A08869 Summary:

BILL NOA08869B
 
SAME ASSAME AS S06228-B
 
SPONSORGottfried
 
COSPNSRMagnarelli
 
MLTSPNSR
 
Amd Art 29-E SS2999-n - 2999-r, S2818, Pub Health L
 
Relates to accountable care organizations which are certified by the department of health to provide integrated health services and reduce health care costs.
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A08869 Actions:

BILL NOA08869B
 
01/04/2012referred to health
01/31/2012reported referred to ways and means
05/29/2012amend (t) and recommit to ways and means
05/29/2012print number 8869a
06/06/2012reported referred to rules
06/11/2012reported
06/11/2012rules report cal.101
06/11/2012ordered to third reading rules cal.101
06/12/2012amended on third reading 8869b
06/18/2012passed assembly
06/18/2012delivered to senate
06/18/2012REFERRED TO RULES
06/21/2012SUBSTITUTED FOR S6228B
06/21/20123RD READING CAL.1465
06/21/2012PASSED SENATE
06/21/2012RETURNED TO ASSEMBLY
09/21/2012delivered to governor
10/03/2012signed chap.461
10/03/2012approval memo.14
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A08869 Floor Votes:

DATE:06/18/2012Assembly Vote  YEA/NAY: 143/0
AbbateYCerettoYGlickYLentolYMurrayYRyanY
AbinantiYClarkYGoldfederYLiftonYNolanYSaladinoY
AmedoreYColtonYGoodellYLinaresYOaksYSaywardY
ArroyoYConteERGottfriedYLope PDYO'DonnellYScarboroughY
AubryYCookYGrafYLope VJYOrtizYSchimelY
BarclayYCorwinYGuntherYLosquadroYPalmesanoYSchimmingerY
BarrettYCrespoYHannaYLupardoYPaulinYSimanowitzY
BarronYCrouchYHawleyYMageeYPeoples StokesYSimotasY
BenedettoYCurranYHeastieYMagnarelliYPerryYSkartadosY
BlankenbushYCusickYHevesiERMaiselYPretlowYSmardzY
BoylandERCymbrowitzYHikindYMalliotakisYQuartYStevensonY
BoyleYDenDekkerYHooperYMarkeyYRaYSweeneyY
BraunsteinYDinowitzYJacobsYMayerYRabbittYTediscoY
BrennanYDupreyYJaffeeYMcDonoughYRaiaYTenneyY
BrindisiYEnglebrightYJeffriesERMcEnenyYRamosYThieleY
BronsonYEspinalYJohnsYMcKevittYReilichYTitoneY
Brook KrasnyYFarrellYJordanYMcLaughlinYReillyYTitusER
BurlingYFinchYKatzYMengERRive J YTobaccoY
ButlerYFitzpatrickYKavanaghYMill D YRive N YWalterY
CahillYFriendYKearnsYMill JMYRive PMYWeinsteinY
CalhounYGabryszakYKellnerYMill MGYRobertsYWeisenbergY
CamaraYGalefYKolbYMillmanYRobinsonYWeprinY
CanestrariYGanttYLancmanERMontesanoYRodriguezYWrightY
CastelliYGibsonYLatimerYMorelleYRosenthalYZebrowskiY
CastroYGiglioYLavineYMoyaYRussellYMr SpkrY

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A08869 Text:



 
                STATE OF NEW YORK
        ________________________________________________________________________
 
                                         8869--B
                                                                   R. R. 101
 
                   IN ASSEMBLY
 
                                       (Prefiled)
 
                                     January 4, 2012
                                       ___________
 
        Introduced  by  M. of A. GOTTFRIED, MAGNARELLI -- read once and referred
          to the Committee on Health -- reported and referred to  the  Committee
          on  Ways  and  Means  --  committee  discharged, bill amended, ordered
          reprinted as amended and recommitted to said committee --  amended  on

          the  special  order  of  third  reading, ordered reprinted as amended,
          retaining its place on the special order of third reading
 
        AN ACT to amend the public health law, in relation to  accountable  care
          organizations
 
          The  People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem-
        bly, do enact as follows:
 
     1    Section 1. Article 29-E of the public health law, as added by  section
     2  66  of  part  H of chapter 59 of the laws of 2011, is amended to read as
     3  follows:
     4                                ARTICLE 29-E
     5           ACCOUNTABLE CARE ORGANIZATIONS [DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM]
     6  Section 2999-n. Accountable care organizations; findings; purpose.
     7          2999-o. Definitions.
     8          2999-p. Establishment of [ACO demonstration program] ACOs.

