|SAME AS||No Same As|
|Add §280-d, Pub Health L|
|Relates to the use of psychotropic medications in nursing homes and adult care facilities.|
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STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 1033 2019-2020 Regular Sessions IN ASSEMBLY January 14, 2019 ___________ Introduced by M. of A. GOTTFRIED -- read once and referred to the Committee on Health AN ACT to amend the public health law, in relation to the use of psycho- tropic medications in nursing homes and adult care facilities The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem- bly, do enact as follows: 1 Section 1. The public health law is amended by adding a new section 2 280-d to read as follows: 3 § 280-d. Use of psychotropic medications in nursing homes and adult 4 care facilities. 1. As used in this section: 5 (a) "psychotropic medication" means a drug that affects brain activ- 6 ities associated with mental processes and behavior, including, but not 7 limited to, antipsychotics, antidepressants, antianxiety drugs or anxio- 8 lytics, and hypnotics; 9 (b) "lawful representative" means, where a patient lacks capacity to 10 consent to health care, a person authorized to consent on behalf of the 11 patient, including, but not limited to, a health care agent authorized 12 by a health care proxy under article twenty-nine-C of this chapter or a 13 surrogate under article twenty-nine-CC of this chapter; 14 (c) "increase" when used in relation to an order for a psychotropic 15 medication, means an increase of the dosage or duration of the medica- 16 tion above the dosage or duration covered by the currently active 17 consent; 18 (d) "health care professional" means a health care professional, 19 licensed, certified or authorized to practice under title eight of the 20 education law, acting within his or her lawful scope of practice, who 21 has authority to order a psychotropic medication; and 22 (e) "patient" means an individual who is a resident of a residential 23 health care facility as defined in article twenty-eight of this chapter, 24 or an adult care facility certified under section four hundred sixty- 25 one-b of the social services law. EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD03494-01-9A. 1033 2 1 2. (a) An order for a psychotropic medication shall include the 2 dosage, frequency, and duration of the order which shall not exceed 3 fourteen days. A health care professional may not order or increase an 4 order for a psychotropic medication for a patient unless the health care 5 professional has obtained the written informed consent of the patient or 6 the patient's lawful representative, or is acting pursuant to an order 7 under this section, or is acting under subdivision three of this 8 section. Where a patient lacks capacity to consent to health care and 9 lacks a lawful representative, an order or increase of an order under 10 this section shall be subject to subdivision four of section twenty-nine 11 hundred ninety-four-g of this chapter as if the patient were an inpa- 12 tient of a general hospital. To constitute informed consent, the follow- 13 ing disclosure shall be given to the patient or, where the patient lacks 14 capacity to consent to health care, the patient's lawful representative, 15 in a clear and explicit manner: 16 (i) the reason for the medication, including the nature and serious- 17 ness of the patient's illness, disorder or condition that the medication 18 is intended to treat; 19 (ii) the anticipated benefit from the medication, and the dosage, 20 frequency, and duration of the order; 21 (iii) the probability of side effects and significant risks of the 22 medication, including the nature, degree, and duration of such effects 23 and reasonably known risks; 24 (iv) the reasonable alternative treatments to the proposed medication 25 and the reason that the health care professional prefers the proposed 26 medication in this instance; and 27 (v) that the patient or lawful representative has the right to consent 28 or refuse consent to use of the proposed medication, and that if he or 29 she consents, he or she has the right to revoke his or her consent for 30 any reason, at any time, including a description of how the consent 31 shall be revoked. 32 (b) The health care professional shall document in the patient's 33 medical record the date and time that the informed consent disclosure 34 was provided, and to whom and by whom it was provided, and include the 35 written consent. 36 (c) Where the patient's medical record notes that a family member has 37 requested notification of medication orders, and such notification is 38 otherwise lawful, the health care professional shall cause notice to be 39 provided within forty-eight hours of the prescription, order, or 40 increase of an order under this section. Such notice shall not be 41 provided if the patient specifically requests that the family member not 42 be given notification. 43 3. A health care professional is not required to obtain consent under 44 this section to issue an order for use of a psychotropic medication for 45 a patient where it is reasonably necessary in an emergency to protect 46 the life, health or safety of the patient or another person. Where an 47 order is made under this subdivision, the health care professional shall 48 immediately record the use of the psychotropic medication, the reason 49 for the use, and the dosage, in the patient's medical record; and shall 50 promptly notify the patient or the patient's lawful representative who 51 would have had the authority to consent, and any family member required 52 to be notified under this section and record such notifications in the 53 patient's medical record. 54 4. This section does not increase the lawful scope of practice of any 55 health care professional and does not diminish or impair any requirement 56 for or regulation of consent to health care treatment.A. 1033 3 1 5. The commissioner may make regulations to implement this section. 2 § 2. This act shall take effect on the one hundred eightieth day after 3 it shall have become a law. Effective immediately, the commissioner of 4 health is authorized to make regulations and take any other actions 5 necessary to implement section 280-d of the public health law.