A11188 Summary:

BILL NOA11188A
 
SAME ASSAME AS S09019-A
 
SPONSORRules (Braunstein)
 
COSPNSRGunther, Weprin, Paulin
 
MLTSPNSR
 
Add §245.15, Pen L; amd §530.11, CP L; amd §812, Fam Ct Act; add §52-b, Civ Rts L
 
Establishes the crime of unlawful dissemination or publication of an intimate image and creates a private right of action for such crime.
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A11188 Actions:

BILL NOA11188A
 
06/13/2018referred to codes
06/14/2018reported referred to rules
06/15/2018amend (t) and recommit to rules
06/15/2018print number 11188a
06/18/2018reported
06/18/2018rules report cal.268
06/18/2018ordered to third reading rules cal.268
06/19/2018passed assembly
06/19/2018delivered to senate
06/19/2018REFERRED TO RULES
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A11188 Committee Votes:

CODES Chair:Lentol DATE:06/14/2018AYE/NAY:20/0 Action: Favorable refer to committee Rules
LentolAyeCurranAye
SchimmingerAyeGiglioAye
PretlowAyeMontesanoAye
CookAyeMorinelloAye
CymbrowitzAyePalumboAye
TitusAbsentGarbarinoAye
O'DonnellAbsent
LavineAye
PerryAye
ZebrowskiAye
AbinantiAye
WeprinAye
MosleyAye
HevesiAye
FahyAye
SeawrightAye

RULES Chair:Heastie DATE:06/18/2018AYE/NAY:30/0 Action: Favorable
HeastieAyeKolbAye
GottfriedAyeOaksAye
LentolAyeButlerAye
GanttExcusedCrouchAye
NolanAyeFinchAye
WeinsteinAyeBarclayAye
HooperAyeRaiaAye
OrtizAyeHawleyAye
PretlowAye
CookAye
GlickAye
MorelleAye
AubryAye
EnglebrightAye
DinowitzAye
ColtonAye
MagnarelliAye
PerryAye
GalefAye
PaulinAye
TitusAye
Peoples-StokesAye
BenedettoAye

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A11188 Floor Votes:

DATE:06/19/2018Assembly Vote  YEA/NAY: 145/0
AbbateYCookYGarbarinoYLupardoYPellegrinoYStecY
AbinantiYCrespoYGiglioYMageeYPeoples-StokesYSteckY
ArroyoYCrouchYGlickYMagnarelliYPerryYSternY
AshbyYCurranYGoodellYMalliotakisYPheffer AmatoYStirpeY
AubryYCusickYGottfriedYMcDonaldYPichardoYTagueY
BarclayYCymbrowitzYGuntherYMcDonoughYPretlowYTaylorY
BarnwellYDavilaYHawleyYMikulinYQuartYThieleY
BarrettYDe La RosaYHevesiYMiller B YRaYTitoneY
BarronYDenDekkerYHikindYMiller MGYRaiaYTitusY
BenedettoYDickensYHooperYMiller MLYRamosYVanelY
BichotteYDilanYHunterYMontesanoYRichardsonYWalkerY
BlakeYDinowitzYHyndmanYMorelleYRiveraYWallaceY
BlankenbushYDiPietroYJaffeeYMorinelloYRodriguezYWalshY
BohenYD'UrsoYJean-PierreYMosleyYRosenthal D YWalterY
BrabenecYEnglebrightYJenneYMurrayYRosenthal L YWeinsteinY
BraunsteinYEpsteinYJohnsYNiouYRozicYWeprinY
BrindisiYErrigoYJonesYNolanYRyanYWilliamsY
BronsonYEspinalYJoynerYNorrisYSantabarbaraYWoernerY
BuchwaldYFahyYKimYOaksYSchimmingerYWrightY
ButlerYFernandezYKolbYO'DonnellYSeawrightYZebrowskiY
ByrneYFinchYLalorYOrtizYSimonYMr. SpeakerY
CahillYFitzpatrickYLavineYOtisYSimotasY
CarrollYFriendYLawrenceYPalmesanoYSkoufisY
CastorinaYGalefYLentolYPalumboYSmithY
ColtonYGanttERLiftonYPaulinYSolagesY

