|SAME AS||SAME AS S02373|
|COSPNSR||Mosley, Jaffee, Abbate, Colton, Cymbrowitz, Galef, Zebrowski, Joyner, Ortiz, Glick, Dinowitz, Carroll, D'Urso, Steck, Hyndman, Richardson, Aubry, Weprin, Seawright, Abinanti, Cahill, Burke, Taylor|
|MLTSPNSR||Cook, Englebright, Nolan, Simon, Thiele|
|Add §280-b, RP L|
|Provides for the establishment of the New York state home equity conversion information summary to provide notice of mortgagor's rights and responsibilities under reverse mortgage loans issued under the home equity conversion mortgage program of the federal Department of Housing and Urban Development; provides that every authorized lender must provide copies of such summary not less than 5 days prior to closing on a reverse mortgage loan; establishes a private right of action for violations of such provisions.|
|02/14/2019||referred to judiciary|
|03/28/2019||amend and recommit to judiciary|
|03/28/2019||print number 5628a|
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NEW YORK STATE ASSEMBLY
MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF LEGISLATION
submitted in accordance with Assembly Rule III, Sec 1(f)
BILL NUMBER: A5628A SPONSOR: Weinstein (MS)
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the real property law, in relation to the provision of certain information to mortgagors of reverse mortgages issued under the federal home equity conversion mortgage for seniors program   PURPOSE OF BILL: This bill requires that the Department of Financial Services issue a reverse mortgage information summary sheet to mortgage originators. These summary sheets will provide consumer rights information to seniors to help them better understand these financial products.   SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS OF BILL: Section 1: Amends the real property law concerning reverse mortgages to provide that for all reverse mortgages issued under HUD's home equity conversion mortgage program in New York State, the Department of Finan- cial Services must issue a summary sheet to be provided to seniors prior to the execution of a reverse mortgage loan. The summary sheet will contain information useful to seniors, including the real costs of reverse mortgage loans, information about fees, financial alternatives to reverse mortgages, responsibilities regarding mortgage insurance and tax payments, conditions that will trigger a default, information about New York State-based organizations which provide HUD-certified reverse mortgage counseling, how to contact legal services organizations in the event of foreclosure, etc. Lenders must provide the summary sheet to seniors not less than five days prior to closing on a reverse mortgage. This section also makes the information summary sheet an essential component of future reverse mortgages, and requires that the senior sign the sheet confirming receipt and that the originator maintain a copy. The section will be enforceable via treble damages and attorney's fees for prevailing plaintiffs. Section 2: The act will take effect on the one hundred twentieth day after it becomes law, but the Department of Financial Services is authorized to immediately take any actions necessary for its implementa- tion.   EXISTING LAW: Under current law, home equity conversion mortgage lenders under the HUD program are not mandated to provide an extensive reverse mortgage infor- mation summary sheet to seniors.   JUSTIFICATION: Reverse mortgages are complicated and expensive financial products. Many seniors do not understand how they work or what their true longterm costs are. Exacerbating this problem are unscrupulous lenders who market reverse mortgages as public services or government-sponsored products. Inadequate regulation of this industry resulted in a sharp uptick in defaults in 2016, as more seniors fell into foreclosure on these products, losing not only their homes, but also their most significant financial assets. Foreclosures in the reverse mortgage industry have taken place against seniors for making payments mere cents short of their tax or mortgage insurance bills. Lenders eager to tap the equity in these homes are sometimes aggressive to foreclose and see a return on their investment. Seniors must be provided with comprehensive information about these products, their true long-term costs, conditions that will result in a default, methods to reduce their tax liability, available services to help them in the event of a default and/or foreclosure, etc. This required summary sheet is one step toward ensuring seniors have all of the information they need to make an educated and fully informed decision about whether a reverse mortgage is the right financial product to address their economic situation.   LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: 2017-18: A.5822/S.4494- A.Cal/S.Judi   FISCAL IMPLICATIONS FOR STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS: To be determined.   EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect on the 120th day after it shall have become a law. Effective immediately, the addition, amendment and/or repeal of any rule or regulation necessary for the implementation of this act on its effective date are authorized to be made and completed on or before such effective date.
