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A02514 Summary:

COSPNSRGalef, Forrest
Amd 3602, Ed L
Increases foundation aid for school districts that meet five variables impacting academic success: free or reduced lunch, English language learners, wealth ratio, enrollment, special education, and being located in a high wealth ratio county.
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A02514 Memo:

submitted in accordance with Assembly Rule III, Sec 1(f)
  TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the education law, in relation to increasing foundation aid to school districts located in a high wealth ratio county that meet five variables impacting academic success: free or reduced lunch, English language learners, wealth ratio, enrollment, and special educa- tion   PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL: To generate additional foundation aid funding for high need school districts in New York State that meets certain criteria   SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS: Section 1: Amends Section 3602 of the education law to address school district funding inequity. Commencing with aid payable in the 2021-22 school year, the commissioner shall increase the amount of foundation aid at a rate determined by the commissioner for school districts that all of the following conditions and criteria apply.   DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ORIGINAL AND AMENDED VERSION (IF APPLICABLE): N/A   JUSTIFICATION: Thousands of students in New York State attend schools which are under- funded due to an antiquated funding formula that doesn't take into account for discrepancies between the general wealth in a county and specific communities. For instance, in the Yonkers City School District, where over sixty-seven percent of students qualify for free and reduced lunch, the dominant factor in determining Foundation Aid funding is the wealth in Westchester County. Westchester County is one of the most affluent counties in New York State and the United States. As a result, the Yonkers City School District can expect less than half of the foun- dation aid which is granted to school districts that have similar student populations in New York State, namely the Buffalo City School District situated in Erie County, the Rochester City School District situated in Monroe County, and the Syracuse City School District situ- ated in Saratoga County. In each of the aforementioned cities, school districts can expect to receive thousands more per pupil than a district like Yonkers despite having similar student populations under similar socioeconomic conditions. This issue is consistent across different types of school districts, including smaller more suburban school districts like the Ossining Union Free School District and Bridgehampton Union Free School District.   PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: 2019: A.8700   FISCAL IMPLICATIONS FOR STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS: To be determined.   EFFECTIVE DATE: April 1 succeeding the date on which it shall have become law.
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