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A11188 Text:



 
                STATE OF NEW YORK
        ________________________________________________________________________
 
                                        11188--A
 
                   IN ASSEMBLY
 
                                      June 13, 2018
                                       ___________
 
        Introduced  by COMMITTEE ON RULES -- (at request of M. of A. Braunstein,
          Gunther) -- read once and  referred  to  the  Committee  on  Codes  --
          reported  and  referred  to  the Committee on Rules -- Rules Committee
          discharged, bill amended, ordered reprinted as amended and recommitted
          to the Committee on Rules
 
        AN ACT to amend the penal law, the criminal procedure  law,  the  family
          court  act  and  the civil rights law, in relation to establishing the
          crime of unlawful dissemination or publication of an intimate image
 
          The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and  Assem-
        bly, do enact as follows:
 
     1    Section  1. The penal law is amended by adding a new section 245.15 to
     2  read as follows:
     3  § 245.15 Unlawful dissemination or publication of an intimate image.
     4    1. A person is guilty of unlawful dissemination or publication  of  an
     5  intimate image when:
     6    (a)  with intent to cause material harm to the emotional, financial or
     7  physical welfare of another person, he or she intentionally disseminates
     8  or publishes a still or video image of such other person, who  is  iden-
     9  tifiable  from  the  still  or  video  image  itself or from information
    10  displayed in connection with the still  or  video  image,  without  such
    11  other person's consent, which depicts:
    12    (i) an unclothed or exposed intimate part of such other person; or
    13    (ii) such other person engaging in sexual conduct as defined in subdi-
    14  vision ten of section 130.00 of this chapter with another person; and
    15    (b)  such  still or video image was taken under circumstances when the
    16  person depicted had a reasonable expectation of privacy  and  the  actor
    17  knew  or  reasonably  should have known the person depicted intended for
    18  the still or video image to remain private indefinitely,  regardless  of
    19  whether the actor was present when the still or video image was taken.
    20    2.  For purposes of this section "intimate part" means the naked geni-
    21  tals, pubic area, anus or female nipple of the person.
    22    2-a. For purposes of this section "disseminate"  and  "publish"  shall
    23  have the same meaning as defined in section 250.40 of this title.
    24    3. This section shall not apply to the following:
 
         EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                              [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                                   LBD16264-08-8

