NEW YORK STATE ASSEMBLY MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF LEGISLATION submitted in accordance with Assembly Rule III, Sec 1(f)
BILL NUMBER: A608
SPONSOR: Rosenthal L
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the public health law and the educa-
tion law, in relation to chronic pain management
This bill improves medical education and training in chronic pain
management and treatment by providing some funding support to medical
school and residency training program that train physicians in this area
of medicine. It also establishes the State Chronic Pain Management
Education and Training Council to advise the commissioners of Health and
Education on establishing standards to advance the management and treat-
ment of chronic pain and to suggest course materials that should be
incorporated in continuing education programs for the many health care
professionals that treat patients that have chronic pain.
SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS:
Section one states the legislative intent.
Section two creates a new Article 28-F in the public health,law, which:
* Provides grants for medical school education in chronic pain care
treatment and management that may be used for faculty development and
recruitment, and teaching at hospital based ambulatory care settings and
hospices, including personnel, administration, and student-related
expenses. Grants awarded through a competitive application process are
to be monitored by the newly created state Chronic Pain Management
Education and Training Council.
* Provides grants for residency medical education:in chronic pain care
treatment.and management that may be used for faculty development and
recruitment, start-up costs and teaching at hospital based chronic pain
care settings and non-hospital based care sites, including personnel,
administration and trainee related costs. Grants are to be awarded
through a competitive application process monitored by the Council.
* Authorizes the commissioner of Health to designate Chronic Pain Health
Care professional practitioner Resource Centers which may be state-wide
or regional, to provide technical information and guidance for practi-
tioners on the treatment and management of chronic pain. Such treatment
and management can include new and advanced strategies, therapies and
medications in this area of medicine. The resource centers must be not-
for-profit but they may charge fees to defray the cost of the service.
* Establishes a New York State Chronic Pain Management Education and
Training Council by outlining the membership of this new council and its
duties on advising the Commissioner of Health on encouraging medical
schools and graduate medical educators to better highlight the need to
treat and manage chronic pain. Further, to help develop better models of
interdisciplinary cooperation between different health care profes-
sionals who treat individuals that have chronic pain. Doing this may be
able to help increase the coordination of care, and thereby benefit a
patient's well-being and simultaneously help to reduce health care costs
by reducing the number of patient visits, diagnostic tests conducted,
and strong pain medications administered.
* Outlines public policies that should be considered, examined and
possibly advanced by the Council.
* Authorizes the Council to make suggestions to the Departments of
Health and Education on how to better present course materials to health
care professionals in continuing education programs that educate such
professionals in the management and treatment of chronic pain.
Section three amends section 6507 (3) of the education law to grant to
the Education Department the ability to accept the recommendations of
the Council in revising the continuing education requirements of certain
health care professionals that are licensed pursuant to the Education
Law. Such recommendations and alterations in the provision of such
continuing education shall be tailored to the specific health care
profession in question.
Section four allocates up to $2.5 million in Health Care Reform Act
(HCRA) funds for grants for medical school education in chronic pain
care and up to $2.5 million in Health Care Reform Act (HCRA) funds for
wants for graduate medical education in palliative care.
Section five sets forth the effective date.
Improving the management and treatment of chronic pain in New York,
especially the treatment of chronic pain, that leads to a patient's
decrease in physical activity, increased obesity rates, higher rates of
unemployment and higher rates of mental anguish are important medical
and patient wellbeing goals. Research in New York and nationally has
documented that there may be a general lack of knowledge among many
segments of health care practitioner community concerning chronic pain
care and the diagnosis and treatment of such pain.
New York, being one of the centers for medical school education and
education for other health,care professionals in the country, should
consider expanding education for physicians and others in chronic care.
The Council created by this bill should provide a focal point for those
interested in the treatment and management of chronic pain both as an
area of separate study and as an area for further advances in interdis-
ciplinary study among the various treating professions.
Further the bill helps to provide technical support for practicing
physicians and other health care professionals who are faced with
complex or unfamiliar pain-related conditions. To develop these
resources, experts in chronic pain care management from New York's
medical community should be engaged in the process, thus ensuring that
vital clinical and educational expertise is available.
Developing residency programs for physicians and other health care
professionals will improve the training of new health care profes-
sionals. Further, it will generally improve the awareness and quality of
chronic pain care among all health care professionals who practice at
the residency program sites.
2017-18: A.4806 - Referred to Higher Education; S.5436 - Referred to
2015-16: A.1671 - Referred to Higher Education
2013-14: A.9250 - Referred to Higher Education; S.2361-A - Referred to
The bill authorizes the allocation of up to $5 million in existing HCPA
funds, upon the appropriation of such funds and the Commissioner of
Health authorizing the disbursement of such funds.