     9          2999-q. Accountable care organizations; requirements.
    10          2999-r. Other laws.
    11    § 2999-n. Accountable  care  organizations;  findings;  purpose.  [The
    12  legislature  intends  to  test the ability of accountable care organiza-
    13  tions to assume a role in delivering an array of health  care  services,
    14  from  primary  and  preventive care through acute inpatient hospital and
    15  post-hospital care.] The legislature finds that the formation and opera-
    16  tion of accountable care organizations under this article,  and  subject
    17  to appropriate regulation, can be consistent with the purposes of feder-
    18  al  and  state  anti-trust, anti-referral, and other statutes, including
    19  reducing over-utilization and expenditures. The legislature  finds  that
    20  the  development  of  accountable  care organizations under this article

    21  will reduce health care costs, promote effective  allocation  of  health
    22  care  resources,  and  enhance  the  quality and accessibility of health
    23  care. The legislature finds that this article is  necessary  to  promote
 
         EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                              [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                                   LBD13268-10-2

        A. 8869--B                          2
 
     1  the  formation  of accountable care organizations and protect the public
     2  interest and the interests of patients and health care providers.
     3    §  2999-o.  Definitions.  As used in this article, the following terms
     4  shall have the following meanings, unless the context  clearly  requires
     5  otherwise:

     6    1.  "Accountable  care organization" or "ACO" means an organization of
     7  clinically integrated health care providers certified by the commission-
     8  er under this article.
     9    2. "ACO participant" or "participant" means  a  health  care  provider
    10  that is one of the health care providers that comprise the ACO.
    11    3.  Certificate  of authority" or "certificate" means a certificate of
    12  authority issued by the commissioner under this article.
    13    [3.] 4. "CMS" means the federal  centers  for  Medicare  and  Medicaid
    14  services.
    15    5. "CMS regulations" means applicable federal laws and CMS regulations
    16  and policies.
    17    6.  "Health  care  provider"  includes but is not limited to an entity
    18  licensed or certified under article twenty-eight or thirty-six  of  this

    19  chapter;  an entity licensed or certified under article sixteen, thirty-
    20  one or thirty-two of the mental hygiene law; or a  health  care  practi-
    21  tioner licensed or certified under title eight of the education law or a
    22  lawful  combination  of  such  health  care  practitioners; and may also
    23  include, to the extent provided by regulation of the commissioner, other
    24  entities that provide  technical  assistance,  information  systems  and
    25  services,  care coordination and other services to health care providers
    26  and patients participating in an ACO.
    27    [4.] 7. "Medicare-only ACO" means  an  ACO  issued  a  certificate  of
    28  authority  under subdivision four of section twenty-nine hundred ninety-
    29  nine-p of this article.
    30    8. "Primary care" means the health care  fields  of  family  practice,

    31  general pediatrics, primary care internal medicine, primary care obstet-
    32  rics, or primary care gynecology, without regard to board certification,
    33  provided by a health care provider acting within his, her, or its lawful
    34  scope of practice.
    35    [5.]  9. "Third-party health care payer" has its ordinary meanings and
    36  may include any entities provided for by regulation of the commissioner,
    37  which may include an entity such as a pharmacy benefits manager,  fiscal
    38  administrator,  or administrative services provider that participates in
    39  the administration of a third-party health care payer system.
    40    [6. Any references to the "department of financial services"  and  the
    41  "superintendent of financial services" in this article shall mean, prior
    42  to  October third, two thousand eleven, respectively, the "department of

