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A09809 Summary:

BILL NOA09809
 
SAME ASNo Same As
 
SPONSORSepulveda
 
COSPNSRCook, Barron
 
MLTSPNSR
 
Amd 259-b, Exec L
 
Relates to the racial and ethnic makeup of the board of parole; requires appointees to be from the lower Hudson Valley area and New York city until the ethnic and racial makeup of the board matches the racial and ethnic makeup of the prison population.
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A09809 Actions:

BILL NOA09809
 
02/09/2018referred to correction
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A09809 Memo:

NEW YORK STATE ASSEMBLY
MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF LEGISLATION
submitted in accordance with Assembly Rule III, Sec 1(f)
 
BILL NUMBER: A9809
 
SPONSOR: Sepulveda
  TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the executive law, in relation to the racial and ethnic makeup of the board of parole   PURPOSE: Provides that all appointments made shall be from the lower Hudson Valley area and New York City.   SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS: Section 1 amends subdivision 1 of section 259-b of the executive law so forth beginning August first, two thousand eighteen, the number of members appointed shall increase to twenty-seven. Provided, further, beginning January first, two thousand eighteen, all new appointments shall be from the lower Hudson Valley area and New York City until the racial and ethnic makeup of such board resembles the racial and ethnic makeup of the state's prison population. Section 2 states the date in which this act will take effect.   JUSTIFICATION: The underrepresentation of minorities in the parole board has had tremendous impact on minorities in the Criminal Justice system, from mistreatment in the prisons and jails, to unjust punishments. In New York this has been a relative topic of concern and raised questions on how the system works. Kalief Browder was wrongfully arrested for a crime he never committed. He was held at a correctional facility Rikers Island, which is ranked as one of the most violent jails in the country. Eighty percent of inmates at Rikers have not been found guilty or inno- cent. Browder was held for three years without trial while he maintained his innocence. His case was eventually dropped when the accuser fled the country. When Browder was released, he later committed suicide by an air condition cord. Questions arose on how he was detained for three years without a trial. The Board of Parole has been understaffed for years, which causes abrupt and disorganized procedures. This leads to the board giving inmate's very little time to plead their case. The amount of inmates is so over- whelming that the board won't see inmates in person; they are usually viewed through a monitor. Currently, the Parole Board has nineteen commissioners who were appointed by the Governor. Most parole board members are white individ- uals from Upstate with a law enforcement background, making a $100,000 annually. One black member has served the board, and unfortunately not a single Latino member served the board. Black and Latinos make up seventy five percent of state prison population. All members who are mainly white determine the lives of thousands of black and Latinos. White inmates are more likely to receive an early release or receive no conviction for the same crime resembling the same circumstances as black or Latino inmates. A more diverse Board of Parole would give a different angle for minorities to find justice. Minority members would have a better understanding on individuals who they are in common with.   LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: New Legislation.   FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: None.   EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect immediately.
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