This bill shall take effect immediately.
STATE OF NEW YORK
2019-2020 Regular Sessions
January 9, 2019
Introduced by M. of A. L. ROSENTHAL, JAFFEE, STECK, ORTIZ, WEPRIN,
LUPARDO -- read once and referred to the Committee on Higher Education
AN ACT to amend the public health law and the education law, in relation
to chronic pain management
The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem-bly, do enact as follows:
1 Section 1. Legislative intent: The legislature hereby finds that
2 medical treatment of chronic pain in this state needs to be reexamined
3 to enhance the ability to assess such condition, increase access to
4 appropriate care to treat and mitigate chronic pain, and improve the
5 quality of life for those afflicted with this condition. Currently
6 chronic pain is most often treated by primary care providers who may
7 have little training in the assessment and proper treatment of complex
8 chronic pain conditions. This, in turn, has led, in certain circum-
9 stances, to patients seeing multiple health care providers and experi-
10 encing multiple and repeated diagnostic tests, that lead to inadequate
11 or unproven surgeries, prescription of unneeded or strong pain medica-
12 tions, with its consequential heightened possibility to lead to the long
13 term addiction to such strong pain medications, and the performance of
14 procedures or treatment regimens that are not able to successfully treat
15 or mitigate such chronic pain.
16 Further, the current practice of the repeated utilization of different
17 health practitioners, tests and unnecessary medical procedures to treat
18 such chronic pain is resulting in higher health care costs. These
19 increased costs come from unnecessary visits to health care practition-
20 ers, more and longer hospital stays, performing unnecessary surgeries or
21 other medical procedures, and unnecessary prescription of costly and
22 dangerous drugs. This inefficient use of valuable health care resources
23 is contributing to the rapidly increasing cost of providing health care.
24 With the continuing aging of New York's general population, this trend
EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
 is old law to be omitted.
A. 608 2
1 may only continue to grow. Further, the consequences to patients
2 afflicted with chronic pain will continue to undermine the physical,
3 social, economic and psychological well being of such patients, their
4 families and loved ones.
5 The current health care delivery system both over treats and under-
6 treats those afflicted with chronic pain. Ideally, all patients subject
7 to chronic pain should be able to obtain an appropriate assessment of
8 the underlying conditions that cause such pain, followed by an appropri-
9 ate plan of care that reflects the best practices currently available to
10 prevent the adverse effects of pain. Such care should be provided in a
11 coordinated manner that minimizes such chronic pain and is cost effec-
12 tive for the patient, health care delivery system, and for employers of
13 such persons. In sum, the provision of chronic pain treatments needs a
14 major reassessment to enhance assessment capabilities, increase access
15 to appropriate care, improve the quality of care, and do so in a manner
16 that minimizes the cost of providing such care.
17 § 2. The public health law is amended by adding a new article 28-F to
18 read as follows:
19 ARTICLE 28-F
20 CHRONIC PAIN MANAGEMENT
21 Section 2899-k. Chronic pain management.
22 § 2899-k. Chronic pain management. 1. Definitions. The following words
23 or phrases as used in this article shall have the following meanings:
24 (a) "chronic pain" shall mean consistent and significant physical pain
25 or discomfort that lasts for an extended period of time beyond an acute
26 physical injury or painful stimulus, and persists unabated for a period
27 of time greater than six months. Further such condition impedes the
28 ability of such person from conducting many normal life activities, or
29 impedes or leads to the loss of employment, or curtails the ability to
30 perform a number of previously executed physical employment tasks. Such
31 chronic pain may be associated with cancer pain, pain from chronic or
32 degenerative diseases or conditions, or from an unidentified cause.
33 (b) "chronic pain care certified medical school" shall mean a medical
34 school in the state which is an institution which grants a degree of
35 doctor of medicine or doctor of osteopathic medicine in accordance with
36 regulations promulgated by the commissioner of education pursuant to
37 subdivision two of section sixty-five hundred twenty-four of the educa-
38 tion law, and which meets the standards established pursuant to regu-
39 lations promulgated by the commissioner, after consultation with the
40 council, that are used to determine whether a medical school is eligible
41 for funding pursuant to this section.