        A. 11188--A                         2
 
     1    (a) the reporting of unlawful conduct;
     2    (b)  dissemination  or  publication  of  an intimate image made during
     3  lawful and common practices of law  enforcement,  legal  proceedings  or
     4  medical treatment;
     5    (c) images involving voluntary exposure in a commercial setting;
     6    (d)  dissemination  or  publication  of  an  intimate image made for a
     7  legitimate public purpose;
     8    (e) providers of an interactive computer service for  images  provided
     9  by  another  person.    For  purposes  of this subdivision, "interactive
    10  computer service" shall mean: any information service, system or  access
    11  software  provider  that provides or enables computer access by multiple
    12  users to a computer server, including specifically a service  or  system
    13  that  provides  access  to  the  internet  and  such systems operated or
    14  services offered by libraries or educational institutions.
    15    Unlawful dissemination or publication of an intimate image is a  class
    16  A misdemeanor.
    17    §  2.  The opening paragraph of subdivision 1 of section 530.11 of the
    18  criminal procedure law, as amended by section 4 of part NN of chapter 55
    19  of the laws of 2018, is amended to read as follows:
    20    The family court and the criminal courts shall have concurrent  juris-
    21  diction  over  any  proceeding  concerning  acts  which would constitute
    22  disorderly conduct, unlawful dissemination or publication of an intimate
    23  image, harassment in the first degree, harassment in the second  degree,
    24  aggravated  harassment in the second degree, sexual misconduct, forcible
    25  touching, sexual abuse in the third degree, sexual abuse in  the  second
    26  degree  as  set  forth in subdivision one of section 130.60 of the penal
    27  law, stalking in the first degree, stalking in the second degree, stalk-
    28  ing in the  third  degree,  stalking  in  the  fourth  degree,  criminal
    29  mischief,  menacing  in the second degree, menacing in the third degree,
    30  reckless endangerment, strangulation in the first degree,  strangulation
    31  in  the second degree, criminal obstruction of breathing or blood circu-
    32  lation, assault in the second degree, assault in the  third  degree,  an
    33  attempted assault, identity theft in the first degree, identity theft in
    34  the  second degree, identity theft in the third degree, grand larceny in
    35  the fourth degree, grand larceny in the third degree,  coercion  in  the
    36  second  degree  or coercion in the third degree as set forth in subdivi-
    37  sions one, two and three of section 135.60  of  the  penal  law  between
    38  spouses  or  former  spouses,  or  between  parent  and child or between
    39  members of the same family or household except that  if  the  respondent
    40  would not be criminally responsible by reason of age pursuant to section
    41  30.00  of  the  penal  law,  then  the family court shall have exclusive
    42  jurisdiction  over  such  proceeding.  Notwithstanding  a  complainant's
    43  election  to  proceed  in  family court, the criminal court shall not be
    44  divested of jurisdiction to hear a family offense proceeding pursuant to
    45  this  section.  For  purposes  of  this  section,  "disorderly  conduct"
    46  includes disorderly conduct not in a public place.  For purposes of this
    47  section,  "members  of  the  same family or household" with respect to a
    48  proceeding in the criminal courts shall mean the following:
    49    § 3. The opening paragraph of subdivision 1  of  section  812  of  the
    50  family  court  act,  as amended by section 5 of part NN of chapter 55 of
    51  the laws of 2018, is amended to read as follows:
    52    The family court and the criminal courts shall have concurrent  juris-
    53  diction  over  any  proceeding  concerning  acts  which would constitute
    54  disorderly conduct, unlawful dissemination or publication of an intimate
    55  image, harassment in the first degree, harassment in the second  degree,
    56  aggravated  harassment in the second degree, sexual misconduct, forcible

        A. 11188--A                         3
 
     1  touching, sexual abuse in the third degree, sexual abuse in  the  second
     2  degree  as  set  forth in subdivision one of section 130.60 of the penal
     3  law, stalking in the first degree, stalking in the second degree, stalk-
     4  ing  in  the  third  degree,  stalking  in  the  fourth degree, criminal
     5  mischief, menacing in the second degree, menacing in the  third  degree,
     6  reckless endangerment, criminal obstruction of breathing or blood circu-
     7  lation,  strangulation  in the second degree, strangulation in the first
     8  degree, assault in the second degree, assault in the  third  degree,  an
     9  attempted assault, identity theft in the first degree, identity theft in
    10  the  second degree, identity theft in the third degree, grand larceny in
    11  the fourth degree, grand larceny in the third degree,  coercion  in  the
    12  second  degree  or coercion in the third degree as set forth in subdivi-
    13  sions one, two and three of section 135.60  of  the  penal  law  between
    14  spouses  or  former  spouses,  or  between  parent  and child or between
    15  members of the same family or household except that  if  the  respondent
    16  would not be criminally responsible by reason of age pursuant to section
    17  30.00  of  the  penal  law,  then  the family court shall have exclusive
    18  jurisdiction  over  such  proceeding.  Notwithstanding  a  complainant's
    19  election  to  proceed  in  family court, the criminal court shall not be
    20  divested of jurisdiction to hear a family offense proceeding pursuant to
    21  this section. In any proceeding pursuant to this article, a court  shall
    22  not  deny  an  order of protection, or dismiss a petition, solely on the
    23  basis that the acts or events alleged are not relatively contemporaneous
    24  with the date of the petition, the conclusion of the fact-finding or the
    25  conclusion of the dispositional hearing. For purposes of  this  article,
    26  "disorderly  conduct" includes disorderly conduct not in a public place.
    27  For purposes of this article, "members of the same family or  household"
    28  shall mean the following:
    29    §  4.  The civil rights law is amended by adding a new section 52-b to
    30  read as follows:
    31    § 52-b. Private right of action for unlawful dissemination or publica-
    32  tion of an intimate image. 1. a. Any website or internet service provid-
    33  er that hosts or transmits a still or  video  image,  viewable  in  this
    34  state, taken under circumstances where the person depicted had a reason-
    35  able expectation of privacy, which depicts:
    36    (i)  an  unclothed  or  exposed  intimate  part, as defined in section
    37  245.15 of the penal law, of a resident of this state; or
    38    (ii) a resident of this state engaging in sexual conduct as defined in
    39  subdivision ten of section 130.00 of the penal law with another  person;
    40  and
    41    b.  Such  still  or  video  image is hosted or transmitted without the
    42  consent of such resident of this state, shall  be  subject  to  personal
    43  jurisdiction  in  a  civil  action  in  this state to the maximum extent
    44  permitted under the United States constitution and federal law.
    45    2. Regardless of whether or not the original still or video image  was
    46  consensually obtained, a person depicted in a still or video image shall
    47  have  a  cause  of  action against an individual who, for the purpose of
    48  harassing, annoying or alarming such person, disseminated or  published,
    49  or  threatened  to  disseminate  or  publish, such still or video image,
    50  where such image:
    51    a. was taken when such person had a reasonable expectation of privacy;
    52  and
    53    b. depicts (i) an unclothed or exposed intimate part of  such  person;
    54  or  (ii)  such person engaging in sexual conduct, as defined in subdivi-
    55  sion ten of section 130.00 of the penal law, with another person; and

