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A01007 Summary:

BILL NOA01007A
 
SAME ASSAME AS S02021-A
 
SPONSORPaulin
 
COSPNSRDinowitz, Jacobson, Woerner, Thiele, Walczyk, Morinello, Byrnes, Gottfried, McDonough, Ra, Smullen, Fahy, Steck, Kelles, Durso, McMahon, Forrest, Hevesi, Simon, Burdick, Frontus, Cruz, Glick, Norris, Salka, De Los Santos, Gonzalez-Rojas, Epstein, Galef, Buttenschon, Niou, Otis
 
MLTSPNSRCook
 
Amd §§1643, 1662-a & 1622, V & T L
 
Authorizes cities, villages and towns to reduce the speed limit to twenty-five miles per hour.
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A01007 Actions:

BILL NOA01007A
 
01/07/2021referred to transportation
01/05/2022referred to transportation
04/27/2022amend and recommit to transportation
04/27/2022print number 1007a
05/10/2022reported referred to rules
05/31/2022reported
05/31/2022rules report cal.438
05/31/2022ordered to third reading rules cal.438
05/31/2022passed assembly
05/31/2022delivered to senate
05/31/2022REFERRED TO TRANSPORTATION
06/01/2022SUBSTITUTED FOR S2021A
06/01/20223RD READING CAL.1785
06/01/2022PASSED SENATE
06/01/2022RETURNED TO ASSEMBLY
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A01007 Memo:

NEW YORK STATE ASSEMBLY
MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF LEGISLATION
submitted in accordance with Assembly Rule III, Sec 1(f)
 
BILL NUMBER: A1007A
 
SPONSOR: Paulin
  TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in relation to authorizing cities, villages and towns to reduce the speed limit to twenty-five miles per hour   PURPOSE: To afford cities, villages and towns the option to set its maximum speed limit at 25mph.   SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS: Section one amends section 1643 of the vehicle and traffic law to allow any city or village to establish a maximum speed limit of 25mph. Section two amends section 1662-a of the vehicle and traffic law to allow a town to establish a maximum speed limit of 25mph. Section three amends subdivision two of section 1622 of the vehicle and traffic law to provide that no speed limits along all such highways lying within an area or areas as designated by a description of the boundaries of such area or areas submitted by the county superintendent of highways of a county and the town board of the town or towns affected shall be established at less than 25mph. Section four provides the effective date.   JUSTIFICATION: Research shows that faster driving speeds correlate to more serious injuries and fatalities for pedestrians in the event of an accident. The faster a vehicle is traveling, the less time its driver will have to see a pedestrian in the road and stop, and the less time a pedestrian will have to react. According to the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety, a pedestrian struck by a vehicle going 25mph has a 25 percent risk of sustaining a serious or fatal injury, a 50 percent risk at 33mph and a 75 percent risk at 41mph. A 2018 study released by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety found that lowering the speed limit by 5 mph on city streets improves safety outcomes for motorists, pedestrians, and bicyclists by reducing the incidence of speeding. The study focused on Boston, which in 2017 lowered its default speed limit on city streets from 30mph to 25mph. Researchers found that after the city lowered its speed limit, the esti- mated odds of a vehicle exceeding 35mph fell by 29.3 percent. Also, the odds of a vehicle exceeding 30mph fell by 8.5 percent and by 2.9 percent of exceeding 25mph. These reduced speeds will help to curb the city's incidence of serious injuries and fatalities in pedestrian involved accidents. In 2014, New York City lowered its speed limit from 30mph to 25mph, as part of a program known as "Vision Zero," aimed at ending all traffic related deaths and serious injuries in the city by 2024. To date, the three years following implementation of the program have been studied and the number of traffic related fatalities declined for these three consecutive years and went down 23 percent overall. This bill would afford cities, towns and villages in the state the option to set its maximum speed limit at 25mph. Under current law, the default maximum speed limit throughout a city, town or village may not be set lower than 30mph. Research proves that the public's safety bene- fits when speed limits are lowered and municipalities should be granted the authority to take this proactive step to help decrease fatalities and the severity of injuries that can result from speed related acci- dents. Reducing speed limits is an efficient, simple solution to protect the public and prevent tragedies.   LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: A.8599, 2019 and 2020, referred to transportation Same as S.7738-a, 2020, referred to transportation.   FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: None.   EFFECTIVE DATE: Immediately
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A01007 Text:



