Proposes an amendment to the constitution providing that certain unfunded mandate shall cease to be mandatory in effect and shall become voluntary in operations; requires the legislature to establish by law a council on local mandates.
NEW YORK STATE ASSEMBLY MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF LEGISLATION submitted in accordance with Assembly Rule III, Sec 1(f)
BILL NUMBER: A5956
TITLE OF BILL:
CONCURRENT RESOLUTION OF THE SENATE AND ASSEMBLY proposing amendments to
article 9 of the constitution, in relation to prohibiting unfunded
PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL:
Proposes an amendment to the constitution prohibiting certain unfunded
mandates on political subdivisions of the state.
SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS:
Section one of this bill declares: A new Section 4 is added to Article 9
of the Constitution to make unfunded mandates voluntary for local
governments, school districts, and their subsidiaries.
"Unfunded mandate" is defined as any provision of law that results in an
aggregate net increase in spending by any political subdivision of the
state. Associated net increases' would be offset by 1)funding to carry
out the new mandate, or 2)savings associated with the repeal, reduction,
or modification of another mandate. Such provisions of law include stat-
utes enacted by the Legislature, executive orders issued by the Gover-
nor, and rules or regulations promulgated by any state agency, depart-
ment, board, bureau, officer, or commission.
Exceptions to the definition of an unfunded mandate are as follows:
* state laws, rules or regulations required to ensure compliance with
* laws which, in the aggregate, will cost any municipality or school
district less than $10,000 to implement;'
* Laws which have been requested through a home rule message or which
have otherwise been accepted by the political subdivision;
* laws which reapportion responsibilities between or among political
* executive orders arising from the Governor exercising emergency powers
*laws applicable to both the public and private sectors; and
* those laws in full force and effect prior to the effective date of
this amendment, including any provision that extends or reauthorizes a
law. This bill directs the Legislature to establish a Council on Local
Mandates. The Council would be responsible for resolving any disputes
brought by local governments about whether a law is an unfunded mandate.
Council determinations would be subject to judicial review by the
Unfunded mandates are program requirements given to local governments
from the state, - with little or no financial assistance with which to
implement or administer them. This may pose a serious issue for local
governments, who must often - either increase service costs and taxes,
or cut vital services in order to implement these programs. This bill
would allow local governments to choose whether a mandate will be imple-
mented in their area, and require the state to fund mandates that are
unreasonably costly, ensuring that our local municipalities are
protected from financially egregious directives, and can continue to
serve our constituents in the most cost effective and efficient manner.
PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:
A.2556 of 2017-2018
A.3791 of 2015-2016
A.8130 and S.5126 of 2013-2014
S.1640 of 2010
S.2201 of 2007
S.3049 of 2006
2020-A5849-held for consideration in governmental operations
Minimal to the State. Protect local governments from state mandated
STATE OF NEW YORK
2021-2022 Regular Sessions
March 2, 2021
Introduced by M. of A. LALOR -- read once and referred to the Committee
on Governmental Operations
CONCURRENT RESOLUTION OF THE SENATE AND ASSEMBLY
proposing amendments to article 9 of the constitution, in relation to
prohibiting unfunded mandates
1 Section 1. Resolved (if the Senate concur), That article 9 of the
2 constitution be amended by adding a new section 4 to read as follows:
3 § 4. Prohibition on unfunded mandates; council on local mandates. 1.
4 a. Any provision of law determined in accordance with this section to be
5 an unfunded mandate shall cease to be mandatory in effect and shall
6 become voluntary in operation.
7 b. A provision of law that requires one or more political subdivisions
8 to expend funds or to take actions requiring the expenditure of funds
9 shall be deemed an unfunded mandate if such provision of law results in
10 an aggregate net increase in necessary direct expenditures by any poli-
11 tical subdivision of the state. Any such aggregate net increase in
12 expenditures shall be offset by: (i) monies provided to political subdi-
13 visions for the specific purpose of funding such provision of law; and
14 (ii) decreases in expenditures expected to result from other provisions
15 of law enacted concurrently therewith that repeal, reduce or modify
16 existing mandates on political subdivisions. For purposes of this
17 section, all budget bills and legislation necessary to implement the
18 budget enacted pursuant to article seven of this constitution shall be
19 deemed to have been concurrently enacted into law.
20 c. For purposes of this section, the term "political subdivision"
21 shall mean a county, city, town, village, school district or special
22 district, and shall include any agency, authority, commission, depart-
23 ment or instrumentality thereof.
24 d. For purposes of this section, the term "law" shall mean a statute
25 enacted by the legislature, an executive order issued by the governor,
26 and a rule or regulation promulgated by a state agency, department,
27 board, bureau, officer, authority or commission.
EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
 is old law to be omitted.
A. 5956 2
1 2. Notwithstanding anything in this section to the contrary, the
2 following types of laws shall not be considered unfunded mandates:
3 a. those necessary to comply with federal law;
4 b. those for which the aggregate net increase in required direct
5 expenditures by political subdivisions is less than ten thousand
7 c. those that have been requested through a home rule message or other
8 resolution of the affected political subdivision, or which have been
9 accepted by the affected political subdivision;
10 d. those reapportioning responsibilities between or among political
12 e. those arising from an executive order of the governor exercising
13 his or her emergency powers;
14 f. those applicable to both government and non-government entities in
15 the same or a substantially similar manner;
16 g. those in full force and effect prior to the effective date of this
17 section, including any provision of law that extends or reauthorizes
18 such a law.
19 3. The legislature shall establish by law a council on local mandates.
20 The council shall consist of seven members of whom two shall be
21 appointed by the governor, one by the temporary president of the senate,
22 one by the minority leader of the senate, one by the speaker of the
23 assembly, one by the minority leader of the assembly, and one by the
24 comptroller. The governor shall designate a chair from among the
26 The legislature shall establish by law qualifications for such
27 appointments, which shall include the requirement that one of the
28 members appointed by the governor shall be made on the recommendation of
29 political subdivisions or duly appointed representatives thereof. All
30 legislation required by this subdivision shall be enacted into law with-
31 in sixty days after the effective date of this section, and initial
32 appointments to the council shall be made within sixty days thereafter.
33 4. a. The council shall timely resolve any complaint by an aggrieved
34 political subdivision that a provision of law constitutes an unfunded
35 mandate. A ruling of the council shall be restricted to the specific
36 provision of law that constitutes an unfunded mandate and shall, to the
37 extent practicable, leave intact the remainder of the law.
38 b. Determinations of the council shall be subject to review by the
39 supreme court in the same manner and under the same standards of review
40 as administrative determinations of state agencies and departments;
41 provided, however, that the state may seek judicial review of a determi-
42 nation by the council that a provision of law constitutes an unfunded
43 mandate. Proceedings to review council determinations shall be given
44 precedence over all other causes and proceedings before the court.
45 § 2. Resolved (if the Senate concur), That the foregoing amendment be
46 referred to the first regular legislative session convening after the
47 next succeeding general election of members of the assembly, and, in
48 conformity with section 1 of article 19 of the constitution, be
49 published for 3 months previous to the time of such election.