    43  insurance" and the "superintendent of insurance."]
    44    § 2999-p. Establishment of [ACO demonstration  program]  ACOs.  1.  An
    45  accountable  care  organization:  (a)  is  an organization of clinically
    46  integrated health care providers that work together to provide,  manage,
    47  and  coordinate health care (including primary care) for a defined popu-
    48  lation; with a mechanism for shared governance; the ability  to  negoti-
    49  ate, receive, and distribute payments; and accountability for the quali-
    50  ty,  cost,  and  delivery  of  health  care  to  the  ACO's patients; in
    51  accordance with this article; and (b) has been issued a  certificate  of
    52  authority by the commissioner under this article.
    53    2.  The  commissioner shall establish a [demonstration] program within

    54  the department to [test the ability] promote and  regulate  the  use  of
    55  ACOs  to  deliver  an  array  of health care services for the purpose of

        A. 8869--B                          3
 
     1  improving the  quality,  coordination  and  accountability  of  services
     2  provided to patients in New York.
     3    3.  The commissioner may issue a certificate of authority to an entity
     4  that meets conditions for ACO certification as set forth in  regulations
     5  [promulgated]  made  by the commissioner pursuant to section twenty-nine
     6  hundred ninety-nine-q of this article. The commissioner shall not [issue
     7  more than seven certificates under this article, and  shall  not]  issue
     8  any  new certificate under this article after December thirty-first, two

     9  thousand [fifteen] sixteen.
    10    4. (a) Notwithstanding subdivision three of this section, the  commis-
    11  sioner  shall issue a certificate of authority as a Medicare-only ACO to
    12  an entity authorized by CMS to be an accountable care organization under
    13  the Medicare program, upon receiving an application to  be  a  Medicare-
    14  only  ACO from the entity documenting its status under this subdivision.
    15  A certificate of authority under this subdivision shall  only  apply  to
    16  the  Medicare-only  ACO's  actions in relation to Medicare beneficiaries
    17  under its authorization from CMS.
    18    (b) To the extent consistent with CMS regulations, a Medicare-only ACO
    19  shall be subject to:

    20    (i) subdivision seven of section twenty-nine hundred ninety-nine-q and
    21  subdivisions one, two and three of section twenty-nine  hundred  ninety-
    22  nine-r  of  this article, without regard to whether the commissioner has
    23  made regulations under this article; and
    24    (ii) other provisions of  this  article  to  the  extent  specifically
    25  provided  by  the commissioner in regulations consistent with this arti-
    26  cle.
    27    5. The commissioner may limit, suspend, or terminate a certificate  of
    28  authority if an ACO is not operating in accordance with this article.
    29    [5.]  6.  The commissioner is authorized to seek federal approvals and
    30  waivers to implement this article, including but not  limited  to  those

    31  approvals  or  waivers  necessary  to  obtain  federal financial partic-
    32  ipation.
    33    § 2999-q. Accountable care organizations; requirements. 1. The commis-
    34  sioner shall [promulgate] make  regulations  establishing  criteria  for
    35  certificates   of  authority,  quality  standards  for  ACOs,  reporting
    36  requirements and other matters deemed to be appropriate and necessary in
    37  the operation and evaluation of [the demonstration program]  ACOs  under
    38  this article. In [promulgating] making such regulations, the commission-
    39  er  shall  consult with the superintendent of financial services, health
    40  care providers, third-party health care payers,  advocates  representing
    41  patients,  and  other  appropriate  parties.  Such  regulations shall be

    42  consistent, to the extent practical and consistent  with  this  article,
    43  with  CMS regulations for accountable care organizations under the Medi-
    44  care program.
    45    2. Such regulations may, and shall as necessary for purposes  of  this
    46  article, address matters including but not limited to:
    47    (a)  The  governance,  leadership  and management structure of the ACO
    48  that reasonably and equitably represents the ACO's participants and  the
    49  ACO's  patients,  including the manner in which clinical and administra-
    50  tive systems and clinical participation will be managed;
    51    (b) Definition of the population proposed to be  served  by  the  ACO,
    52  which  may  include reference to a geographical area and patient charac-
    53  teristics;
    54    (c) The character, competence and fiscal responsibility and  soundness

