NEW YORK STATE ASSEMBLY MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF LEGISLATION submitted in accordance with Assembly Rule III, Sec 1(f)
BILL NUMBER: A2631A
SPONSOR: Peoples-Stokes (MS)
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the public health law, in relation to
creating the lupus research enhancement program; and to amend the state
finance law, in relation to creating the lupus research enhancement fund
To promote basic and clinical research programs designed to reduce or
prevent suffering from Lupus, by providing funding, if available, to
state academic medical institutions within the state currently conduct-
ing or having an interest in conducting basic and clinical, social,
translational, technological, epidemiological, and behavioral research
SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS:
The Commissioner of Health shall establish within the department a Lupus
research enhancement program through which the department shall make
grants to state academic medical institutions within the state currently
conducting or having an interest in conducting basic and clinical,
social, translational, technological epidemiological and behavioral
research on Lupus. The Commissioner shall establish a multidisciplinary
Lupus research advisory council to monitor progress and make granting
recommendations to the department. The council shall be comprised of
fifteen (15) members representing a broad range of expertise and experi-
ence. The council shall be comprised as follows:
a) at least three individuals with Lupus
b) no more than two representatives from the Department of Health;
c) at least five individuals from Lupus nonprofit health organizations;
d) at least five-scientists or clinicians with experience in Lupus and
who participates in various fields of scientific endeavor but not limit-
ed to, the fields of biomedical research, social, translational, behav-
ioral and epidemiological research, and public health. the commissioner
will choose from among the fifteen council members one member to serve
An annual report shall be transmitted to the legislature on or before
December 31 as specified in the legislation.
The secretary of the Lupus research advisory council may accept grants,
services, and property from the federal government, foundations, organ-
izations, medical schools, and other entities that may be available for
the purpose of fulfilling the obligations of this program.
The secretary of the research advisory council shall seek any federal
waiver or waivers that may be necessary to maximize funds from the
Lupus is a serious, complex, debilitating autoimmune disease that can
cause inflammation and tissue damage to virtually any organ system in
the body, including the skin, joints, other connective tissues, blood
and blood vessels, heart, lungs, kidney and brain.
The Lupus foundation of America, Inc. estimates that approximately 1.5
to 2 million American live with some form of lupus; Lupus affects women
nine times more often than men and 80 percent of newly diagnosed cases
of Lupus develop among women of childbearing age.
Lupus disproportionately affects women of color - it is two to three
times more common among African-Americans, Hispanics, Asians and Native
Americans and is generally more prevalent in minority populations a
health disparity that remains unexplained. According to the Center for
Disease Control and Prevention the rate of Lupus mortality has increased
since the 1970s and is higher among older African-American women.
Only one new drug has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Adminis-
tration specifically for Lupus in nearly 40 years. While current treat-
ments for the disease can be effective, they can lead to damaging side
effects. Despite the magnitude of Lupus and its impact on individuals
and families, health professional and public understanding of Lupus
remains low; only one of five Americans can provide even basic informa-
tion about Lupus, and awareness of lupus is lowest among adults ages 16
to 34 - the age group most likely to develop symptoms of Lupus.
PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:
2016 Referred To Health- Referred To Ways And Means
2015 Referred To Health- Referred To Ways And Means
2016 Referred To Health - Reported Committed To Finance
2015 Referred To Health
None to the state/local
STATE OF NEW YORK
2015-2016 Regular Sessions
January 20, 2015
Introduced by M. of A. PEOPLES-STOKES, BRINDISI, TITONE, THIELE, McDO-
NALD -- read once and referred to the Committee on Health -- recommit-
ted to the Committee on Health in accordance with Assembly Rule 3,
sec. 2 -- reported and referred to the Committee on Ways and Means --
committee discharged, bill amended, ordered reprinted as amended and
recommitted to said committee
AN ACT to amend the public health law, in relation to creating the lupus
research enhancement program; and to amend the state finance law, in
relation to creating the lupus research enhancement fund
The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem-bly, do enact as follows:
1 Section 1. Article 2 of the public health law is amended by adding a
2 new title 4-A to read as follows:
3 TITLE IV-A
4 LUPUS RESEARCH ENHANCEMENT ACT
5 Section 256. Short title.
6 256-a. Legislative intent.
7 256-b. Definition.
8 256-c. Lupus research enhancement program.
9 256-d. Lupus research advisory council.
10 256-e. Lupus research enhancement fund.
11 § 256. Short title. This title shall be known and may be cited as the
12 "lupus research enhancement act".
13 § 256-a. Legislative intent. 1. The legislature hereby finds the
15 (a) Lupus is a serious, complex, debilitating autoimmune disease that
16 can cause inflammation and tissue damage to virtually any organ system
17 in the body, including the skin, joints, other connective tissue, blood
18 and blood vessels, heart, lungs, kidney, and brain.
EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
 is old law to be omitted.
A. 2631--A 2
1 (b) The Lupus Foundation of America, Inc. estimates that approximately
2 1.5 to two million Americans live with some form of lupus; lupus affects
3 women nine times more often than men and eighty percent of newly diag-
4 nosed cases of lupus develop among women of childbearing age.
