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A03448 Summary:

BILL NOA03448
 
SAME ASNo Same As
 
SPONSORRosenthal L
 
COSPNSR
 
MLTSPNSR
 
 
Directs the commissioner of education to establish a commission to study the needs of adolescents and the effect that school day start times have on the health and academic performance of students.
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A03448 Actions:

BILL NOA03448
 
01/26/2021referred to education
01/05/2022referred to education
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A03448 Memo:

NEW YORK STATE ASSEMBLY
MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF LEGISLATION
submitted in accordance with Assembly Rule III, Sec 1(f)
 
BILL NUMBER: A3448
 
SPONSOR: Rosenthal L
  TITLE OF BILL: An act directing the commissioner of education to establish a commission to study the needs of adolescents and the effect that school day start times have on the health and academic performance of students; and providing for the repeal of such provisions upon expiration thereof   PURPOSE: To study the issue of school start times and their effect on adolescents and to make recommendations on how to implement later start times state- wide   SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS: Section one directs the commissioner of education to create a commission to study and create a report on the sleep needs of adolescents and the role that school day start times play in the health and academic performance of students. Section two sets forth the duties of the commission. Section three establishes the composition of the commission. Section four states that one appointment made by the Governor shall serve as chair. Section five states that members of such commission will serve without compensation. Section six requires all departments, divisions, bureaus, commissions, districts or agencies of the state or political subdivisions thereof provide the commission with necessary data as requested. Section seven requires the commission to compile and submit a report of their findings. Section eight sets forth the effective date.   JUSTIFICATION: New York State has more than 700 school districts serving more than 2.5 million students. The majority of these schools begin their first class each morning between 7:30 and 8:14 am, not including a "zero period" where some students opt to arrive earlier for an additional class. By beginning the school day so early, many teenagers are unable to get the 9-10 hours of sleep that studies by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend, especially if they travel from rural areas or take a school bus. Research has shown that adolescents who consistently do not get the recommended 9-10 hours of sleep each night are at greater risk of obesi- ty, depression, and immune system disruption, and are more likely to be involved in drowsy-driving related car crashes, earn lower test scores and have more school attendance issues. By delaying school start times, students will be more likely to reach the recommended hours of sleep each night. Despite the American Academy of Pediatrics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and American Medical Association all recommending that middle and high schools not begin their classes earlier than 8:30 am, 43% of public high schools nationwide still begin before 8:00 am. This legislation will direct the commissioner of education in New York State to form a commission to study the issue of school start times and the effects they have on the health and wellbeing of adolescents, and require the commission to compile a report on their findings, including recommendations on how to best implement later start times.   LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: 2019-20: A.8668 Referred to Education   FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: Undetermined.   EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect immediately and expire 18 months after such date.
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A03448 Text:



 
                STATE OF NEW YORK
        ________________________________________________________________________
 
                                          3448
 
                               2021-2022 Regular Sessions
 
                   IN ASSEMBLY
 
                                    January 26, 2021
                                       ___________
 
        Introduced  by  M.  of  A. L. ROSENTHAL -- read once and referred to the
          Committee on Education
 
        AN ACT directing the commissioner of education to establish a commission
          to study the needs of adolescents and the effect that school day start
          times have on the health and academic  performance  of  students;  and
          providing for the repeal of such provisions upon expiration thereof
 
          The  People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem-
        bly, do enact as follows:
 
     1    Section 1. The commissioner of  education  is  hereby  authorized  and
     2  directed  to  create  a  commission  to study and create a report on the
     3  sleep needs of adolescents and the effect that school  day  start  times
     4  have on the health and academic performance of students.
     5    § 2. The commission shall:
     6    (i)  study the feasibility of all schools in New York state implement-
     7  ing later school day start times;
     8    (ii) conduct a review of the scientific  findings  relative  to  sleep
     9  needs  of adolescents and the effect that school day start times have on
    10  the health and academic performance of students;
    11    (iii) determine the number of districts in the state that have  imple-
    12  mented  later  school day start times for schools and examine the health
    13  and safety impacts  and  academic  performance  of  students,  including
    14  performance on statewide tests; and
    15    (iv)  identify  resources  and  opportunities  to  assist districts in
    16  implementing minimum standards for healthy school day  start  times  for
    17  schools  consistent  with  the recommendation of the American Academy of
    18  Pediatrics.
    19    § 3. The commission shall consist of a total of nine members who shall
    20  be appointed not later than the thirtieth day after the  effective  date
    21  of this section and shall include:
    22    (i) two members appointed by the governor;
    23    (ii) two members appointed by the temporary president of the senate;
 
         EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                              [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                                   LBD00928-01-1

        A. 3448                             2
 
     1    (iii) two members appointed by the speaker of the assembly; and
     2    (iv)  three members appointed by the commissioner of the department of
     3  education, one such member shall be a doctor specializing in sleep medi-
     4  cine.
     5    § 4. One of the appointments by the governor  shall  serve  as  chair-
     6  person of the commission.
     7    §  5.  The members of the commission shall serve without compensation,
     8  but shall be reimbursed for actual expenses reasonably incurred  in  the
     9  performance of their duties.
    10    §  6.  All  departments, divisions, bureaus, commissions, districts or
    11  agencies of the state or any political subdivisions  thereof  shall,  at
    12  the request of the chairperson, provide the commission with such facili-
    13  ties, assistance and data as will enable the commission to carry out its
    14  powers and duties.
    15    § 7. The commission shall make a report to the governor and the legis-
    16  lature  of its findings, conclusions, and recommendations not later than
    17  one year after the effective date of this section, and shall submit with
    18  its report such legislative proposals as it deems necessary to implement
    19  its recommendations.
    20    § 8. This act shall take effect immediately and shall  expire  and  be
    21  deemed repealed eighteen months after such date.
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