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A07524 Summary:

COSPNSRBarclay, Tague, Fitzpatrick, Angelino, Ashby, Blankenbush, Brabenec, Brown K, Byrne, Byrnes, DeStefano, Durso, Friend, Gallahan, Gandolfo, Giglio JA, Giglio JM, Goodell, Hawley, Jensen, Lawler, Lemondes, Manktelow, McDonough, Mikulin, Miller B, Miller M, Montesano, Morinello, Norris, Ra, Reilly, Salka, Schmitt, Simpson, Smith, Smullen, Tannousis, Walczyk, Walsh
Add §66-s, Pub Serv L
Directs the public service commission in consultation with NYSERDA to conduct a full cost benefit analysis of the technical and economic feasibility of renewable energy systems in the state of New York and to compare such directly with other methods of electricity generation within nine months after the effective date and every four years thereafter.
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A07524 Text:

                STATE OF NEW YORK
                               2021-2022 Regular Sessions
                   IN ASSEMBLY
                                      May 13, 2021
          once  and referred to the Committee on Energy -- committee discharged,
          bill amended, ordered reprinted as amended  and  recommitted  to  said
        AN  ACT  to  amend  the public service law, in relation to directing the
          public service commission to conduct a full cost benefit  analysis  of
          the  technical and economic feasibility of renewable energy systems in
          the state of New York and to compare such directly with other  methods
          of electricity generation
          The  People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem-
        bly, do enact as follows:
     1    Section 1. The public service law is amended by adding a  new  section
     2  66-s to read as follows:
     3    §  66-s.  Supplemental  study  of  the  costs, benefits, technical and
     4  economic feasibility of meeting the New York  state  climate  leadership
     5  and community protection act renewable energy targets. 1. Not later than
     6  nine  months  after  the  effective date of this section, and every four
     7  years thereafter, the commission, on behalf of the climate action  coun-
     8  cil  established  by  section  75-0103 of the environmental conservation
     9  law, and in consultation with the president of the New York state energy
    10  research and development authority and  the  presiding  officer  of  the
    11  federally  designated  electric  bulk system operator, shall publish and
    12  update a comprehensive study to determine the costs, benefits and  over-
    13  all economic feasibility of meeting the climate leadership and community
    14  protection  act  ("CLCPA")  targets  for renewable energy systems in New
    15  York state.
         EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                              [ ] is old law to be omitted.

        A. 7524--A                          2
     1    2. Such study shall include a full cost benefit analysis assessing the
     2  following, including, but not limited to:
     3    (a)  The  current state of technology in place for electric generation
     4  as of the date of the study, as well  as  new  and  emerging  generation
     5  methods;
     6    (b)  The  impact  of CLCPA renewable energy target compliance on elec-
     7  tricity wholesale prices, delivery rates and  total  bills  that  energy
     8  consumers  in this state will pay, including indirect energy costs. This
     9  analysis would include the impacts of subsidies to site  land-based  and
    10  offshore  renewable  energy  projects,  the  build-out  of  the electric
    11  infrastructure to receive and transmit  renewable  power,  subsidies  of
    12  energy  storage  projects, and the addition of new loads associated with
    13  deep electrification efforts in the residential, commercial,  industrial
    14  and  transportation sectors. This analysis shall address both short-term
    15  and long-term maintenance costs;
    16    (c) Direct and indirect costs associated with the transition to  heat-
    17  ing  and  cooling  provided  by  heat  pumps powered by renewable energy
    18  systems;
    19    (d) The current civilian state of the art in nuclear reactor technolo-
    20  gy and the role such technology could play in the transition to a clean-
    21  er, more reliable, and more  resilient  energy  portfolio  in  New  York
    22  state;
    23    (e)  The  impact of renewable energy systems on the reliability of the
    24  electric system in this state, including but  not  limited  to,  voltage
    25  sags  and  how  reliability  shall  be  maintained  when  solar and wind
    26  resources are not generating power, and shall also address how reliabil-
    27  ity will be maintained if fast-ramping gas-fired  generation  is  phased
    28  out;
    29    (f)  Costs  and logistical issues associated with end-of-life disposal
    30  of renewable energy system components;
    31    (g) Short-term and long-term costs associated  with  building-out  and
    32  maintaining  adequate energy storage and/or battery capacity for periods
    33  when renewable energy systems are intermittent;
    34    (h) Direct and indirect  transportation  costs  associated  with  such
    35  matters as charging station infrastructure, a moratorium on gas pipeline
    36  construction,  and  over-the-road transport of goods, such as perishable
    37  agricultural products;
    38    (i) The impact of CLCPA  compliance  on  natural  gas  market  prices,
    39  delivery  rates and total bills that energy consumers in this state will
    40  pay including but not limited to short-term  and  long-term  maintenance
    41  costs;
    42    (j)  The impact CLCPA compliance has on the reliability of the natural
    43  gas system in this state and its ability to support manufacturing  proc-
    44  esses  for  which  today there are no known replacement fuels. Consider-
    45  ation shall be given to the following: the  utilization  and  dependence
    46  upon  natural gas by manufacturers for process purposes; the utilization
    47  and dependence on natural gas service for cooking by the restaurant  and
    48  food-service  industry,  due  to  the ability of gas ranges and ovens to
    49  heat foods more evenly than their  electric  counterparts;  the  use  of
    50  natural gas for heating in forty-six percent of households in the North-
    51  east;  and  reliable  and  affordable alternatives for heating and other
    52  services currently supplied by natural gas;
    53    (k) Clarification of the impact of CLCPA compliance on industrial  use
    54  of fossil fuels; and
    55    (l)  An  examination  of  the land use implications of major renewable
    56  electric generating facilities in the state, both from the standpoint of

        A. 7524--A                          3
     1  tourism and this state's tourism-based economic sectors,  and  potential
     2  effects on the viability of agriculture in this state.
     3    3.  Such  study  shall  build  upon  relevant expertise already at the
     4  commission's disposal, along with that of the climate action council.
     5    4. The department, on behalf of the commission, shall contract with an
     6  independent and  competitively-selected  consultant  to  undertake  such
     7  study.
     8    5.  The  department,  and  any  contractors  it  may  retain  for such
     9  purposes, shall consult with entities that have resources and  expertise
    10  to  assist  in such study, including, but not limited to, academic part-
    11  ners, electric corporations,  electricity  generating  companies,  trade
    12  organizations, environmental justice groups, and other stakeholders.
    13    6.  Upon  completion  of  the  initial  study  and  each updated study
    14  conducted pursuant to subdivision one of this  section,  the  department
    15  shall  prepare  a report on such study's findings, including recommenda-
    16  tions for future courses of action and/or those issues requiring further
    17  investigation.  The commission shall transmit such report along with the
    18  study to the governor, the speaker of the assembly, the minority  leader
    19  of  the  assembly,  the  temporary president of the senate, the minority
    20  leader of the senate, the chair of the assembly  energy  committee,  the
    21  ranking member of the assembly energy committee, the chair of the senate
    22  energy  and  telecommunications committee, and the ranking member of the
    23  senate energy and telecommunications committee no later than thirty days
    24  after the study's completion.
    25    7. The Long Island power authority and  the  power  authority  of  the
    26  state  of  New  York are authorized, as deemed feasible and advisable by
    27  their respective boards, to make a voluntary  contribution  toward  this
    28  study.
    29    8.  Upon receipt of the report of the study's findings, the commission
    30  shall, within ninety days, promulgate rules  and  regulations  necessary
    31  for effectuating the intent of the recommendations made by the report.
    32    § 2. This act shall take effect immediately.
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