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STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 5628--A 2019-2020 Regular Sessions IN ASSEMBLY February 14, 2019 ___________ Introduced by M. of A. WEINSTEIN, MOSLEY, JAFFEE, ABBATE, COLTON, CYMBROWITZ, GALEF, ZEBROWSKI, JOYNER, ORTIZ, GLICK, DINOWITZ, CARROLL, D'URSO, STECK, HYNDMAN, RICHARDSON, AUBRY, WEPRIN, SEAWRIGHT, ABINAN- TI, CAHILL, BURKE, TAYLOR -- Multi-Sponsored by -- M. of A. COOK, ENGLEBRIGHT, NOLAN, SIMON, THIELE -- read once and referred to the Committee on Judiciary -- committee discharged, bill amended, ordered reprinted as amended and recommitted to said committee AN ACT to amend the real property law, in relation to the provision of certain information to mortgagors of reverse mortgages issued under the federal home equity conversion mortgage for seniors program The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem- bly, do enact as follows: 1 Section 1. The real property law is amended by adding a new section 2 280-b to read as follows: 3 § 280-b. Federal home equity conversion mortgage information summary 4 sheet. 1. For the purposes of this section the following terms shall 5 have the following meanings: 6 (a) Reverse mortgage loan. A reverse mortgage loan as defined in 7 section two hundred eighty of this article, which is issued in this 8 state pursuant to the home equity conversion mortgage for seniors 9 program operated by the federal Department of Housing and Urban Develop- 10 ment. 11 (b) Authorized lender. An authorized lender as defined in section two 12 hundred eighty of this article authorized to make reverse mortgage 13 loans, as defined in this section. 14 (c) Mortgagor. A mortgagor as defined in section two hundred eighty of 15 this article. 16 (d) Department. The department of financial services established 17 pursuant to section one hundred two of the financial services law. EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD00916-03-9A. 5628--A 2 1 2. The department shall establish and distribute to authorized lend- 2 ers, and periodically update, a New York state home equity conversion 3 information summary. Such summary shall include, but not be limited to: 4 (a) notice that reverse mortgage loans are not free or cost free, and 5 such loans have associated costs that are included in the financing 6 thereof; 7 (b) a schedule of payments to be made to and from the mortgagor, and 8 the total payment for both the mortgagee and the authorized lender over 9 the term of the reverse mortgage loan contingent upon the type of such 10 loan being offered; 11 (c) a statement advising mortgagors to consult with licensed profes- 12 sionals regarding the tax and estate planning consequences of reverse 13 mortgage loans; 14 (d) where applicable, a description of the prepayment and refinancing 15 provisions of the reverse mortgage loan; 16 (e) an explanation and itemization of the potential costs of reverse 17 mortgage loans, including the rate of interest and total interest paya- 18 ble on such loan; 19 (f) a summary of actions or conditions that will constitute a default 20 of the reverse mortgage loan; 21 (g) a summary and explanation of alternatives to entering into a 22 reverse mortgage loan on the basis of economic hardship including, but 23 not limited to, direct sale of the residence, social safety net 24 programs, debt consolidation or economic counseling; 25 (h) information on a mortgagor's basic rights in the foreclosure proc- 26 ess; 27 (i) a summary of the real property tax exemptions which are available 28 to the mortgagor in order to reduce his or her cost of living; 29 (j) information about New York state-based organizations that provide 30 federal Department of Housing and Urban Development certified reverse 31 mortgage counseling; 32 (k) information on legal assistance and advocacy organizations and 33 services which provide assistance to mortgagors in the event that 34 complications or issues arise relating to the reverse mortgage loan; and 35 (l) such other information as the department shall deem necessary to 36 fully inform mortgagors of their rights and responsibilities under a 37 reverse mortgage loan. 38 3. Not less than five days prior to the closing upon a reverse mort- 39 gage loan, the authorized lender shall provide the mortgagor with a 40 completed New York state home equity conversion information summary in 41 duplicate. Each mortgagor shall sign both copies of such summary, 42 attesting that he or she has read and fully understands the summary. One 43 copy thereof shall be retained by the authorized lender and the other 44 shall be retained by the mortgagor's attorney. 45 4. The provision of the information summary established by this 46 section is integral to the execution of a reverse mortgage loan, thus in 47 the absence of such a summary the related reverse mortgage loan shall be 48 null and void. 49 5. Any person who has been injured by reason of any violation of this 50 section or the rules and regulations related thereto may bring an action 51 in his or her own name to recover treble his or her actual damages, plus 52 the prevailing plaintiff's reasonable attorneys fee. 53 6. The superintendent of financial services is authorized to promul- 54 gate any rules or regulations he or she deems necessary to implement the 55 provisions of this section.A. 5628--A 3 1 § 2. This act shall take effect on the one hundred twentieth day after 2 it shall have become a law. Effective immediately, the addition, amend- 3 ment and/or repeal of any rule or regulation necessary for the implemen- 4 tation of this act on its effective date are authorized to be made and 5 completed on or before such effective date.