Legislation Aims to Curb Abusive Debt Collection Practices
June 29, 2009
Assemblywoman Rhoda Jacobs (D-Flatbush) announced the Assembly passed a package of bills she supported that will protect consumers from improper debt collection practices and implement penalties for those who violate the law. Ms. Jacobs said this package of bills will help protect debtors from unscrupulous debt collection practices, punish debt collectors who violate the law, and give people the information they need to get back on firmer financial ground. Informing consumers about their rights Consumers who cannot manage their debt may have their financial information turned over to debt collectors. Debt collectors’ profit margin depends on how much they can reclaim from a debtor, and some use deceitful practices or practices that border on harassment, both of which violate the law, noted Jacobs. An effective way to end abuse and provide benefits to consumers and businesses is to inform consumers of the limitations placed on debt collectors by New York law. Legislation included in the package of bills would provide a “Debtor’s Bill of Rights” to consumers who are in default (A.271-A). The notice would contain information such as when a debt collector may contact a debtor, as well as the fact that a debt collector cannot threaten to contact your employer unless they have obtained a judgment against you. “Consumers deserve to be treated fairly and reasonably, even when they have outstanding debts,” Assistant Speaker Jacobs said. “At the same time, if outstanding debts are not paid, the cost of business increases – hurting business, competition and the consumer. By providing debtors a written notice of their rights, we can curb the abuses of the law and give consumers the confidence to deal with their financial problems.” Giving consumers the right to take action for improper debt collection Presently, debtors often are harassed by debt collectors through their friends and relatives, and also their work place, as a means of collection. The Assembly passed legislation intended to reduce harassment by debt collectors by allowing debtors a private right of action in debt collection cases (A.3532-A). Any person found guilty of improper debt collection practices under this legislation will face potential reparations, including the payment of actual damages, punitive damages and attorneys’ fees. “Aggressive collection tactics, outright harassment and dirty tricks intended to beat debtors into submission simply need to stop,” said Jacobs. “Debt collectors shouldn’t be able to harass individuals by any means necessary – without any consequences.” Requiring debt collection agencies be licensed by the state Federal and state laws regulate how debt collectors may communicate with debtors, and prohibit the use of unfair collection practices. Despite these legal protections, the number of consumer complaints regarding methods of debt collection continues to rise. To protect consumers and maintain a high level of integrity in the debt collection industry, the Assembly passed legislation requiring third-party debt collectors and debt buyers to obtain a license from the Department of State (A.3926-C). Licenses would be valid for two years and cost $500. Other provisions of the bill include:
- requiring all licensed applicants to submit a summary of the methods used to confirm the validity of the debts being collected, their record-keeping policy, and whether debts will be sold;
- authorizing the secretary of state to refuse an issuance of a license to any applicant found to have violated New York’s Fair Debt Collection Practices Law or the federal Fair Debt Collection Practices Act;
- requiring debt collection agencies to obtain surety bonds between $10,000 and $75,000, depending on the number of people employed by the agency; and
- imposing penalties on violators; debtors who have been sued by an unlicensed debt collection agency can move for dismissal of the suit.
- provide that creditors and debt collectors may only communicate with debtors between the hours of 8 a.m. and 9 p.m. local time;
- require creditors and debt collectors to send notice to the last known address of a debtor when a debt is being sold or transferred;
- govern how debt collectors communicate with a person other than the consumer for the purpose of collecting a debt, and how debt collectors communicate with the consumer after the institution of debt collection procedures;
- prohibit debt collectors from engaging in threatening or abusive conduct in an attempt to collect a debt;
- require debt collectors to cease collection activities until the collector obtains and mails verification of the debt if the debt is disputed in writing by the consumer; and
- provide for a private right of action for damages against violators.