    55  of an ACO and its principals, if and to the extent deemed appropriate by
    56  the commissioner;

        A. 8869--B                          4
 
     1    (d)  The  adequacy  of  an  ACO's network of participating health care
     2  providers, including primary care health care providers;
     3    (e)  Mechanisms  by  which an ACO will provide, manage, and coordinate
     4  quality health care for its patients [and provide] including where prac-
     5  ticable elevating the services of primary care health care providers  to
     6  meet  patient-centered medical home standards, coordinating services for
     7  complex high-need patients, and providing access to health care  provid-
     8  ers that are not participants in the ACO;
     9    (f)  Mechanisms by which the ACO shall receive and distribute payments

    10  to its participating health care providers, which may include  incentive
    11  payments  (which  may  include  medical home payments) or mechanisms for
    12  pooling payments received by participating health  care  providers  from
    13  third-party payers and patients;
    14    (g)  Mechanisms  and  criteria  for accepting health care providers to
    15  participate in the ACO that are related to  the  needs  of  the  patient
    16  population  to be served and needs and purposes of the ACO, and prevent-
    17  ing unreasonable discrimination;
    18    (h) Mechanisms for quality  assurance  and  grievance  procedures  for
    19  patients  or health care providers where appropriate, and procedures for
    20  reviewing and appealing patient care decisions;
    21    (i)  Mechanisms  that  promote  evidence-based  health  care,  patient
    22  engagement,  coordination  of care, electronic health records, including

    23  participation in health  information  exchanges,  [and]  other  enabling
    24  technologies   and  integrated,  efficient  and  effective  health  care
    25  services;
    26    (j) Performance standards for, and measures to assess, the quality and
    27  utilization of care provided by an ACO;
    28    (k) Appropriate requirements for ACOs to promote compliance  with  the
    29  purposes of this article;
    30    (l)  Posting  on  the department's website information about ACOs that
    31  would be useful to health care providers and patients, including similar
    32  metrics as the commissioner publishes for other  organizations  such  as
    33  Medicaid managed care providers under section three hundred sixty-four-j
    34  of  the social services law and health homes under section three hundred
    35  sixty-five-l of the social services law;

    36    (m) Requirements for the submission of information and  data  by  ACOs
    37  and  their  participating and affiliated health care providers as neces-
    38  sary for the evaluation of the success of  [the  demonstration  program]
    39  ACOs;
    40    (n) Protection of patient rights as appropriate;
    41    (o)  The  impact  of  the  establishment and operation of an ACO [on],
    42  including providing that it shall not diminish access to any health care
    43  service for the population served and in the area served; and
    44    (p) Establishment of standards, as appropriate, to promote the ability
    45  of an ACO to participate in applicable federal programs for ACOs.
    46    3. (a) The ACO shall  provide  for  meaningful  participation  in  the
    47  composition and control of the ACO's governing body for ACO participants

    48  or their designated representatives.
    49    (b)  The  ACO governing body shall include at least one representative
    50  of each of the following groups:  (i)  recipients  of  Medicaid,  family
    51  health plus, or child health plus; (ii) persons with other health cover-
    52  age;  and  (iii) persons who do not have health coverage. Such represen-
    53  tatives shall have no conflict of interest with the ACO and no immediate
    54  family member with a conflict of interest with the ACO.
    55    (c) At least seventy-five percent control of the ACO's governing  body
    56  shall be held by ACO participants.

        A. 8869--B                          5
 
     1    (d) Members of the ACO governing body shall have a fiduciary relation-

     2  ship  with the ACO and shall be subject to conflict of interest require-
     3  ments adopted by the ACO and in regulations of the commissioner.
     4    (e)  The ACO's finances, including dividends and other return on capi-
     5  tal, debt structure, executive compensation, and ACO participant compen-
     6  sation, shall be arranged and conducted to maximize the  achievement  of
     7  the purposes of this article.
     8    4.  (a) An ACO shall use its best efforts to include among its partic-
     9  ipants, on reasonable  terms  and  conditions,  any  federally-qualified
    10  health  center  that  is willing to be a participant and that serves the
    11  area and population served by the ACO.
    12    (b) An ACO may seek to focus on  providing  health  care  services  to

