A06509 Summary:

SAME ASNo same as
MLTSPNSRHooper, Robinson
Add Art 9-B SS142-aaa & 142-bbb, Ag & Mkts L
Requires persons who sell or distribute genetically engineered plants, planting stock or seeds to provide written instructions to purchasers or growers of such stock.
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A06509 Actions:

04/04/2013referred to agriculture
01/08/2014referred to agriculture
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A06509 Text:

                STATE OF NEW YORK
                               2013-2014 Regular Sessions
                   IN ASSEMBLY
                                      April 4, 2013
        Introduced  by  M.  of  A. ORTIZ, COOK -- Multi-Sponsored by -- M. of A.
          HOOPER, ROBINSON -- read once and referred to the Committee  on  Agri-
        AN  ACT to amend the agriculture and markets law, in relation to liabil-
          ity for crop contamination by genetically engineered material

          The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and  Assem-
        bly, do enact as follows:
     1    Section  1. The agriculture and markets law is amended by adding a new
     2  article 9-B to read as follows:
     3                                 ARTICLE 9-B
     4                             LIABILITY FOR CROP
     5                              CONTAMINATION BY
     6                       GENETICALLY ENGINEERED MATERIAL
     7  Section 142-aaa. Liability for crop contamination by  genetically  engi-
     8                     neered material.
     9          142-bbb. Seed contracts.
    10    §  142-aaa. Liability for crop contamination by genetically engineered
    11  material. 1. For purposes of this article:

    12    (a) "Genetically engineered" means altered by  human  manipulation  at
    13  the  molecular or cellular level by processes, including recombinant DNA
    14  and RNA techniques, cell fusion, microencapsulation, macroencapsulation,
    15  gene deletion and doubling, introduction  of  foreign  genes,  and  gene
    16  repositioning, which are not possible under natural conditions.  "Genet-
    17  ically  engineered"  does  not  include  products altered exclusively by
    18  breeding, conjugation, fermentation, hybridization, in vitro  fertiliza-
    19  tion, or tissue culture.
    20    (b)  "Cross-contamination"  means  any  transfer  and incorporation of
    21  genetic material from a genetically engineered crop or plant, by  cross-
    22  pollination  or  other  means, into a non-genetically engineered crop or

         EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                              [ ] is old law to be omitted.

        A. 6509                             2
     1  plant or to wild plant populations or the presence of genetically  engi-
     2  neered seeds in a lot or package of non-genetically engineered seeds.
     3    (c)  "Manufacturer" means a person, firm, or corporation who produces,
     4  distributes, and sells genetically engineered plants, planting stock, or
     5  seeds.
     6    2. A manufacturer of genetically engineered plants, planting stock, or
     7  seeds shall be liable to any person for any damages,  including  reason-

     8  able  attorney's  fees  and other litigation costs, and to the state for
     9  natural resources damages and costs of restoration, due to  cross-conta-
    10  mination  caused by the manufacturer's products. Such liability to farm-
    11  ers shall include but not be limited to:
    12    (a) loss of any price premium which would have  accrued  to  a  farmer
    13  growing non-genetically engineered products by contract or other market-
    14  ing arrangement, or which would have been otherwise reasonably available
    15  to the farmer through ordinary commercial channels;
    16    (b)  any  judgment,  charge,  or  penalty for which the farmer growing
    17  non-genetically engineered products is liable due to breach of contract,
    18  including loss of organic certification, for failure to deliver  a  crop

    19  free of genetically engineered material or for delivering a crop exceed-
    20  ing  any contractually agreed tolerances for the presence of genetically
    21  engineered material;
    22    (c) any  additional  transportation,  storage,  handling,  or  related
    23  charges  or  costs  incurred  by  the  farmer  that  would not have been
    24  incurred in the absence of cross-contamination;
    25    (d) market price reductions incurred by farmers resulting from loss of
    26  crop exports, including foreign and domestic markets; and
    27    (e) a farmer's loss of livelihood or reputation caused by cross-conta-
    28  mination.
    29    A farmer who is not in breach of a contract for the purchase or use of
    30  genetically engineered plants, planting stock, or seeds and  unknowingly

    31  comes into possession or uses such plants, planting stock, or seeds as a
    32  result  of  natural  reproduction,  cross-contamination,  or other means
    33  shall not be liable under this subdivision for any damages caused by the
    34  use of such plants, planting stock,  or  seeds,  including  damages  for
    35  patent infringement.
    36    A  manufacturer  shall  have an affirmative defense to liability under
    37  this subdivision if: a farmer or other third party acted in gross negli-
    38  gence to cause the release of the genetically engineered  material  that
    39  resulted  in  cross-contamination;  the farmer had received and signed a
    40  contract with the manufacturer; the farmer had received written  materi-
    41  als  from  the  manufacturer  explaining  how to plant and cultivate the

    42  genetically engineered  plants;  and  by  following  the  manufacturer's
    43  contract  and  instructions  the  farmer  would  not have caused damages
    44  through the use of such plants, planting stock or seeds; or a seed sell-
    45  er or distributor, other than the manufacturer, acted  in  gross  negli-
    46  gence to cause the presence of the manufacturer's genetically engineered
    47  seeds  in  a  lot or package of seeds that were sold to a farmer as non-
    48  genetically engineered seeds.
    49    The provisions of this subdivision shall not limit the liability of  a
    50  manufacturer  under any cause of action not based upon this subdivision.
    51  The provisions of this subdivision shall not be subject  to  waiver,  by
    52  agreement, or otherwise.

    53    §  142-bbb.  Seed contracts. A seed contract for the purchase of seeds
    54  or planting stock in New York must be governed by the laws of New  York.
    55  If such a contract executed in New York purports to waive the provisions
    56  of  this  section,  to choose the laws of another jurisdiction to govern

        A. 6509                             3
     1  the contract or to choose a forum for adjudication of  disputes  arising
     2  out  of the contract that would not otherwise have jurisdiction over the
     3  parties to the contract, such provisions are void and unenforceable.
     4    §  2.  Severability.  If any clause, sentence, subdivision, paragraph,
     5  section or part of this act is adjudged by any court of competent juris-
     6  diction to be invalid, such judgment shall not affect, impair or invali-

     7  date the remainder thereof, but shall be confined in  its  operation  to
     8  the  clause,  sentence,  subdivision, paragraph, section or part thereof
     9  directly involved in the controversy in which such judgment  shall  have
    10  been rendered.
    11    § 3. This act shall take effect on the one hundred twentieth day after
    12  it shall have become a law.
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