|SAME AS||SAME AS S00324-A|
|Amd §60.45, CP L; amd §344.2, Fam Ct Act|
|Relates to precluding inadmissible statements made by defendants because of false facts about evidence or because of a statement that undermines the reliability of the defendant's statement; requires data collection and analysis by the division of criminal justice services of recorded interrogations.|
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STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 6570--A 2021-2022 Regular Sessions IN ASSEMBLY March 19, 2021 ___________ Introduced by M. of A. VANEL -- read once and referred to the Committee on Codes -- recommitted to the Committee on Codes in accordance with Assembly Rule 3, sec. 2 -- committee discharged, bill amended, ordered reprinted as amended and recommitted to said committee AN ACT to amend the criminal procedure law and the family court act, in relation to defendants' and juvenile respondents' statement admissi- bility and recorded interrogations The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem- bly, do enact as follows: 1 Section 1. Subdivisions 1 and 2 of section 60.45 of the criminal 2 procedure law are amended and a new subdivision 4 is added to read as 3 follows: 4 1. Evidence of a written or oral confession, admission, or other 5 statement made by a defendant with respect to his or her participation 6 or lack of participation in the offense charged, may not be received in 7 evidence against him or her in a criminal proceeding if such statement 8 was involuntarily made. 9 2. A confession, admission or other statement is "involuntarily made" 10 by a defendant when it is obtained from him or her: 11 (a) By any person by the use or threatened use of physical force upon 12 the defendant or another person, or by means of any other improper 13 conduct or undue pressure which impaired the defendant's physical or 14 mental condition to the extent of undermining his or her ability to make 15 a choice whether or not to make a statement; or 16 (b) By a public servant engaged in law enforcement activity or by a 17 person then acting under his or her direction or in cooperation with him 18 or her: 19 (i) by means of any promise or statement of fact, which promise or 20 statement undermines the reliability of the defendant's statement, or 21 creates a substantial risk that the defendant might falsely incriminate 22 himself or herself; [ or] EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD02415-03-1A. 6570--A 2 1 (ii) by knowingly communicating false facts about evidence to the 2 defendant; or 3 (iii) in violation of such rights as the defendant may derive from the 4 constitution of this state or of the United States. 5 4. The division of criminal justice services shall collect and analyze 6 the following data related to the recordation of interrogations pursuant 7 to the requirements of subdivision three of this section, including but 8 not limited to: 9 (a) The aggregate annual number of recorded interrogations in 10 detention facilities for all categories of criminal charges, including 11 such charges as required by paragraph (a) of subdivision three of this 12 section and any additional recorded interrogations. 13 (b) The disaggregate data for each case involving a custodial interro- 14 gation of a person suspected of committing a crime that occurred in a 15 detention facility, including: 16 (i) Whether the interrogation was recorded. 17 (ii) If the interrogation was not recorded, whether there was a show- 18 ing of good cause pursuant to paragraph (c) of subdivision three of this 19 section. 20 (iii) The duration of the interrogation and the circumstances of the 21 recorded interrogation, including: 22 (1) Whether the recording began: (A) when the suspect entered the 23 interrogation room; (B) when the suspect was read his or her Miranda 24 rights; or (C) after the suspect was read his or her Miranda rights; and 25 (2) Whether the recording ended: (A) after the interrogation ended; 26 (B) immediately after the suspect confessed; or (C) at another time 27 prior to the end of the interrogation. 28 (iv) Whether the suspect confessed to the crime during the interro- 29 gation. 30 (v) Whether the interrogation was recorded with video and audio or 31 audio only. 32 § 2. Subparagraph (iii) of paragraph (b) of subdivision 2 of section 33 344.2 of the family court act, as added by chapter 920 of the laws of 34 1982, is amended to read as follows: 35 (iii) in violation of section 305.2 of this article; or 36 (iv) in violation of subdivision two of section 60.45 of the criminal 37 procedure law. 38 § 3. This act shall take effect on the ninetieth day after it shall 39 have become a law.