    13  patients  with one or more chronic conditions or special needs. However,
    14  an ACO may not otherwise, on the basis of a person's  medical  or  demo-
    15  graphic  characteristics,  discriminate  for or against or discourage or
    16  encourage any person or person with respect to enrolling or  participat-
    17  ing in the ACO.
    18    (c)  An ACO shall not, by incentives or otherwise, discourage a health
    19  care provider from providing or an  enrollee  or  patient  from  seeking
    20  appropriate health care services.
    21    (d) An ACO shall not discriminate against or disadvantage a patient or
    22  patient's representative for the exercise of patient autonomy.
    23    (e) An ACO may not limit or restrict beneficiaries to use of providers

    24  contracted  or affiliated with the ACO. An ACO may not require a patient
    25  to obtain the prior approval, from a primary care gatekeeper  or  other-
    26  wise,  before  utilizing the services of other providers. An ACO may not
    27  make adverse determinations as defined in  article  forty-nine  of  this
    28  chapter.
    29    5.    An  ACO  may  provide  care  coordination  for its participating
    30  patients, which (a) shall include but not be limited to managing, refer-
    31  ring to, locating, coordinating, and monitoring health care services for
    32  the member to assure that all medically necessary health  care  services
    33  are made available to and are effectively used by the member in a timely
    34  manner,  consistent  with patient autonomy; and (b) is not a requirement

    35  for prior authorization for health care services, and referral shall not
    36  be required for a member to receive a health care service.
    37    6. (a) Subject to regulations of the  commissioner:  (i)  an  ACO  may
    38  enter  into arrangements with one or more third-party health care payers
    39  to establish payment methodologies for  health  care  services  for  the
    40  third-party  health  care  payer's  enrollees provided by the ACO or for
    41  which the ACO is responsible, such as  full  or  partial  capitation  or
    42  other arrangements; (ii) such arrangements may include provision for the
    43  ACO to receive and distribute payments to the ACO's participating health
    44  care  providers,  including  incentive  payments and payments for health
    45  care services from third-party health  care  payers  and  patients;  and
    46  (iii)  an  ACO  may  include mechanisms for pooling payments received by

    47  participating  health  care  providers  from  third-party   payers   and
    48  patients.
    49    (b)  Subject  to regulations of the commissioner, the commissioner, in
    50  consultation with the superintendent of financial services, may  author-
    51  ize  a third-party health care payer to participate in payment methodol-
    52  ogies with an ACO under this subdivision, notwithstanding  any  contrary
    53  provision  of  this chapter, the insurance law, the social services law,
    54  or the elder law, on finding that the payment methodology is  consistent
    55  with the purposes of this article.

        A. 8869--B                          6
 
     1    [4.]  (c)  An ACO may contract with a third-party health care payer to
     2  serve as all or part of the third-party  health  care  payer's  provider

     3  network  or care coordination agent, provided in that case the ACO shall
     4  be subject to all provisions of this chapter or the insurance law  which
     5  are  applicable  to  the provider network of the third-party health care
     6  payer.
     7    7. The provision of health care services directly or indirectly by  an
     8  ACO  through  health care providers shall not be considered the practice
     9  of a profession under title eight of the education law by the ACO.
    10    § 2999-r. Other laws. 1. (a) It is the policy of the state  to  permit
    11  and  encourage  cooperative,  collaborative and integrative arrangements
    12  among third-party health care payers and health care providers who might
    13  otherwise be competitors under the active supervision of the commission-
    14  er. To the extent that it is necessary to  accomplish  the  purposes  of

    15  this  article,  competition  may be supplanted and the state may provide
    16  state action immunity under state and federal antitrust laws  to  payors
    17  and health care providers.
    18    (b)  The  commissioner  [may]  shall  engage  in  state supervision to
    19  promote state action immunity under state and federal antitrust laws and
    20  may inspect, require, or request additional documentation and take other
    21  actions under this article to verify and make sure that this article  is
    22  implemented in accordance with its intent and purpose.
    23    2.  With  respect  to  the  planning, implementation, and operation of
    24  ACOs, the commissioner, by regulation, [may] shall specifically  deline-
    25  ate  safe harbors that exempt ACOs from the application of the following
    26  statutes:
    27    (a) article  twenty-two  of  the  general  business  law  relating  to

