STATE OF NEW YORK
Cal. No. 1440
2015-2016 Regular Sessions
March 26, 2015
Introduced by Sens. AVELLA, LATIMER -- read twice and ordered printed,
and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Environmental
Conservation -- recommitted to the Committee on Environmental Conser-
vation in accordance with Senate Rule 6, sec. 8 -- committee
discharged, bill amended, ordered reprinted as amended and recommitted
to said committee -- committee discharged, bill amended, ordered
reprinted as amended and recommitted to said committee -- committee
discharged, bill amended, ordered reprinted as amended and recommitted
to said committee -- committee discharged and said bill committed to
the Committee on Rules -- reported favorably from said committee to
third reading, amended and ordered reprinted, retaining its place in
the order of third reading
AN ACT to amend the environmental conservation law, in relation to
establishing a product stewardship program for primary batteries
The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem-bly, do enact as follows:
1 Section 1. Article 27 of the environmental conservation law is amended
2 by adding a new title 16 to read as follows:
3 TITLE 16
4 PRODUCT STEWARDSHIP
5 FOR PRIMARY BATTERIES
6 Section 27-1601. Definitions.
7 27-1603. Primary battery registration.
8 27-1605. Primary battery stewardship plan.
9 27-1607. Annual report; plan audit.
10 27-1609. Agency responsibilities.
11 27-1611. Retailer obligations.
12 27-1613. Administrative fee.
13 27-1615. Penalties.
14 27-1617. Rulemaking; procedure.
15 § 27-1601. Definitions.
EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
 is old law to be omitted.
S. 4522--D 2
1 When used in this title:
2 1. "Department" means the department of environmental conservation.
3 2. "Brand" means a name, symbol, word, or traceable mark that identi-
4 fies a primary battery and attributes the primary battery to the owner
5 or licensee of the brand as the producer.
6 3. "Collection rate" means a percentage by weight that each producer
7 or producers collects by an established date. The collection rate shall
8 be calculated by weight based on the percentage of primary batteries
9 that are collected during a calendar year, as compared to the average
10 weight of primary batteries that were estimated to have been sold in the
11 state by participating producers during the three previous calendar
12 years. Estimates of primary batteries sold in the state may be based on
13 a reasonable pro rata calculation based on national sales.
14 4. "Consumer" means any person who returns any number of unwanted
15 primary batteries.
16 5. "Discarded primary battery" means a primary battery that is no
17 longer used for its manufactured purpose, wanted by its owner, or for
18 any other reason enters the waste collection, recovery, treatment or
19 recycling system.
20 6. "Easily removable" means readily detachable by a person without the
21 use of tools or with the use of common household tools.
22 7. "Primary battery" means a nonrechargeable battery weighing two
23 kilograms or less, including alkaline, carbon-zinc, and lithium metal.
24 Primary battery shall not mean:
25 (A) Batteries intended for industrial, business to business, warranty
26 or maintenance services, or nonpersonal use;
27 (B) A battery that is not easily removable or is not intended to be
28 removed from a consumer product; and
29 (C) A battery that is sold or used in a medical device regulated by
30 the United States Food and Drug Administration.
31 8. "Primary battery stewardship plan" or "plan" means a plan submitted
32 to the commissioner pursuant to section 27-1605 of this title by an
33 individual producer or by two or more producers acting collectively.
34 9. "Producer" means one of the following with regard to a primary
35 battery that is sold, offered for sale, or distributed in the state:
36 a. a person who manufactures a primary battery and who sells, offers
37 for sale, or distributes that primary battery in the state under the
38 person's own name or brand;
39 b. if subparagraph a of this paragraph does not apply, a person who
40 owns or licenses a trademark or brand under which a primary battery is
41 sold, offered for sale, or distributed in the state, whether or not the
42 trademark is registered; or
43 c. if subparagraphs a and b of this paragraph do not apply, a person
44 who imports a primary battery into the state for sale or distribution.
45 10. "Program" or "stewardship program" means the system for the
46 collection, transportation, recycling, and disposal of primary batteries
47 implemented pursuant to an approved primary battery stewardship plan.
48 11. "Rechargeable battery" shall have the same meaning as subdivision
49 four of section 27-1803 of this article.
50 12. "Recycling" means any process by which discarded products, compo-
51 nents, and by-products are transformed into new usable or marketable
52 materials in a manner in which the original products may lose their
53 identity, but does not include energy recovery or energy generation by
54 means of combusting discarded products, components, and by-products with
55 or without other waste products.
S. 4522--D 3
1 13. "Retailer" means a person who offers a primary battery for sale to
2 any consumer or business at retail in the state through any means,
3 including remote offerings such as sales outlets, catalogues, or an
4 internet website.
5 § 27-1603. Primary battery registration.