5 (c) Lupus disproportionately affects women of color - it is two to
6 three times more common among African-Americans, Hispanics, Asians and
7 Native Americans and is generally more prevalent in minority populations
8 - a health disparity that remains unexplained. According to the Centers
9 for Disease Control and Prevention the rate of lupus mortality has
10 increased since the late nineteen seventies and is higher among older
11 African-American women.
12 (d) No new drugs have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Adminis-
13 tration specifically for lupus in nearly forty years, and while current
14 treatments for the disease can be effective, they can lead to damaging
15 side effects.
16 (e) The pain and fatigue associated with lupus can threaten people's
17 ability to live independently, make it difficult to maintain employment
18 and lead normal lives, and one in five people with lupus is disabled by
19 the disease, and consequently receives support from government programs,
20 including medicare, medicaid, social security disability, and social
21 security supplemental income.
22 (f) The estimated average annual cost of medical treatment for an
23 individual with lupus can range between ten thousand dollars and thirty
24 thousand dollars; for people who have the most serious form of lupus,
25 medical costs can greatly exceed this amount, causing a significant
26 economic, emotional and social burden to the entire family and society.
27 (g) More than half of the people with lupus suffer four or more years
28 and visit three or more physicians before obtaining a diagnosis of
29 lupus; early diagnosis of and commencement of treatment for lupus can
30 prevent or reduce serious organ damage, disability, and death.
31 (h) Despite the magnitude of lupus and its impact on individuals and
32 families, health professional and public understanding of lupus remains
33 low; only one of five Americans can provide even basic information about
34 lupus, and awareness of lupus is lowest among adults ages eighteen to
35 thirty-four - the age group most likely to develop symptoms of lupus.
36 (i) Lupus is a significant national health issue that deserves a
37 comprehensive and coordinated response by state and federal governments
38 with involvement of the health care provider, patient, and public health
40 2. The purposes of this title are:
41 (a) To promote basic and clinical research programs designed to reduce
42 or prevent suffering from lupus, by providing additional funding to
43 state academic medical institutions within the state currently conduct-
44 ing or having an interest in conducting basic and clinical, social,
45 translational, technological, epidemiological, and behavioral research
46 on lupus. Such activities may include:
47 (i) investigating the pathogenesis and physiology of lupus;
48 (ii) identifying and validating lupus biomarkers;
49 (iii) enhancing the statewide infrastructure to conduct clinical
50 trials of potential new lupus therapies;
51 (iv) developing or improving diagnostic tests for early detection of
52 lupus; and
53 (v) developing novel therapies to treat lupus.
54 (b) To establish a multidisciplinary lupus research advisory council
55 to monitor progress and make granting recommendations to the department.
A. 2631--A 3
1 § 256-b. Definition. As used in this title, "program" shall mean the
2 lupus research enhancement program created pursuant to section two
3 hundred fifty-six-c of this title.
4 § 256-c. Lupus research enhancement program. 1. The commissioner shall
5 establish within the department a lupus research enhancement program
6 through which the department shall make grants to state academic medical
7 institutions within the state currently conducting or having an interest
8 in conducting basic and clinical, social, translational, technological,
9 epidemiological, and behavioral research on lupus.
10 2. All research funds shall be awarded on the basis of the research
11 priorities established for the program and the scientific merit of the
12 proposed research, as determined by an open, competitive peer review
13 process that ensures objectivity, consistency, and high quality. All
14 investigators, regardless of affiliation, shall have equal access and
15 opportunity to compete for program funds.
16 3. The peer review process for the selection of research grants
17 awarded under this program shall be modeled generally on that used by
18 the national institutes of health in its grant making process.
19 4. An awardee shall be awarded grants for the full cost, both direct
20 and indirect, of conducting the sponsored research consistent with those
21 federal guidelines governing all federal research grants and contracts.
22 All intellectual property assets developed under this program shall be
23 treated in accordance with state and federal law.
24 5. In establishing its research priorities, the state shall consult
25 with the lupus research advisory council and consider a broad range of
26 cross-disciplinary lupus research, including, but not limited to,
27 research into the cause, cure, and diagnosis of lupus; translational and
28 technological research, including research to develop improved diagnos-
29 tic tests; research regarding the cultural, economic, and legal barriers
30 to accessing the health care system for early detection and treatment of
31 lupus; and research examining the health disparities seen in the inci-
32 dence and prevalence of lupus.
33 § 256-d. Lupus research advisory council. 1. Operations. (a) The coun-
34 cil shall be comprised of fifteen members representing a broad range of
35 expertise and experience.
36 (b) Individuals and organizations may submit nominations to the
37 commissioner through the council.
38 (c) Each appointed council member should have familiarity with lupus
39 and issues that surround lupus and be one of the following: health and
40 medical professional with expertise in lupus; an individual with lupus;
41 a representative from a local or county health department; or a recog-
42 nized expert in the provision of health services to women, lupus
43 research or health disparities.
