|SAME AS||No Same As|
|Amd §801, add §801-b, Ed L|
|Provides specific requirements for a course of instruction relating to the Holocaust and genocide.|
|02/08/2021||referred to education|
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NEW YORK STATE ASSEMBLY
MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF LEGISLATION
submitted in accordance with Assembly Rule III, Sec 1(f)
BILL NUMBER: A4734 SPONSOR: Stern
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the education law, in relation to requirements for a course of instruction relating to the Holocaust and genocide   PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL:: To require a course of education relating to the Holocaust and genocide.   SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:: Section 1: Amends Subdivisions 1 and 3 of section 801 of the education law. Section 2: Adds a new section 801-b to the education law. Section 3: Sets the effective date.   JUSTIFICATION: 75 years have passed since the Allied victory over Nazi Germany and as the number of Holocaust survivors who can provide personal witness to the horrors of the Holocaust diminishes, it becomes especially critical to provide a meaningful and historically accurate course of instruction to our young people about the Holocaust and genocide. This course Of instruction shall also include, but not be limited to other acts of genocide across the globe. During the Holocaust, from 1933-1945, more than six million Jewish people, including one and a half million Jewish children and millions of non-Jews were exterminated. Recently there has a been a precipitous rise in hate crimes, many targeting Jewish people in New York State and across the country and world. Many people have little to no knowledge of the events of the Holocaust or deny that it is a historical fact. This education will serve to combat hate and ensure a reaffirmation of the commitment to never again permit the occurrence of another Holocaust, to acknowledge on-going acts of genocide and to promote understanding and tolerance for people of all races, faiths, nationalities and ethnicities.   PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:: 2020: A9710 - Referred to Education   FISCAL IMPLICATIONS:: To be determined.   EFFECTIVE DATE:: This act shall take effect on the first of July next succeeding the date on which it shall have become a law.
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STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 4734 2021-2022 Regular Sessions IN ASSEMBLY February 8, 2021 ___________ Introduced by M. of A. STERN -- read once and referred to the Committee on Education AN ACT to amend the education law, in relation to requirements for a course of instruction relating to the Holocaust and genocide The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem- bly, do enact as follows: 1 Section 1. Subdivisions 1 and 3 of section 801 of the education law, 2 as amended by section 27 of part A of chapter 56 of the laws of 2020, 3 are amended to read as follows: 4 1. In order to promote a spirit of patriotic and civic service and 5 obligation and to foster in the children of the state moral and intel- 6 lectual qualities which are essential in preparing to meet the obli- 7 gations of citizenship in peace or in war, the regents of The University 8 of the State of New York shall prescribe courses of instruction in 9 patriotism, citizenship, civic education and values, our shared history 10 of diversity, the role of religious tolerance in this country, and human 11 rights issues, with particular attention to the study of the inhumanity 12 of genocide, slavery (including the freedom trail and underground rail- 13 road), the Holocaust, and the mass starvation in Ireland from 1845 to 14 1850, in accordance with section eight hundred one-b of this article, to 15 be maintained and followed in all the schools of the state. The boards 16 of education and trustees of the several cities and school districts of 17 the state shall require instruction to be given in such courses, by the 18 teachers employed in the schools therein. All pupils attending such 19 schools, over the age of eight years, shall attend upon such instruc- 20 tion. 21 Similar courses of instruction shall be prescribed and maintained in 22 private schools in the state, and all pupils in such schools over eight 23 years of age shall attend upon such courses. If such courses are not so 24 established and maintained in a private school, attendance upon instruc- 25 tion in such school shall not be deemed substantially equivalent to EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD06761-01-1A. 4734 2 1 instruction given to pupils of like age in the public schools of the 2 city or district in which such pupils reside. 3 3. The regents shall determine the subjects to be included in such 4 courses of instruction in patriotism, citizenship, civic education and 5 values, our shared history of diversity, the role of history of diversi- 6 ty, the role of religious tolerance in this country, and human rights 7 issues, with particular attention to the study of the inhumanity of 8 genocide, slavery (including the freedom trail and underground rail- 9 road), the Holocaust, and the mass starvation in Ireland from 1845 to 10 1850, in accordance with section eight hundred one-b of this article, 11 and in the history, meaning, significance and effect of the provisions 12 of the constitution of the United States, the amendments thereto, the 13 declaration of independence, the constitution of the state of New York 14 and the amendments thereto, and the period of instruction in each of the 15 grades in such subjects. They shall adopt rules providing for attendance 16 upon such instruction and for such other matters as are required for 17 carrying into effect the objects and purposes of this section. The 18 commissioner shall be responsible for the enforcement of such section 19 and shall cause to be inspected and supervise the instruction to be 20 given in such subjects. The commissioner may, in his discretion, cause 21 all or a portion of the public school money to be apportioned to a 22 district or city to be withheld for failure of the school authorities of 23 such district or city to provide instruction in such courses and to 24 compel attendance upon such instruction, as herein prescribed, and for a 25 non-compliance with the rules of the regents adopted as herein provided. 26 § 2. The education law is amended by adding a new section 801-b to 27 read as follows: 28 § 801-b. Instruction relating to the Holocaust and genocide. Every 29 public elementary school and high school shall include in its curriculum 30 a unit of instruction studying the events of the Nazi atrocities of 1933 31 to 1945. This period in world history is known as the Holocaust, during 32 which six million Jewish people, including one and one-half million 33 Jewish children, and millions of non-Jews were exterminated. One of the 34 universal lessons of the Holocaust is that national, ethnic, racial, or 35 religious hatred can overtake any nation or society, leading to calami- 36 tous consequences. To reinforce that lesson, such curriculum shall 37 include an additional unit of instruction studying other acts of geno- 38 cide across the globe. This unit shall include, but not be limited to, 39 the Armenian Genocide, the Famine-Genocide in Ukraine, and more recent 40 atrocities in Cambodia, Bosnia, Rwanda, and Sudan. The studying of this 41 material is a reaffirmation of the commitment of free peoples from all 42 nations to never again permit the occurrence of another Holocaust and a 43 recognition that crimes of genocide continue to be perpetrated across 44 the globe as they have been in the past and to deter indifference to 45 crimes against humanity and human suffering wherever they may occur. The 46 commissioner may prepare and make available to all school boards 47 instructional materials which may be used as guidelines for development 48 of a unit of instruction under this section; provided, however, that 49 each school board shall itself determine the minimum amount of instruc- 50 tion time which shall qualify as a unit of instruction satisfying the 51 requirements of this section. The cost for instructional materials is to 52 be borne by the department. 53 § 3. This act shall take effect on the first of July next succeeding 54 the date on which it shall have become a law.