 
                STATE OF NEW YORK
        ________________________________________________________________________
 
                                         1007--A
 
                               2021-2022 Regular Sessions
 
                   IN ASSEMBLY
 
                                     January 7, 2021
                                       ___________
 
        Introduced  by  M.  of  A.  PAULIN, DINOWITZ, JACOBSON, WOERNER, THIELE,
          WALCZYK, MORINELLO, BYRNES, GOTTFRIED, McDONOUGH, RA,  SMULLEN,  FAHY,
          STECK,  KELLES, DURSO, McMAHON, FORREST, HEVESI, SIMON, BURDICK, FRON-
          TUS, CRUZ, GLICK, NORRIS, SALKA,  DE  LOS  SANTOS,  GONZALEZ-ROJAS  --
          Multi-Sponsored  by  -- M. of A. COOK -- read once and referred to the
          Committee on Transportation -- recommitted to the Committee on  Trans-
          portation  in  accordance  with  Assembly  Rule 3, sec. 2 -- committee
          discharged, bill amended, ordered reprinted as amended and recommitted
          to said committee
 
        AN ACT to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in relation to  authorizing
          cities,  villages  and  towns to reduce the speed limit to twenty-five
          miles per hour
 
          The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and  Assem-
        bly, do enact as follows:
 
     1    Section  1. Section 1643 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by
     2  chapter 412 of the laws 2012, is amended to read as follows:
     3    § 1643. Speed limits on highways in cities and villages. The  legisla-
     4  tive  body  of  any city or village with respect to highways (which term
     5  for the purposes of this section shall include  private  roads  open  to
     6  public  motor vehicle traffic) in such city or village, other than state
     7  highways maintained by the state on which the department of  transporta-
     8  tion shall have established higher or lower speed limits than the statu-
     9  tory  fifty-five  miles  per  hour  speed  limit  as provided in section
    10  sixteen hundred twenty of this title, or  on  which  the  department  of
    11  transportation shall have designated that such city or village shall not
    12  establish any maximum speed limit as provided in section sixteen hundred
    13  twenty-four of this title, subject to the limitations imposed by section
    14  sixteen  hundred  eighty-four of this title may by local law, ordinance,
    15  order, rule or regulation establish maximum speed limits at which  vehi-
    16  cles may proceed within such city or village, within designated areas of
    17  such city or village or on or along designated highways within such city
 
         EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                              [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                                   LBD02142-02-2