44 (d) The council shall be comprised as follows:
45 (i) at least three individuals with lupus;
46 (ii) no more than two representatives from the department;
47 (iii) at least five individuals from lupus nonprofit health organiza-
48 tions; and
49 (iv) at least five scientists or clinicians with experience in lupus
50 and who participate in various fields of scientific endeavor, including,
51 but not limited to, the fields of biomedical research, social, transla-
52 tional, behavioral and epidemiological research, and public health.
53 (e) All members of the council shall be appointed by the commissioner
54 and the commissioner shall choose from among the fifteen council members
55 one member to serve as chair.
A. 2631--A 4
1 (f) All members of the council shall serve terms of two years each.
2 Members can be named to serve a total of two terms and terms can be
4 (g) Members shall serve without compensation, but shall be entitled to
5 actual, necessary expenses incurred in the performance of their business
6 as members of the council.
7 (h) A majority of the members of the council shall constitute a
8 quorum. A majority vote of a quorum shall be required for any official
9 action of the council.
10 (i) The council shall meet at the call of the chair, but not less than
11 four times per year.
12 2. Functions. The lupus research advisory council shall:
13 (a) review submitted grant applications and make recommendations to
14 the commissioner, and the commissioner shall, at his or her discretion,
15 grant approval of applications for grants from those applications recom-
16 mended by the council (if a council member submits an application for a
17 grant from the lupus research and education fund, he or she will be
18 prohibited from reviewing and making a recommendation on the applica-
20 (b) consult with the national institutes of health, centers for
21 disease control and prevention, the agency for healthcare research and
22 quality, the national academy of sciences (institute of medicine), lupus
23 advocacy groups, and other organizations or entities which may be
24 involved in lupus research to solicit both information regarding lupus
25 research projects that are currently being conducted and recommendations
26 for future research projects; and
27 (c) shall transmit annually on or before December thirty-first, a
28 report to the legislature on grants made, grants in progress, program
29 accomplishments, and future program directions. Each report shall
30 include, but not be limited to, the following information:
31 (i) the number and dollar amounts of research grants, including the
32 amount allocated to indirect costs;
33 (ii) the subject of research grants;
34 (iii) the relationship between federal and state funding for lupus
36 (iv) the relationship between each project and the overall strategy of
37 the research program;
38 (v) a summary of research findings including discussion of promising
39 new areas;
40 (vi) the institutions and campuses receiving grant awards; and
41 (vii) the first annual report shall include an evaluation and recom-
42 mendations concerning the desirability and feasibility of requiring
43 for-profit grantees to compensate the state in the event that a grant
44 results in the development of a profit-making product. This evaluation
45 shall include, but not be limited to, the costs and benefits of requir-
46 ing a for-profit grantee to repay the grant, to provide the product at
47 cost to state programs serving low-income lupus patients, and to pay the
48 state a percentage of the royalties derived from the product.
49 3. Contributions. The secretary of the lupus research advisory council
50 may accept grants, services, and property from the federal government,
51 foundations, organizations, medical schools, and other entities as may
52 be available for the purposes of fulfilling the obligations of this
53 program. Any such funds shall supplement and not supplant appropriations
54 provided for the implementation of this article.
A. 2631--A 5
1 4. Waivers. The secretary of the lupus research advisory council shall
2 seek any federal waiver or waivers that may be necessary to maximize
3 funds from the federal government to implement this program.
4 § 256-e. Lupus research enhancement fund. All moneys received pursuant
5 to section two hundred fifty-six-c of this title shall be credited to
6 the fund, as established by section ninety-five-i of the state finance
7 law. The commissioner shall use the fund to administer the lupus
8 research enhancement program and to make grants to awardees pursuant to
9 section two hundred fifty-six-c of this title.
10 § 2. The state finance law is amended by adding a new section 95-i to
11 read as follows:
12 § 95-i. Lupus research enhancement fund. 1. There is hereby estab-
13 lished in the joint custody of the commissioner of taxation and finance
14 and the comptroller, a special fund to be known as the "lupus research
15 enhancement fund".
16 2. Such fund shall consist of all monies appropriated for the purpose
17 of such fund and any grant, gift or bequest made to the lupus research
18 enhancement program as established by title four-A of article two of the
19 public health law.
20 3. Moneys of the fund shall be available for grants through the lupus
21 research enhancement program advisory council and for the expenses of
22 the lupus research enhancement program advisory council, and shall be
23 expended only for the purposes spelled out in sections two hundred
24 fifty-six-c and two hundred fifty-six-d of the public health law.
25 4. Moneys in the lupus research enhancement fund shall be kept sepa-
26 rate and shall not be commingled with any other moneys in the custody of
27 the commissioner of taxation and finance and the comptroller.
28 5. The moneys of the fund shall be paid out on the audit and warrant
29 of the comptroller on vouchers certified or approved by the commissioner
30 of health, or by an officer or employee of the department of health
31 designated by such commissioner.
32 § 3. This act shall take effect immediately.