6 1. Sale prohibited. Beginning January first, two thousand eighteen,
7 except as set forth under this subdivision, a producer of a primary
8 battery shall not sell, offer for sale, or deliver to a retailer for
9 subsequent sale a primary battery unless all of the following has been
11 a. the producer is registered under an approved and implemented prima-
12 ry battery stewardship plan;
13 b. the producer or producers have paid the fee under section 27-1613
14 of this title; and
15 c. the producer or producers and the brand of such producer or produc-
16 ers designated on the department website are identified as covered by an
17 approved primary battery stewardship plan.
18 2. New producers. A producer who, after January first, two thousand
19 eighteen, seeks to sell, offer for sale, or offer for promotional
20 purposes in the state a primary battery not previously sold in the
21 state, shall notify the commissioner prior to selling or offering a
22 product not covered by a stewardship plan in the state. The commissioner
23 shall list a producer who supplies notice under this subdivision as a
24 "new producer" on the department's website. A producer that supplies
25 notice under this subdivision shall have ninety days to either act coop-
26 eratively with at least one other producer or to submit its own primary
27 battery stewardship plan for approval to the state.
28 3. Exemption. A producer who annually sells, offers for sale, distrib-
29 utes, or imports in the state primary batteries with a total retail
30 value of less than five hundred dollars shall be exempt from the
31 requirements of this title.
32 § 27-1605. Primary battery stewardship plan.
33 1. Primary battery stewardship plan required. On or before April
34 first, two thousand seventeen, each producer selling, offering for sale,
35 or offering for promotional purposes a primary battery in the state
36 shall individually or as part of a primary battery stewardship organiza-
37 tion submit a primary battery stewardship plan to the commissioner for
39 2. Primary battery stewardship plan; minimum requirements. Each prima-
40 ry battery stewardship plan shall include, at a minimum, all of the
41 following elements:
42 a. List of producers and brands. Each primary battery stewardship plan
43 shall list:
44 (i) all participating producers and contact information for each of
45 the participating producers; and
46 (ii) the brands of primary batteries covered by the plan.
47 b. Free collection. Each primary battery stewardship plan shall
48 provide for the free collection of primary batteries from consumers. A
49 producer shall not refuse the collection of a primary battery based on
50 the brand or manufacturer of the primary battery.
51 c. Collection; convenience. Each primary battery stewardship plan
53 (i) allow all retailers that sell primary batteries or primary batter-
54 y-containing products covered under the plan and all municipalities to
55 opt to be a collection facility;
S. 4522--D 4
1 (ii) provide, at a minimum, no fewer than two permanent collection
2 facilities in each county in the state; and
3 (iii) provide for the acceptance from a consumer of up to twenty
4 batteries per visit. A collection facility may agree to accept more than
5 twenty batteries per visit from a consumer.
6 d. Method of disposition. Each primary battery stewardship plan shall
7 include a description of the method that will be used to responsibly and
8 properly manage discarded primary batteries and ensure that the compo-
9 nents of the discarded primary batteries, to the extent economically and
10 technically feasible, are recycled.
11 e. Roles and responsibilities. A primary battery stewardship plan
12 shall list all key participants in the primary battery collection chain,
14 (i) the number and name of the collection facilities accepting primary
15 batteries under the plan, including the address and contact information
16 for each facility;
17 (ii) the name and contact information of a transporter or contractor
18 collecting primary batteries from collection facilities; and
19 (iii) the name, address, and contact information of the recycling
20 facilities that process the collected primary batteries.
21 f. Education and outreach. A primary battery stewardship plan shall
22 include an education and outreach program. The education and outreach
23 program may include media advertising, retail displays, articles in
24 trade and other journals and publications, and other public educational
25 efforts. The education and outreach program shall describe the outreach
26 procedures that will be used to provide notice of the program to busi-
27 nesses, municipalities, retailers, wholesalers, and transporters. At a
28 minimum, the education and outreach program shall notify the public of
29 the following:
30 (i) that there is a free collection program for all primary batteries;
32 (ii) the location of collection points and how to access the
33 collection program.
34 3. Implementation. A producer or producers shall include provisions in
35 the plan for the implementation of the program in conjunction with those
36 retailers and municipalities acting as collection facilities under a
37 program. Implementation of the program shall be at no cost to retailers
38 or municipalities acting as collection facilities under a program. A
39 producer shall provide retailers and municipalities acting as collection
40 facilities products or equipment for setting up a collection point and
41 for providing for the pickup of collected primary batteries, including
42 arranging for the management of those primary batteries.
43 § 27-1607. Annual report; plan audit.
