STATE OF NEW YORK
2013-2014 Regular Sessions
May 22, 2013
Introduced by M. of A. ROSENTHAL, PEOPLES-STOKES -- read once and
referred to the Committee on Governmental Operations -- reported and
referred to the Committee on Ways and Means -- committee discharged,
bill amended, ordered reprinted as amended and recommitted to said
committee -- recommitted to the Committee on Governmental Operations
in accordance with Assembly Rule 3, sec. 2 -- committee discharged,
bill amended, ordered reprinted as amended and recommitted to said
AN ACT to amend the public buildings law, in relation to restricting the
luminous power of lighting fixtures installed or maintained by the
The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem-bly, do enact as follows:
1 Section 1. The public buildings law is amended by adding a new section
2 143 to read as follows:
3 § 143. Lighting restrictions. 1. Definitions. As used in this section:
4 a. "Direct light" means light emitted by a fixture from the lamp, from
5 a reflector, or through a refractor.
6 b. "Facade lighting" means permanent outdoor fixtures that are specif-
7 ically intended to illuminate the exterior surfaces of buildings or
9 c. "Fully shielded fixture" means a fixture that allows no direct
10 light from the fixture above a horizontal plane through the fixture's
11 lowest light-emitting part, in its mounted position.
12 d. "Fixture lumens" means total lumens emitted by a fixture.
13 e. "Glare" means light emitted by a fixture that causes discomfort or
14 reduced visibility.
15 f. "Illuminance" means the luminous power incident per unit area of a
17 g. "Lamp" means a light bulb or other component of a fixture that
18 changes electricity into visible light.
EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
 is old law to be omitted.
A. 7489--B 2
1 h. "Light trespass" means light that falls beyond the property it is
2 intended to illuminate.
3 i. "Lumen" means a standard unit of measurement of the quantity of
4 light emitted from a lamp.
5 j. "Fixture" means a complete lighting unit, including a lamp together
6 with the parts designed to distribute the light, to position and protect
7 the lamp and to connect the lamp to the power supply.
8 k. "Ornamental roadway lighting" means a roadway lighting fixture that
9 serves a decorative function in addition to a roadway lighting function,
10 having an historical period appearance or decorative appearance.
11 l. "Parking-lot lighting" means permanent outdoor fixtures specif-
12 ically intended to illuminate uncovered vehicle parking areas.
13 m. "Permanent outdoor fixture" means a fixture for use in an exterior
14 environment installed with mounting not intended for relocation.
15 n. "Roadway lighting" means permanent outdoor fixtures specifically
16 intended to illuminate public roadways.
17 o. "Sky glow" means a condition caused by light directed upwards or
18 sideways reducing one's ability to view the night sky.
19 p. "State agency" means any state department, office, board, commis-
20 sion, agency, or a public authority or public benefit corporation at
21 least one of whose members is appointed by the governor.
22 2. No state agency operating in the state shall install or cause to be
23 installed any new or replacement permanent outdoor fixture unless the
24 following conditions are met:
25 a. In the case of roadway lighting or parking-lot lighting; whether
26 mounted to poles, buildings or other structures, the fixture is fully
28 b. In the case of building-mounted fixtures not specifically intended
29 for roadway lighting, parking-lot lighting, or facade lighting, the
30 fixture is fully shielded when its initial fixture lumens is greater
31 than three thousand lumens.
32 c. In the case of facade lighting, the fixture is shielded to reduce
33 glare, sky glow, and light trespass to the greatest extent possible.
34 d. In the case of ornamental roadway lighting fixtures, the fixture
35 allows no more than seven hundred lumens from the fixture above a hori-
36 zontal plane through the fixture's lowest light emitting part.
37 e. For illumination by new permanent outdoor fixtures for applications
38 described in paragraph a, b, c or d of this subdivision, only illumi-
39 nance levels that are no greater than those required for the intended
40 purpose may be used, as established by the commissioner of the office of
41 general services in consultation with the department of transportation
42 and the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority, and
43 given due consideration to lighting industry standards and practices.
44 f. In the case of roadway lighting unassociated with intersections of
45 two or more streets or highways, the department of transportation has
46 determined that the purpose of the lighting installation or replacement
47 cannot be achieved by installation of reflectorized roadway markers,
48 lines, warnings or informational signs, or other passive means.
49 3. This section shall not apply:
50 a. if a federal law, rule or regulation preempts state law;
51 b. if the outdoor lighting fixture is used temporarily by emergency
52 personnel requiring additional illumination for emergency procedures or
53 temporarily used by repair personnel for road repair;
54 c. to navigational lighting systems and other lighting necessary for
55 aviation and nautical safety;
A. 7489--B 3
1 d. to lighting for athletic playing areas; provided, however, that all
2 such lighting shall be selected and installed to shield the lamp or
3 lamps from direct view and to minimize upward lighting and glare to the
4 greatest extent possible;
5 e. if the state agency determines a safety or security need exists
6 that cannot be addressed by any other method;
7 f. to the replacement of a previously installed permanent outdoor
8 fixture that is destroyed, damaged or inoperative, has experienced elec-
9 trical failure due to failed components, or requires standard mainte-
11 g. to lighting intended for tunnels and roadway underpasses; or
12 h. if the combined cost of acquiring and operating a fixture complying
13 with paragraphs a, b and c of this subdivision is more than fifteen
14 percent greater than the cost of acquiring and operating comparable
15 non-compliant fixtures over the life of the lighting system and if a
16 written determination with findings has been made that no compliant
17 fixture exists that would meet the cost limitation.
18 4. The office of general services, in consultation with the department
19 of transportation and the New York state energy research and development
20 authority, and given due consideration to lighting industry standards
21 and practices, shall establish rules and regulations to implement the
22 provisions of this section.
23 § 2. Report. The office of general services shall, on or before June
24 1, 2017, submit a report to the governor and the temporary president of
25 the senate and the speaker of the assembly on the implementation of and
26 compliance with section 143 of the public buildings law, as added by
27 section one of this act, including an analysis of the savings and costs
28 to the state.
29 § 3. Applicability. No provision of this act shall be construed as to
30 permit the practice of architecture as such practice is defined in
31 section 7301 of the education law, or the practice of engineering as
32 such practice is defined in section 7201 of the education law.
33 § 4. This act shall take effect one year after it shall have become a
34 law; provided that effective immediately, the addition, amendment and/or
35 repeal of any rule or regulation or development of any standards neces-
36 sary for the implementation of this act on its effective date is author-
37 ized to be made and completed on or before such effective date; and
38 provided further, that this act shall not apply to projects for the
39 installation or replacement of permanent outdoor fixtures which have
40 received final design approval prior to the effective date of this act.