42 (c) "chronic pain care certified residency program" shall mean a grad-
43 uate medical education program in the state which has received accredi-
44 tation from a nationally recognized accreditation body for medical or
45 osteopathic residency programs, and which meets the standards estab-
46 lished pursuant to regulations promulgated by the commissioner, after
47 consultation with the council, that are used to determine whether a
48 residency training program is eligible for funding pursuant to this
50 (d) "council" shall mean the state chronic pain management education
51 and training council established by subdivision two of this section.
52 (e) "health care professionals" shall mean and include those health
53 care professionals who regularly treat patients that have chronic pain,
54 and includes, but is not limited to, acupuncturists, chiropractors,
55 dentists, nurse practitioners, registered professional nurses, podia-
A. 608 3
1 trists, pharmacists, physicians, physical therapists, physician assist-
2 ants, psychiatrists and occupational therapists.
3 (f) "professional continuing education" or "continuing education"
4 shall mean all professional continuing education programs required
5 either by state law or by professional associations authorized by the
6 education department to monitor the requirements of licensure, and to
7 conduct and approve professional continuing education requirements for a
8 health care profession. Such professions shall include, but not be
9 limited to, acupuncture, chiropractic, dentistry, nursing, podiatry,
10 pharmacy, medicine, physical therapy, physician assistance, psychology
11 and occupational therapy.
12 2. State chronic pain management education and training council. (a)
13 The state chronic pain management education and training council is
14 hereby established in the department to be an expert panel to advise the
15 commissioner and commissioner of education on: (i) advances in the opti-
16 mum treatment, management and best practices related to mitigating or
17 alleviating chronic pain, (ii) to promote better interdisciplinary and
18 coordinated provision of care related to chronic pain management, (iii)
19 to develop new public policies related to advancing the teaching of such
20 new treatments, management regimens, or best practices on chronic pain
21 management and care in chronic pain care certified medical schools and
22 chronic pain care certified residency programs, and (iv) develop guide-
23 lines to assist the education department in establishing materials and
24 curricula to be used in providing professional continuing education
25 programs for those health care professionals regulated by such depart-
27 (b) The council shall be composed of twenty-five members appointed by
28 the commissioner. The commissioner shall seek recommendations for
29 appointments to such council from health care professional, consumer,
30 medical institutional, medical educational leaders and other profes-
31 sional educational leaders from this state. The membership of the coun-
32 cil shall include: nine representatives of medical schools and hospital
33 organizations; two representatives of medical academies; one acupunctu-
34 rist licensed pursuant to section eighty-two hundred fourteen of the
35 education law; individual representatives of organizations broadly
36 representative of physicians, family physicians, primary care physi-
37 cians, internal medicine, rheumatology, nursing, gerontology, hospice,
38 neurology, psychiatry, pediatrics, surgery, acupuncture, chiropractic
39 care, podiatric care, pharmacists or those professionals related to the
40 prescription or manufacture of pain medications, emergency room health
41 care professionals, massage therapists, occupational and physical thera-
42 py, patient advocates and the hospital philanthropic community; health
43 care plan payors or insurers; the executive director or a member of the
44 New York state council on graduate medical education; and a member of
45 the New York state palliative care education and training council.
46 (c) The members of the council shall have expertise in the treatment
47 and management of chronic pain and the care of patients that are
48 afflicted with chronic pain conditions. The term of such members shall
49 be four years and such terms may be renewed. Members shall receive no
50 compensation for their services, but shall be allowed actual and neces-
51 sary expenses in the performance of their duties.
52 (d) A chair and vice-chair of the council shall be elected annually by
53 the council. The council shall meet upon the call of the commissioner or
54 the chair. The council may adopt regulations consistent with this
A. 608 4
1 (e) The commissioner shall designate such employees and provide for
2 other resources from the department as may be reasonably necessary to
3 provide support and services for the work of the council. The council
4 may employ additional staff and consultants and incur other expenses to
5 carry out its duties, to be paid for from amounts which may be made
6 available to the council for that purpose.
7 (f) The council may provide technical information and guidance to
8 health care professionals on the latest best practices, strategies,
9 therapies and medications to treat or manage chronic pain. Further, to
10 provide technical information and guidance to health care professionals
11 to encourage better coordinated care to treat or mitigate the pain
12 suffered by chronic pain patients.
13 3. Policies to be considered, examined and possibly advanced by the
14 council. The council shall consider and examine the following policies
15 and guidelines in the adoption of any rules and regulations:
16 (a) The treatment and care provided to patients that suffer chronic
17 pain should be centered in the primary care environment and foster coor-
18 dinated care between the various health care professional disciplines.
19 (b) Chronic pain management and care should be coordinated to help
20 minimize the dispensing of prescription drugs, avoid duplicative and
21 costly evaluations and diagnostic tests, and treatments to minimize
22 chronic pain.