44 1. Annual report. On or before April first, two thousand nineteen, and
45 annually thereafter, a producer or a primary battery stewardship organ-
46 ization shall submit a report to the commissioner that contains the
48 a. the weight of primary batteries collected by the producer or
49 producers acting cooperatively in the prior calendar year;
50 b. the collection rate achieved in the prior calendar year;
51 c. specifies the collection facilities that failed in the previous
52 calendar year to collect a minimum of one hundred pounds by weight of
53 primary batteries and whether these collection facilities will be elimi-
54 nated from the producer's plan or the plan of producers acting coopera-
S. 4522--D 5
1 d. the locations for all collection points set up by the producers
2 covered by the plan and contact information for each location;
3 e. examples and description of educational materials used to increase
5 f. the manner in which the collected primary batteries were managed;
6 g. any material change to the primary battery stewardship plan; and
7 h. the cost of implementation of the program, including the costs of
8 collection, recycling, education, and outreach.
9 2. Plan audit. Once every five years, a producer or stewardship organ-
10 ization shall hire an independent third party to audit the plan and plan
11 operation. The auditor shall examine the effectiveness of the program in
12 collecting and recycling primary batteries. The independent auditor
13 shall examine the cost-effectiveness of the program and compare it to
14 that of collection programs for primary batteries in other jurisdic-
15 tions. The independent auditor shall make recommendations to the
16 commissioner on ways to increase program efficacy and cost-effective-
18 § 27-1609. Agency responsibilities.
19 1. Approval of plan. Within ninety days after receipt of a proposed
20 stewardship plan, the commissioner shall determine whether the plan
21 complies with the requirements of section 27-1605 of this title. If the
22 commissioner approves a plan, the commissioner shall notify the appli-
23 cant of the plan approval in writing. If the commissioner rejects a
24 plan, the commissioner shall notify the applicant in writing of the
25 reasons for rejecting the plan. An applicant whose plan is rejected by
26 the commissioner shall submit a revised plan to the commissioner within
27 forty-five days of receiving notice of rejection.
28 2. Plan amendment; changes. Any changes to a proposed stewardship plan
29 shall be approved by the commissioner in writing. The commissioner, in
30 his or her discretion or at the request of a producer, may require a
31 producer or producers to amend an approved plan.
32 3. Public notice. The commissioner shall post all proposed and
33 approved primary battery stewardship plans on the department's website.
34 4. Public input. The commissioner shall establish a process under
35 which a primary battery stewardship plan, prior to plan approval or
36 amendment, is available for public review and comment.
37 5. Registrations. The commissioner shall accept, review, and approve
38 or deny primary battery stewardship plans submitted under section
39 27-1605 of this title.
40 6. Agency website. The commissioner shall maintain a website that
41 includes the names of producers with approved plans or participation in
42 approved plans. The website shall list all of an approved producer's
43 brands covered by the stewardship plan filed with the commissioner. The
44 commissioner shall update information on the website within ten days of
45 receipt of notice of any change to the listed information.
46 7. Term of stewardship plan. A primary battery stewardship plan
47 approved by the commissioner under this section shall have a term not to
48 exceed five years, provided that the producer remains in compliance with
49 the requirements of this title and the terms of the approved plan.
50 § 27-1611. Retailer obligations.
51 1. Sale prohibited. Except as set forth under subdivision two of this
52 section, beginning January first, two thousand eighteen, no retailer
53 shall sell or offer for sale a primary battery unless the retailer has
54 reviewed the department's website required in subdivision six of section
55 27-1609 of this title to determine that the producer of the primary
56 battery is implementing an approved battery stewardship plan.
S. 4522--D 6
1 2. Inventory exception; expiration or revocation of manufacturer
2 registration. A retailer shall not be responsible for an unlawful sale
3 of a primary battery under this section if:
4 a. the retailer purchased the primary battery prior to January first,
5 two thousand eighteen and sells the battery or product on or before
6 January first, two thousand nineteen; or
7 b. the producer's stewardship plan expired or was revoked, and the
8 retailer took possession of the in-store inventory of primary batteries
9 prior to the expiration or revocation of the producer's stewardship
11 § 27-1613. Administrative fee.
12 1. Fee assessed. A producer acting individually shall pay a fee of
13 seven thousand five hundred dollars annually and a producer acting coop-
14 eratively with at least one other producer shall pay a fee of fifteen
15 thousand dollars annually for operation under a stewardship plan
16 approved by the commissioner under section 27-1609 of this title.
17 2. Disposition of fee. The fees collected under subdivision one of
18 this section shall be deposited in the hazardous waste remedial fund
19 under section ninety-seven-b of the state finance law.
20 § 27-1615. Penalties.
21 A producer who violates the requirements of this title shall be
22 subject to a civil penalty not to exceed one thousand dollars per day
23 for each day of noncompliance.
24 § 27-1617. Rulemaking; procedure.
25 The commissioner may adopt rules or procedures to implement the
26 requirements of this title.
27 § 2. The department of environmental conservation shall work with
28 primary battery manufacturers to explore ways to develop labeling high-
29 lighting the existence of battery recycling programs.
30 § 3. This act shall take effect on the one hundred eightieth day after
31 it shall have become a law.