    28  arrangements and agreements in restraint of trade;
    29    (b)  article one hundred thirty-one-A of the education law relating to
    30  fee-splitting arrangements; and
    31    (c) title two-D of article two of this chapter relating to health care
    32  practitioner referrals.
    33    3. For the purposes of this article, an ACO shall be deemed  to  be  a
    34  hospital  for  purposes of sections twenty-eight hundred five-j, twenty-
    35  eight hundred  five-k,  twenty-eight  hundred  five-l  and  twenty-eight
    36  hundred  five-m  of  this  chapter  and  subdivisions  three and five of
    37  section sixty-five hundred twenty-seven of the education law.
    38    4.  The commissioner is authorized to seek federal grants,  approvals,
    39  and  waivers  to  implement  this  article,  including federal financial
    40  participation under  public  health  coverage.  The  commissioner  shall

    41  provide  copies  of  applications and other documents, including drafts,
    42  submitted  to  the  federal  government  seeking  such  federal  grants,
    43  approvals,  and  waivers  to the chairs of the senate finance committee,
    44  the assembly ways and means  committee,  and  the  senate  and  assembly
    45  health  committees  simultaneously  with their submission to the federal
    46  government.
    47    5. The commissioner may directly, or by contract  with  not-for-profit
    48  organizations, provide:
    49    (a)  consumer  assistance  to  patients served by an ACO as to matters
    50  relating to ACOs;
    51    (b) technical and other assistance to health  care  providers  partic-
    52  ipating in an ACO as to matters relating to the ACO;

    53    (c)  assistance  to  ACOs to promote their formation and improve their
    54  operation, including assistance under section twenty-eight hundred eigh-
    55  teen of this chapter; and

        A. 8869--B                          7
 
     1    (d) information sharing and other assistance among ACOs to improve the
     2  operation of ACOs.
     3    § 2. The commissioner of health shall convene a workgroup to develop a
     4  proposal  whereby an ACO may serve, in place of a managed care plan: (a)
     5  Medicaid enrollees otherwise required to participate  in  managed  care,
     6  care  management, or care coordination under section 364-j of the social
     7  services law, section 4403-f of the public health law, or other law; and
     8  (b) enrollees in family health plus  under  section  369-ee  or  section

     9  369-ff  of  the  social services law and the child health insurance plan
    10  under title 1-A of article 25 of the public health  law.  The  workgroup
    11  shall  include,  but  not be limited to, representatives of: accountable
    12  care organizations or entities  seeking  to  form  an  accountable  care
    13  organization  under  article  29-E of the public health law; health care
    14  providers serving Medicaid enrollees; Medicaid, family health plus,  and
    15  child  health insurance plan enrollees; and the senate and the assembly.
    16  The workgroup shall report its recommendations for regulatory or  statu-
    17  tory actions to the governor, the commissioner of health, and the legis-
    18  lature.
    19    §  3. Section 2818 of the public health law is amended by adding a new
    20  subdivision 7 to read as follows:
    21    7. Notwithstanding subdivisions one and two of this section,  sections

    22  one hundred twelve and one hundred sixty-three of the state finance law,
    23  or  any  other inconsistent provision of law, of the funds available for
    24  expenditure pursuant to this section, the commissioner may allocate  and
    25  distribute,  without  a competitive bid or request for proposal process,
    26  grants to accountable care organizations under article twenty-nine-E  of
    27  this  chapter for the purpose of promoting their formation and improving
    28  their operation.   Consideration relied  upon  by  the  commissioner  in
    29  determining  the  allocation  and  distribution  of  these  funds  shall
    30  include, but not be limited  to,  the  need  for  and  capacity  of  the
    31  accountable  care  organization  to  accomplish  the purposes of article

    32  twenty-nine-E of this chapter in the area to be served.
    33    § 4. This act shall take effect immediately.
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