23 (c) Development of chronic pain management and care techniques that
24 address discrepancies that may occur in the treatment of patients based
25 on race, ethnicity, gender, income level or age.
26 (d) Develop and promote the use of best practices to mitigate the
27 suffering of chronic pain in patients. The utilization of such best
28 practices can be promoted by: (i) the provision of professional continu-
29 ing education programs to all health care professionals on advances in
30 best practices in chronic pain management and care, and (ii) the devel-
31 opment of advances in best practices based on new research, clinical
32 experience, and the promotion of inter-disciplinary dialog and cooper-
33 ation between the various health care professionals.
34 (e) Encourage the wider use of coordinated health information technol-
35 ogy systems to track pain disorders, treatments, and outcomes as a mech-
36 anism to improve chronic pain care and to better integrate coordinated
37 care among the various treating health care professionals.
38 (f) Consider alterations in Medicaid and private payor reimbursement
39 rates and practices to encourage more optimum provision of quality
40 chronic pain management and care by all health care professionals.
41 (g) Encourage a balanced approach to regulate the distribution, use,
42 and prescription of medications that are used to treat chronic pain
43 conditions. Such balanced approach needs to ensure that patients can
44 obtain the medications that they need, but are not over prescribed such
45 medications, which can lead to patient abuse or long term addiction.
46 Further, the need to monitor multiple daily medication prescription
47 regimens, coupled with psychological, behavioral, and social inter-
48 vention activities of such patients. Further, to reduce the threat of
49 drug abuse, addiction or diversion of such medications to uses not
50 related to proper treatment of chronic pain conditions.
51 4. Grants for undergraduate medical education in chronic pain treat-
52 ment and management. (a) The commissioner is authorized, within amounts
53 from any source appropriated or otherwise provided for such purpose, to
54 make grants to chronic pain care certified medical schools and schools
55 of health care professionals to enhance the study and research of chron-
56 ic pain treatment and management, increase the opportunities for under-
A. 608 5
1 graduate medical education in chronic pain care treatment and manage-
2 ment, and encourage the education of physicians in chronic pain care
3 management and treatment.
4 (b) Grant proceeds under this subdivision may be used for faculty
5 development in chronic pain care treatment and management; recruitment
6 of faculty with an expertise in the management and treatment of chronic
7 pain; costs incurred teaching medical students at hospital-based sites,
8 non-hospital based ambulatory care settings, certified home health agen-
9 cies, licensed long term home health care programs, private and public
10 health care clinics, and in private physician practices including, but
11 not limited to personnel, administration and student-related expenses;
12 expansion or development of programs that train physicians in the treat-
13 ment and management of chronic pain; and other innovative programs
14 designed to increase the competency of medical students to provide
15 chronic pain care to patients.
16 (c) Grants under this subdivision shall be awarded by the commissioner
17 through a competitive application process to the council. The council
18 shall make recommendations for funding to the commissioner.
19 5. Grants for graduate health care professional education in chronic
20 pain treatment and management. (a) The commissioner is authorized, with-
21 in amounts from any source appropriated or otherwise provided for such
22 purpose, to make grants to chronic pain care certified residency
23 programs to establish or expand education in chronic pain treatment and
24 management for graduate medical education, and to increase the opportu-
25 nities for trainee education in the treatment and management of chronic
26 pain in the hospital-based and non-hospital-based settings.
27 (b) Grants under this subdivision for graduate health care profes-
28 sional education and education in chronic pain treatment and management
29 may be used for administration, faculty recruitment and development;
30 start-up costs and costs incurred teaching the most advanced strategies,
31 therapies, medications or best practices with regard to the care of
32 patients with chronic pain in either hospital-based or non-hospital
33 based settings including, but not limited to personnel, administration
34 and trainee related expenses; and other expenses deemed reasonable and
35 necessary by the commissioner.
36 (c) Grants under this subdivision shall be awarded by the commissioner
37 through a competitive application process to the council. The council
38 shall make recommendations for funding to the commissioner.
39 6. Chronic pain health care professional practitioner resource
40 centers. The commissioner, in consultation with the council, may desig-
41 nate a chronic pain treatment and management practitioner resource
42 center or centers. Such resource center may be statewide or regional,
43 and shall act as a source of technical support, information and guidance
44 for practitioners on the latest strategies, therapies, medications or
45 best practices with regard to the optimum treatment and management of
46 chronic pain. The department, in consultation with the council, may
47 contract with not-for-profit organizations or associations to establish
48 and manage such resource centers. Such resource centers may charge a fee
49 to help offset the cost of providing such services.
