly on or before March first, two thousand two on
   45  the results of using traffic calming measures  and  speed  limits  lower
   46  than  twenty-five  miles  per hour as authorized by this paragraph. Such
   47  report shall include, but not be limited to the following:
   48    (i) a description of the designated  highways  where  traffic  calming
   49  measures and a lower speed limit were established and
   50    (ii)  a  description of the specific traffic calming measures used and
   51  the maximum speed limit established.]
   52    S 3. Subdivision a of section 19-177 of the administrative code of the
   53  city of New York, as added by Local law number 6 of the city of New York
   54  for the year 1996, is amended to read as follows:
       A. 8478--B                          3

    1    a. The official speed limit for a vehicle in  the  city  of  New  York
    2  shall  be  [thirty]  TWENTY-FIVE miles per hour except where an official
    3  sign indicates that a different speed limit is in effect.
    4    S 4. This act shall take effect immediately.
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