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A00141 Memo:

submitted in accordance with Assembly Rule III, Sec 1(f)
SPONSOR: Kavanagh
  TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the public health law, in relation to fluoride additives in water   PURPOSE: To set an optimal target level and a maximum level of fluor- ide for public water systems   SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS: Section 1 of the bill would amend section 1100-a of the public health law by adding a new subdivision 3 to set an optimal fluoride target level of 0.7 milligrams per liter and a maximum fluoride level of 0.8 milligrams per liter for any public water supply to which fluoride is added. Section 2 of the bill sets forth the effective date.   JUSTIFICATION: The Federal Safe Drinking Water Act of 1974 requires the US Environmental Protection Agency to determine the maximum level of fluoride permitted in drinking water, with both enforceable and non-en- forceable goals. Until recently, the recommendation for optimal fluori- dation from both the EPA and the US Department of Health and Human Services for public water systems that add fluoride had been a range of 0.7 to 1.2 milligrams per liter (mg/L), In January 2011, based on new assessments aimed at striking a balance between preventing tooth decay and limiting potential harmful effects of over-fluoridation, the agen- cies issued a new recommendation of 0.7 mg/L. Currently, New York State enforces a range of 0.8 mg/L to 1.2 mg/L for public water supply systems that fluoridate, well above the new EPA and HHS recommendation. Given that most people are also exposed to fluoride in toothpaste, which is a more effective way of applying it, New York State risks adverse effects by continuing to fluoridate our water at higher levels than necessary.   LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: 2012: A10398 (Kavanagh) - Health   FISCAL IMPACT ON THE STATE: This bill would have no significant fiscal impact on the state and would reduce costs to public water systems that fluoridate water.   EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect on the 90th day after it shall have become a law. Effective immediately, any rules, regulations, and actions necessary to implement the provisions of this act on its effective date are authorized to be made prior to such date.
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