        A. 11188--A                         4
 
     1    c. was disseminated or published, or threatened to be disseminated  or
     2  published, without the consent of such person.
     3    3.  In  any  action  commenced  pursuant  to  subdivision  two of this
     4  section, the finder of fact, in its  discretion,  may  award  injunctive
     5  relief,  punitive  damages,  compensatory  damages  and reasonable court
     6  costs and attorney's fees.
     7    4. This section shall not apply to the following:
     8    a. the reporting of unlawful conduct;
     9    b. dissemination or publication of an intimate still  or  video  image
    10  made  during  lawful  and  common  practices  of  law enforcement, legal
    11  proceedings or medical treatment;
    12    c. images involving voluntary exposure in a commercial setting; or
    13    d. dissemination or publication of an intimate still  or  video  image
    14  made for a legitimate public purpose.
    15    5.  Any  person  depicted  in  a  still or video image that depicts an
    16  unclothed or exposed intimate part of such person, or such person engag-
    17  ing in sexual conduct as defined in subdivision ten of section 130.00 of
    18  the penal law with another person, which is  disseminated  or  published
    19  without  the  consent of such person and where such person had a reason-
    20  able expectation of privacy, may maintain an action or special  proceed-
    21  ing for a court order to require any website or internet service provid-
    22  er  that  is  subject  to personal jurisdiction under subdivision one of
    23  this section to permanently remove such still or video image.
    24    6. A cause of action or special proceeding under this section shall be
    25  commenced the later of either:
    26    a. three years after the dissemination or publication of an image; or
    27    b. one year from the date a person  discovers,  or  reasonably  should
    28  have discovered, the dissemination or publication of such image.
    29    7. Nothing herein shall be read to require a prior criminal complaint,
    30  prosecution  or  conviction  to  establish  the elements of the cause of
    31  action provided for by this section.
    32    8. The provisions of this section are in addition to,  but  shall  not
    33  supersede, any other rights or remedies available in law or equity.
    34    9.  If  any provision of this section or its application to any person
    35  or circumstance is held invalid, the invalidity shall not  affect  other
    36  provisions  or  applications  of  this section which can be given effect
    37  without the invalid provision  or  application,  and  to  this  end  the
    38  provisions of this section are severable.
    39    §  5.  This  act  shall take effect on the sixtieth day after it shall
    40  have become a law; provided, however, that:
    41    (a) if section 4 of part NN of chapter 55 of the laws  of  2018  shall
    42  not have taken effect on or before such effective date, then section two
    43  of this act shall take effect on the same date and in the same manner as
    44  such section of such chapter of the laws of 2018, takes effect; and
    45    (b)  if  section  5 of part NN of chapter 55 of the laws of 2018 shall
    46  not have taken effect on or before such  effective  date,  then  section
    47  three  of  this  act  shall take effect on the same date and in the same
    48  manner as such section of such  chapter  of  the  laws  of  2018,  takes
    49  effect.
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