A09791 Summary:

COSPNSRJoyner, Weprin, Davila, Robinson, Raia, Blake, Magee, Crespo, Cook, Jaffee, Duprey, Rosenthal
Amd §801, Ed L
Relates to instruction on the Garifuna people.
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A09791 Actions:

04/08/2016referred to education
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A09791 Memo:

submitted in accordance with Assembly Rule III, Sec 1(f)
SPONSOR: Sepulveda
  TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the education law, in relation to instruction on the Garifuna people   PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL: This purpose of this bill is to increase awareness and cultural compe- tency throughout the New York State community by making that Garifuna people a mandatory part of our education curriculum.   SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS: Section 1. Calls upon the regents of the university of the State of New York to include the "the history of the Garifuna People" to a previously established list of pedagogically important historical topics. This section also ensures that there rules regarding attendance during the instruction of this added materials, enforced by the commissioner. Section 2. This act shall take effect immediately.   JUSTIFICATION: The Garifuna are an ethnic group of mixed ancestry - descendants of Carib, Arawak and African people living along the Caribbean Coast in Belize, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Honduras and St. Vincent and the Grena- dines. A seafaring people, they arrived in the United States as merchant marines during World War II. Today, New York City is home to the largest Garifuna population outside of Central America with an estimated 200,000 living in the South Bronx, Brownsville and East New York in Brooklyn, and Harlem. This part of our population represents the growing Afro-Latino represen- tation within New York State. With the growing representation it is important to make sure that the New York State community is attuned to interacting and understanding the histories of our neighbors. Garifuna history is not just Central American history but also New York history. Adding the history of the Garifuna people to our educational curriculum contributes to the bridging of cultural and historical blind spots in our understanding of how New York became what it is today. The inclusion of the history of Garifuna people is not unprecedented since New York State educates our students on other immigrant histories such as: the Holocaust, mass starvation of Ireland from 1845 to 1850 and various other human rights issues related to genocide. The inclusion of Garifuna history will educate a better New York workforce that would.have an understanding of not solely domestic and European history, but also Latin American and Afro-diasporic.   PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: New Bill.   FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: To be determined.   EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect on the first of next July.
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A09791 Text:

                STATE OF NEW YORK
                   IN ASSEMBLY
                                      April 8, 2016
        Introduced  by  M.  of  A.  SEPULVEDA  --  read once and referred to the
          Committee on Education
        AN ACT to amend the education law, in relation  to  instruction  on  the
          Garifuna people
          The  People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem-
        bly, do enact as follows:
     1    Section 1. Subdivisions 1 and 3 of section 801 of the  education  law,
     2  as  amended  by  chapter 574 of the laws of 1997, are amended to read as
     3  follows:
     4    1. In order to promote a spirit of patriotic  and  civic  service  and
     5  obligation  and  to foster in the children of the state moral and intel-
     6  lectual qualities which are essential in preparing  to  meet  the  obli-
     7  gations of citizenship in peace or in war, the regents of The University
     8  of  the  State  of  New  York  shall prescribe courses of instruction in
     9  patriotism, citizenship, and human rights issues, with particular atten-
    10  tion to the study of the inhumanity of genocide, slavery (including  the
    11  freedom  trail  and underground railroad), the Holocaust, the history of
    12  the Garifuna people, and the mass starvation in  Ireland  from  1845  to
    13  1850, to be maintained and followed in all the schools of the state. The
    14  boards  of  education  and  trustees  of  the  several cities and school
    15  districts of the state shall require instruction to  be  given  in  such
    16  courses,  by  the  teachers  employed in the schools therein. All pupils
    17  attending such schools, over the age of eight years, shall  attend  upon
    18  such instruction.
    19    Similar  courses  of instruction shall be prescribed and maintained in
    20  private schools in the state, and all pupils in such schools over  eight
    21  years  of age shall attend upon such courses. If such courses are not so
    22  established and maintained in a private school, attendance upon instruc-
    23  tion in such school shall not  be  deemed  substantially  equivalent  to
    24  instruction  given  to  pupils  of like age in the public schools of the
    25  city or district in which such pupils reside.
    26    3. The regents shall determine the subjects to  be  included  in  such
    27  courses  of  instruction  in  patriotism,  citizenship, and human rights
    28  issues, with particular attention to the  study  of  the  inhumanity  of
         EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                              [ ] is old law to be omitted.

        A. 9791                             2
     1  genocide,  slavery  (including  the  freedom trail and underground rail-
     2  road), the Holocaust, the history of the Garifuna people, and  the  mass
     3  starvation  in  Ireland  from 1845 to 1850, and in the history, meaning,
     4  significance  and  effect  of  the provisions of the constitution of the
     5  United States, the amendments thereto, the declaration of  independence,
     6  the  constitution  of  the state of New York and the amendments thereto,
     7  and the period of instruction in each of the grades  in  such  subjects.
     8  They  shall  adopt  rules providing for attendance upon such instruction
     9  and for such other matters as are required for carrying into effect  the
    10  objects  and purposes of this section. The commissioner shall be respon-
    11  sible for the  enforcement  of  such  section  and  shall  cause  to  be
    12  inspected  and  supervise  the instruction to be given in such subjects.
    13  The commissioner may, in his discretion, cause all or a portion  of  the
    14  public  school money to be apportioned to a district or city to be with-
    15  held for failure of the school authorities of such district or  city  to
    16  provide  instruction  in such courses and to compel attendance upon such
    17  instruction, as herein prescribed, and for  a  non-compliance  with  the
    18  rules of the regents adopted as herein provided.
    19    §  2.  This act shall take effect on the first of July next succeeding
    20  the date on which it shall have become a law.
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