50 7. Continuing education requirements for health care professionals.
51 The council, in consultation with the department, the education depart-
52 ment and health care professional organizations, shall develop, compile
53 and publish information and course materials on the advanced treatment
54 and mitigation of chronic pain suffered by patients. In addition within
55 two years of the effective date of this article, the council shall make
56 recommendations to the education department for the course work, train-
A. 608 6
1 ing and curriculum to be included in the continuing education on the
2 best practices, strategies, therapies and approaches for the mitigation
3 and treatment of chronic pain required to be completed by the various
4 health care professions pursuant to paragraph d of subdivision three of
5 section sixty-five hundred seven of the education law. Such recommenda-
6 tions shall include components which address the increasing and neces-
7 sary interdisciplinary cooperation between health care professionals for
8 the coordinated reduction of chronic pain in patients and the reduction
9 of health care costs.
10 8. Report. On or before March first of each odd numbered year, the
11 council shall submit to the governor, the commissioner, the commissioner
12 of education, the temporary president of the senate, the speaker of the
13 assembly, and the chairs of the senate and assembly committees on health
14 a report on its activities and accomplishments relating to the treatment
15 and mitigation of chronic pain. Such report may also include such legis-
16 lative proposals as it deems necessary to more effectively implement the
17 provisions of this article.
18 § 3. Paragraphs b and c of subdivision 3 of section 6507 of the educa-
19 tion law, as added by chapter 987 of the laws of 1971, are amended and a
20 new paragraph d is added to read as follows:
21 b. Review qualifications in connection with licensing requirements;
23 c. Provide for licensing examinations and reexaminations[.]; and
24 d. (i) Establish standards for preprofessional and professional educa-
25 tion for health care professionals, as defined in paragraph (e) of
26 subdivision one of section twenty-eight hundred ninety-nine-k of the
27 public health law, relating to the mitigation and treatment of chronic
28 pain. In the promulgation of such standards, the department and the
29 appropriate board of each such profession shall consider and, to the
30 extent practicable, implement the recommendations of the state chronic
31 pain management education and training council. Furthermore, such stand-
32 ards shall provide for such training and coursework on the advanced
33 treatment and mitigation of chronic pain as shall be appropriate for the
34 health care profession, and shall address the increasing and necessary
35 interdisciplinary cooperation between health care professionals for the
36 coordinated reduction of chronic pain in patients and the reduction of
37 health care costs.
38 (ii) The commissioner shall establish standards requiring that all
39 health care professionals applying, on or after January first, two thou-
40 sand twenty-two, initially or for a renewal of a license, registration
41 or certificate pursuant to this title, shall, in addition to all other
42 licensure, registration or certification requirements, have completed
43 such coursework and training in the treatment and mitigation of chronic
44 pain as shall be required pursuant to subparagraph (i) of this para-
45 graph. The coursework and training shall be obtained from an institution
46 or provider that has been approved by the department to provide such
47 coursework and training. Each applicant shall provide the department
48 with documentation showing he or she has completed the required train-
50 (iii) The department shall provide an exemption from the requirements
51 of subparagraphs (i) and (ii) of this paragraph to any health care
52 professional who requests such an exemption and who demonstrates to the
53 department's satisfaction that:
54 (A) there would be no need for him or her to complete such coursework
55 and training because of the nature of his or her practice; or
A. 608 7
1 (B) he or she has completed coursework and training deemed by the
2 department to be equivalent to the standards for coursework and training
3 approved by the department under this paragraph.
4 § 4. Subdivision 7 of section 2807-s of the public health law is
5 amended by adding a new paragraph (d) to read as follows:
6 (d) notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of this section, prior
7 to the allocation of funds for distribution in accordance with section
8 twenty-eight hundred seven-j of this article pursuant to paragraphs (b)
9 and (c) of this subdivision, the commissioner on an annualized basis up
10 to two million five hundred thousand dollars for grants for undergradu-
11 ate health care professional education in chronic pain treatment and
12 management pursuant to subdivision four of section twenty-eight hundred
13 ninety-nine-k of this chapter; and up to two million five hundred thou-
14 sand dollars for grants for graduate health care professional education
15 in chronic pain treatment and management pursuant to subdivision five of
16 section twenty-eight hundred ninety-nine-k of this chapter.
17 § 5. This act shall take effect immediately provided that the amend-
18 ments to subdivision 7 of section 2807-s of the public health law made
19 by section four of this act shall not affect the expiration of such
20 section and shall expire therewith.