        A. 1007--A                          2
 
     1  or  village  higher  or lower than the fifty-five miles per hour maximum
     2  statutory limit. No such speed limit applicable throughout such city  or
     3  village  or  within  designated  areas  of such city or village shall be
     4  established  at  less  than  [thirty] twenty-five miles per hour; except
     5  that in the city of Long Beach, in the county of  Nassau,  speed  limits
     6  may  be  established  at  not  less  than  fifteen miles per hour on any
     7  portion of the following highways in such city: Cleveland avenue,  Hard-
     8  ing  avenue,  Mitchell avenue, Belmont avenue, Atlantic avenue, Coolidge
     9  avenue, Wilson avenue and Taft avenue. No such speed limit applicable on
    10  or along designated highways within such city or village shall be estab-
    11  lished at less than twenty-five miles per hour, except that school speed
    12  limits may be established at not less than fifteen miles per hour, for a
    13  distance not to exceed one thousand three  hundred  twenty  feet,  on  a
    14  highway passing a school building, entrance or exit of a school abutting
    15  on  the highway and except that within the cities of Buffalo and Roches-
    16  ter speed limits may be established at not less than fifteen  miles  per
    17  hour  for  any portion of a highway within a city park.  No speed limits
    18  shall be established pursuant to the provisions of this  section  except
    19  in  accordance with the engineering considerations and factors for speed
    20  limits set forth in the manual and specifications for a  uniform  system
    21  of traffic control devices maintained by the commissioner of transporta-
    22  tion  pursuant  to section sixteen hundred eighty of this title, as such
    23  manual and specifications may be amended from time to time, certified by
    24  a licensed professional engineer who specializes in traffic operations.
    25    § 2. Section 1662-a of the vehicle and  traffic  law,  as  amended  by
    26  chapter 405 of the laws of 2012, is amended to read as follows:
    27    §  1662-a. Speed limits in certain towns. The town board of any subur-
    28  ban town governed pursuant to article three-A of the town  law  and  the
    29  town  board  of any other town having a population exceeding fifty thou-
    30  sand, with respect to highways (which term  for  the  purposes  of  this
    31  section  shall  include private roads open to public motor vehicle traf-
    32  fic) in such towns outside any village, other than state highways  main-
    33  tained by the state on which the department of transportation shall have
    34  established  higher  or lower speed limits than the statutory fifty-five
    35  miles per hour speed limit as provided in section sixteen hundred twenty
    36  of this title, or on which the department of transportation  shall  have
    37  designated  that  such towns shall not establish any maximum speed limit
    38  as provided in  section  sixteen  hundred  twenty-four  of  this  title,
    39  subject  to  the  limitations imposed by section sixteen hundred eighty-
    40  four of this title may by local law, ordinance,  order,  rule  or  regu-
    41  lation  establish  maximum  speed  limits  at which vehicles may proceed
    42  within such towns, within designated areas of such towns or on or  along
    43  designated  highways  within  such towns lower than the fifty-five miles
    44  per hour  maximum  statutory  limit.  No  such  speed  limit  applicable
    45  throughout  such towns or within designated areas of such towns shall be
    46  established at less than [thirty] twenty-five  miles  per  hour,  except
    47  that  in  the  town  of Hempstead speed limits may be established at not
    48  less than fifteen miles per hour on any portion  of  a  highway  in  the
    49  community  known  as  Point  Lookout  and  on  all or any portion of the
    50  following highways in the community known as Lido  Beach:  Ocean  Boule-
    51  vard,  Allevard  Street,  Bath Street, Buxton Street, Cheltenham Street,
    52  Pinehurst Street, Harrogate Street,  Matlock  Street,  Nantwick  Street,
    53  Biarritz  Street, Royat Street, Luchon Street, Woodhail Street, Leaming-
    54  ton Street, Saratoga Street, Kensington  Street,  and  Prescott  Street;
    55  provided,  however,  that no such speed limit in such town may be estab-
    56  lished unless a majority of the residents of each such community file  a

        A. 1007--A                          3
 
     1  petition  with  the town board of such town requesting such speed limit.
     2  No such speed limit applicable on or along  designated  highways  within
     3  such towns shall be established at less than twenty-five miles per hour,
     4  except  that  school  speed  limits  may be established at not less than
     5  fifteen miles per hour, for a distance not to exceed one thousand  three
     6  hundred twenty feet, on a highway passing a school building, entrance or
     7  exit of a school abutting on the highway, and except further that in the
     8  town  of  Hempstead  speed  limits  may  be established at not less than
     9  fifteen miles per hour on any portion of a highway  in  the  communities
    10  known  as  Point Lookout and Lido Beach; provided, however, that no such
    11  speed limit in such town may be established unless  a  majority  of  the
    12  residents  of each such community file a petition with the town board of
    13  such town requesting such speed limit. No speed limits shall  be  estab-
    14  lished  pursuant  to the provisions of this section except in accordance
    15  with the engineering considerations and factors  for  speed  limits  set
    16  forth  in  the manual and specifications for a uniform system of traffic
    17  control devices maintained by the commissioner of transportation  pursu-
    18  ant  to section sixteen hundred eighty of this title, as such manual and
    19  specifications may be amended from time to time, certified by a licensed
    20  professional engineer who specializes in traffic operations.
    21    § 3. Subdivision 2 of section 1622 of the vehicle and traffic law,  as
    22  amended  by  chapter  83  of  the  laws  of  1969, is amended to read as
    23  follows:
    24    2. Establish maximum speed limits at which vehicles may proceed on  or
    25  along all such highways lying within an area or areas as designated by a
    26  description  of  the  boundaries  of such area or areas submitted by the
    27  county superintendent of highways of a county and the town board of  the
    28  town  or  towns  affected lower than fifty-five miles per hour statutory
    29  maximum speed limit. No such limit shall be  established  at  less  than
    30  [thirty] twenty-five miles per hour.
    31    § 4. This act shall take effect immediately.
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